Monday, December 18, 2006

How fixed is your opinion?

How fixed is you opinion can be seen from the Jagannath Drekkana. Jagannath Drekkana has been popularised to the Jyotish world by Pt. Sanjay Rath of SJC Tradition.

When a sign is divided into three parts each of them constitute a drekkana. Jagannath Drekkana starts from Movable sign in trine to the sign under consideration. This means that for a movable sign, the counting of the drekkana starts from the sign itself, for fixed sign, the counting starts from the 9th from the sign and for dual signs the counting starts from the 5th from the sign.

Thus for movable sign, the 1st drekkana, for fixed signs, the 2nd drekkana and for the dual signs, the 3rd drekkana will fall in the sign under consideration and becomes the vargottama drekkana. If Moon is in vargottama drekkana and in fourth house from Mercury, it constitute Sarada Yoga (a yoga for divine mother Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge). Such persons will be interested in literary persuits and seeker of knowlegde. They can produce literary works which stay in the world for long.

The decision making and others influence on the native's decision making process can be seen from the influence on the 10th house and the 10th lord's placement. Here we consider the nature of the signs falling in the 10th house. If the sign falling in the 10th house is a Movable sign, the person is too flexible in accepting other's opinion. If the sign under consideration is a fixed, the person is too inflexible in accepting other's opinion. However, if the sign in the 10th is a dual sign, the person is adaptable and consider the opinions or others in their own merit. The planets placed in the 10th house are the ones who shall try to influence in decision making of the native. However, based on the nature of the sign, the influence others make on native will make a difference on the native's decision making process. The nature of the planets and their natural significations and lordship will define the quality of the influence on the native's decision making.

If there are no planets in the 10th house, then the placement of the 10th lord shall show the flexiblity. To know this, based on the speed of the planets the planets are divided into three groups viz. Moon, Mercury, Venus belongs to the fastest group; Sun, Mars & Jupiter belonging to the moderate group while Rahu, Ketu, Saturn belongs to the slowest group. It is advisable that the fastest planet should be placed in the fixed sign so that the native has good flexibility to give other's due consideration. The moderate planets do well in the dual signs and the slowest planets are well placed in movable sign. If a fast moving planet is placed in a movable sign, the native gets swayed by other's influence too fast. Same way, if a slow moving planet is placed in a fixed sign, the native is extremely inflexible to accept other's opinion or appreciate their viewpoints. No one can change the opinion of such natives, once they have formed one.

Sunday, September 03, 2006

Maraka Grahas

In Chapter 44 of BPHS Parasara says, O Brahmin! Third and Eighth Bhava are the two Bhavas of longevity. The Bhavas, related to death, are the 12th from each of these, i.e. Dhana and Yuvati Bhava are Maraka Bhavas. (BPHS 2-5)

Out of the two maraka bhavas, Dhana Bhava is a powerful Maraka Bhava. Along with it the following are also considered to be Marakas

  • The Lords of Dhana and Yuvati Bhava
  • Malefics in Dhana and Yuvati Bhava
  • Malefics conjoined with Dhana and Yuvati bhava’s Lords (BPHS 44.3)

The major and sub-periods of these Grahas will bring death on the native, depending on whether he is a long life, medium life, or short life person.

The Dasha of a benefic Graha, related to twelfth lord may also inflict death.

End may descend on the native in Eighth Lord’s Dasha.

The Dasha of a Graha, which is an exclusive malefic, may also cause death (BPHS 44.6 - 44.7)

Predominant Killer

If Saturn is ill-disposed and be related to a Maraka Graha (as mentioned above), he will be the first to kill in preference to other Grahas. (BPHS 44.9)

There are three kinds of life-spans, viz. short, medium and long. Short life is before 32 years, later on up to 64 it is medium life and from 64 to 100 it is long life. Beyond 100 the longevity is called Purnayu (10-14). Persons falling into these three compartments shall die in specific constellations based on the Navatara shceme of classification of the Nakshatras into three groups. According to Pt. Sanjay Rath, if the Janma Nakshatra is stronger to initiate the vimshottari dasa, then the Navatara chakra is initiated from the Lagna Nakshatra and vice-versa.

  • One born with short life combinations may face death in the Dasha, denoted by Vipat star (3rd from the birth star)
  • One of medium life may die in the Dasha, denoted by Pratyak star (5th from the birth star).
  • In the Dasha, denoted by Vadha star (7th from the birth star), one with long life may obtain his end.

Longevity Calculation prohibited by Parasara before the native attains 20 years of Age. He says to Maitreya, O excellent of the Brahmin! It is impossible to decide upon longevity till the native is 20 years old. Till such year the child should be protected by sacred recitations, religious offerings (of Ghee etc.) to consecrated fire, as prescribed in the Vedas and scriptures and through medical treatments; premature death may descend on the child due to sins of father and mother, or of his/her own (in the previous birth).

  • The Dasha of the Lord of the 22nd Decanate, or 23rd, or 3rd, or 5th, or 7th asterisms may also cause death.
  • The Lords of the 2nd and the 12th i.e., Sun and Mercury, counted from Cancer, may also bring death. This is true, when the Moon is a malefic. If he happens to be a benefic, there will be diseases (not death).
  • Death may come to pass in the Dasha of Sixth lord and in the sub-periods of Sixth, Eighth and/or Twelfth Lords.

Death Vs. Miseries

Should there be many Marakas and, if these Marakas are strong, there will be diseases, miseries etc. in major and sub-periods. Thus these are Marakas and are primarily related to bring death upon the native. According to their dispositions there may be death, or difficulties.

Rahu and Ketu, as Marakas.

  • If Rahu, or Ketu are placed in Lagna, Seventh, Eighth, or Twelfth Bhava, or happen to be in the 7th from a Marak Lord, or are placed with such a Grah, they acquire powers of killing in their major, or sub-periods.
  • For one born in Makar, or in Vrischik, Rahu will be a Marak. For Capricorn, Rahu becomes the 2nd lord and for Vrishchika, it becomes the 4th lord.
  • Should Rahu be in Sixth, Eighth, or Twelfth Bhava, he will give difficulties in his Dasha periods. He will not, however, do so, if Rahu receives a Drishti from, or is yuti with a benefic. (This is true for all the planets, who when aspected by benefics give beneficial results and tone down their malefic results.)

Third house and cause of Death.

  • If Surya, being with strength, is in third house, one will obtain his death, due to a king (legal punishments).
  • Chandra in third house will cause death, due to tuberculosis.
  • Wounds, weapons, fire and thirst will cause death through Mangal in third house.
  • If third house receives a Drishti from, or is occupied by Śani and Rahu, death will be through poison, water, or fire, or fall from heights, or confinement.
  • Death will surely come through insects, or leprosy, if Chandr and Gulika occupy, or give a Drishti to third house.
  • Budha, giving a Drishti to, or occupying third house, will bring death, followed by fever.
  • Guru in or giving a Drishti to third house, will cause death by swelling, or tumours.
  • Urinary diseases will cause death, if Shukr is in, or gives a Drishti to third house.
  • Many Grahas, giving a Drishti to, or occupying third house, will bring death through many diseases.

Note: In the upadesha sutras of Maharishi Jaimini it is mentioned that cause of death can be seen from the 3rd and 8th from Arudha Lagna.

Place of Death

If Sahaj Bhava is occupied by a benefic, death will be in an auspicious place (like a shrine) and, if Sahaj Bhava is occupied by a malefic, death will be in sinful places. Mixed occupation of Sahaj Bhava will yield mixed results with regard to the place of death.

Consciousness will prevail at the time of death, if Jupiter, or Venus are placed in Third Bhava. With other Grahas in Sahaj Bhava there will be unconsciousness before death.

Distance of Place of Death from home:

According to third house being a Movable, a Fixed, or a Dual Rāśi, death will be, respectively, in a foreign place (other than native birth place), in one’s own house, or on the way.

Note: The third house can be seen from the Arudha lagna instead of Lagna, as suggested by Maharishi Jaimini.

Eighth Bhava and Nature of Death

Various planets occupying the 8th house from Lagna shows death by various means.

  • If it is Surya, death will be through fire.
  • if Chandr is in Randhr Bhava, through water.
  • if Mangal, through weapons.
  • if Budh, through fever.
  • if Guru, through diseases
  • if Venus, through hunger.
  • if Saturn, through thirst.

If eighth house is occupied by, or receives a Drishti from a benefic, while ninth lord is conjoined with a benefic, the native will die in a shrine. If eighth house is occupied by, or aspected by a malefic, while ninth lord is conjoined death will be in a place, other than a shrine.

Case I: Queen Victoria

Birth Details: 24th May 1819, 4:04 am GMT, London

Dear Details: She died in 1903, in her 85th year

Analysis of the Maraka Planets

1. 2nd Lord Mercury

2. 7th lord Mars

No planet is placed in the Maraka Bhavas

3. The planets conjoining Mercury and Mars are

a. Mercury – Venus

b. Mars – Saturn and Rahu

Venus is the Lagna lord and shall not kill in her antardasa

Saturn is the Yogakaraka being the lord of 9th and 10th house.

4. The lord of 6th- 8th-12th house are Venus, Jupiter and Mars respectively.

She died in Mercury - Saturn.

Saturday, July 01, 2006

Tropical or Sidereal Zodiac

Many astrologers throughout the world use the Tropical zodiac which is most commonly named as western system of astrology. It has been a topic of curiosity why are supposed to be different and what is the basis of the difference. What is the implication on various factors on astrological divination, while we use either of them. Let me try to address this issue...

Tropical zodiac is based on the Earth's yearly movement around the Sun. The movement of earth around the is the cause of change of seasons. Can you say why? This is because of the tilt of Earth which is 23d 27m from the vertical axis. If the tilt was not there there there would not be any change of season. While the earth moves around the sun, the tilt changes with respect to the ecliptic (the plane of Sun and Earth's orbit). During spring and autumn, when the day and night are the same, the tilt with respect to the ecliptic is zero. While during the Summer, the hemisphere which has summer would tilt towards the face of Sun and the one which has winter would tilt away from the face of Sun. While seen from earth, the Sun would look like as if it is rising from the equator (where it is seen during equinoxes, spring and autumn) to north till tropic of cancer and then would go down towards the tropic of capricorn. So there is a change of declination (tilt as seen from the earth's equitorial plane) of Sun from zero to +23d 27m, then zero and then -27d 27m and then back to zero again. The cycle of Sun starting from the beginning of one of the euinox when Sun's declination is zero to again back to that equinox marks completion of one year, which is known as a tropical year.

However, while on the Spring/ Vernal equinox, is the sun really on the beginning of Aries. The answer is No.. While on Sprint equinox now, the Sun is not in the beginning of Aries but it is somewhere at 7degree Pisces. You can check this in any astronomy program. Why is it so!

There was a time when the equinox was in the beginning of Aries and this was long back. However, this is not now since the tilt of earth is itself changing its direction, tracing a circle on the celestial sphere. With this the alignment of the polestar with the earth's axis is changing. This means that the point in which the equinox falls is itself changing. Astronomers found that the period in which the equinox is tracing the circle on the celestial sphere is some 26000 years (different views exists on this). So each year the equinox is preceeding with a rate of some 49.86 seconds. Over years from the time when equinox actually fell at the beginning of Aries, the equinox has moved backwards to 7degree pisces. This is the basis of the Sidereal zodiac.

While seen on the sky the planets are seen as according to the sidereal zodiac and not in terms of the tropical zodiac since the tropical zodiac is based on the movement of Sun with respect to the equinoxes and not Actual starting of the zodiac. For convinience sake, the astrologers have aligned the equinoxes with the Aries and Libra, which is merely hypothetical and doesnot have a astronomical basis. However for true astrological reasons where the zodiac is more important than the equinoxes, the planets are seen in the zodiacal signs as they are.

Thus unlike the tropical year, the sidereal year is the movement of Sun from beginning from a point in zodiac to again back to that point. This year is slightly longer than the tropical year since, by the time Sun reaches the same declination again (as it was at the start of the year), the equinox has moved little backward due to the precision of equinox and thus Sun has to take little extra time to cover up the distance to the original point of start in the zodiac.

For instance say Sun is in 7d pisces when the declination is zero i.e, at the time of vernal equinox. When after the one year cycle the declination again becomes zero at next vernal equinox, the point of vernal equinox would have moved some 23/24 arc seconds backward with respect to the zodiac i.e., 7 degree Pisces to 6d 59m 36sec. Thus the Sun has to move some 1223 sec (20 min 23 sec approx.) to come to the initial point of 7d pisces and hence the day length is little bit more than a tropical year. Thus the year length of a tropical year is 365. 2422 mean solar days where that of a sidereal year is 365.2564 mean solar days.

Summarising the whole topic, the tropical year is based on the Sun's return to the equator i.e., the point of zero declination or the equinox, whereas the Sidereal year is the Sun's return to the point of start with respect to the Zodiac (static background) and hence is a true measure of a solar year. However, since the sidereal year does not follow the declination of Sun, it would be out of synchronicity with the seasons.

So, we can conclude that for the matter of measuring time for the perpose of seasonal changes, tropical year is the best suited, however for the matter of measuring time for judging the heavenly influence on earthly affairs, sidereal time is more suited.

Since the season (which is defined by Sun's declination) is out of synchrocity of the sidereal year, they come to synchronicity when the precession has completed 360 deg of the zodiac. This can be found in following ways. Get the mean tropical year, which is 365.2422; get the mean difference of the sidereal and tropical zodiac, which is 1223 sec; then number of years the two zodiacs to be synchronous = 365.2422 days / 1233 sec = 25,802 years or approximately 26,000 years. Thus the precession cycle as well as rate of precession (ayanamsa) can be found out by finding the actual measures of mean tropical solar year and the offset between two declinations (and equivalent time period).

More on Ayanamsa to follow...