Wednesday, June 30, 2004

Intelligence & Planets

Intelligence is governed by devaguru Jupiter, who is the karaka for Dhi or the supreme intelligence. There are many kind of intelligence, which is important for sustenance in this material world and with the same reasoning; animals are also intelligent, as they also know, how to keep themselves alive. However, the only difference, between an animal and human being is the presence of “Dhi”, or the intelligence for self-development and realization. Who else can govern, such intelligence than the devaguru himself!

The strength of Jupiter lies with guiding the Mana (Moon) in the right direction. This is why in the Kalachakra, or the time cycle, Jupiter is placed opposite to the Moon. No, wonder, on Amavasyas and Purnimas, when the mind gets hyper exited; only Jupiter has the power to put rein on such Mind. Thus on full Moon nights, when the Moon (Mind) is highly activated, Satya-Narayan (Jupiter) vrata is done.

This is pertinent to mention here is that the knowledge is always within us, as we have the same spark of Atma, which is similar to paramatma, the storehouse of all knowledge. The only difference between a normal mortal and a yogic is that one doesn’t know how to access the source and the other knows how to do it. This is why Maharshis could know many things by meditating, through their intuition. The omnipresence and omnipotent characteristics of knowledge (True knowledge- the Vedas) can only be described by the ethereal Jupiter. Jupiter has the extra ordinary power to tap all form of knowledge, comprehensible or incomprehensible.

Among he supporters of Jupiter, Moon is the most important as he is who exalts the Jupiter. Thus, Moon aids in the manifestation of Jupiter or Dhi, and represent the Mana or consciousness. A strong Mana can only be productive, when it is under the proper guidance of supreme intellect signified by Devaguru Brhaspati.

Sun is the storehouse of all energy as it is the natural significator of the Atma. As discussed above, Atma contains all knowledge, it require only a good Mana and Dhi to access it. This is the source of light, which the Moon (Mana) reflects. Thus an unaffiliated and strong Sun is prerequisite for a native to be a expert in multiple disciplines. As Sunlight contains all colours of light, the ray of light, which a native accesses from Sun, is dependent on the influences on the Sun. This is why the Sun represents the knowledge of Gita, which is a philosophy, which encompasses all form of knowledge and hence has all the colours.

Mars signify the ability to break down a complex problem into smaller part and analyze each of them to have a comprehensive understanding of the whole problem and get the solution. As opposed to Jupiter, it doesn’t use intuition, but logical reasoning for solving problem.

Mercury is the planet of skills and signifies the ability to use Language in communication. Strong Mercury shows good communication skills. On one hand, where Jupiter signifies knowledge and wisdom, Mercury signify formal education, i.e., application of intelligence in solving practical problems. This also signifies the learning ability as Mercury represents a child who can be trained in various things. All depends on who is training the child; the child will learn the things indicated by the teacher. If Jupiter is teaching him, no doubt the native becomes knowledgeable and if Moon is the teacher, he becomes passionate, concurring with the trait of Moon. Who is teaching Merc, is learnt from which planet is placed in the trine to it.

Venus is a great tapasvi, and he rules the desire, which goads us to learn. Thus whenever Venus is associated with Saturn (hard work and patience) and Ketu (Mokshakaraka), the native becomes a Tapasvi (someone who undertakes severe austerity and penances to attain siddhi). As opposed to Jupiter, who rules para vidya (knowledge which is used irrespective of whether we are born or not), Venus rules apara vidya (knowledge which is used in this mortal world). Thus Venus signify practical strategies, which help in solving real life problems.

Saturn debilitates Jupiter and hence signifies loss of Memory among other significations. Saturn detaches one’s consciousness or the Mana from accessing the source of knowledge as opposed to Jupiter, which connects the Mana to it. For that matter Saturn is a bitter enemy of the naisargika Atmakaraka, Sun and hence any studies done during Sani Kala is prone to forgetfulness. One should check out, saturn’s influence on the Lagna or the Paka Lagna to understand, how Saturn is playing mischief in making the person forgetting things. If Jupiter is placed with a strong Saturn, then also the person might suffer failure of memory, as with mere association, Saturn can cause debilitation of Jupiter.

Rahu eclipses Sun and is a bitter enemy of Jupiter. Rahu has a natural tendency to eclipse Sun and hide the effulgence of Sun is extreme darkness. This is no wonder that in Rahu-Kala, not only gathering knowledge is next to impossible; but also one is tend to make wrong decisions (shown by the enmity towards “dhi” karaka Jupiter).

Excerpts from Varga Chakra (Siddamsa by Sarajit Poddar)

Education & Planets

THE SUN
Knowledge of Gita and Vedanta. Inclination towards political science and related subjects

The Sun is the source of knowledge and hence can confer the highest knowledge, the knowledge of Gita and Vedanta. Maharshi Jaimini says Sun also indicate social.

Sun being the Raja yoga karaka, it confers the knowledge of political science and related subjects. Sun gives vitality to otherwise inert world and hence it can confer knowledge of things, which is linked to vitality such as Medicine etc.

Sun is the leader among all the planets and hence all of them rotate around the Sun. Thus sun governs Diplomacy, Arbitration, and Leadership etc.

Among metals Sun rules gold and hence it gives the knowledge of Gold jewellery and Bullion.

Sun has the fire of tapas and hence can indicate Meditation or related discipline of mind control. As the Sun rules rhythm it confers the knowledge of Musician and Instrumentalist. It also gives the knowledge regarding wool, Grass.

Quotes from Jaimini Sutras:
1. The Sun in swamsa makes the native a keen government/political worker and good at social service.

2. The Sun in the 1st/ 5th gives knowledge of the Vedas and the Bhagvat Gita.

(a) There are six systems of Indian philosophy including Vaisheshika, Nyaya, Sankhya, Yoga, Purva Mimamsa and Vedanta. The Vedas refer to the four primary texts of Hinduism namely the Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva Veda while the Vedanta includes the various Upanishads culminating in the Bhagvat Gita of Sri Krishna.

(b) Parasara adds that Sun in the fifth gives knowledge of music & vedanta.


THE MOON
Anything to do with food and Dairy products.

Moon is the karaka for mind and hence indicates disciplines such as Psychology, psychoanalysis or any studies related to Mind. Being the giver of food and the prime sustainer in this world it shows disciplines which is related to food products such as hotel management, catering, bakery, confectionery or dairy products and also clothes. It is a watery planet and hence shows knowledge related to water such as ship, sailing, laundry, liquor, and pearl or other sea products. As the key sustainer it shows studies related to agriculture or horticulture.

Being the karaka of mind and imagination it signifies Humour (Cartoonist), Poetry, singing or such works, which brings one to highlight in public forum. Here we should remember that Moon is also the bestower of fame. This is because fame comes due to the influence on the mind of the public, which is signified by Moon.

Moon is also the karaka for mother and hence is very caring. All such disciplines such as Nursing and house keeping, baby sitting which deals with caring for someone is ruled by Moon. Moon also signifies bureaucracy and social service.

Quotes from Jaimini Sutras
The Moon in the 1st/5th gives knowledge of the Samkhya and yoga philosophies besides history (rhetorics & music) or produces a singer and can make one a good author


MARS
Engineering or such technical disciplines, logic

Mars is a fiery planet and by nature is a Kshatriya. The ability governed by Mars is that of logical and analytical reasoning. It shows the ability to break down a complex problem into smaller parts and then finding the solution based on that. This why it rules the disciplines such as engineering or such technical disciplines, which is based on logic and analytical reasoning. Being a fiery planet and a Kshatriya it signifies studies or disciplines involving fire, feats of valour, military studies etc.

Mars also governs the land and metal, and hence gives the knowledge of metallurgy, mineral, building construction etc.

Being a fiery planet, Mars can also give the knowledge of Jyotisha. When it joins Jupiter is generates the fruitful Guru-Mangala yoga which confers the native the highest knowledge of Jyotisha as both planet show amalgamation of intuition and logical reasoning.

Quotes from Jaimini Sutras:
1. Mars in svamsa gives expertise in metallurgy or in arms and warfare or in matters related to fire.

2. A logician is indicated by Mars in the 1st/ 5th. Parasara adds legal knowledge and jurisprudence (Pt. Sanjay Rath)


MERCURY
Mercury’s karakatwa is communication and speech and hence it governs Communication through electronic such as telephone or through other media such as news such as journalism and reporting, posts, documentary filmmaking. As books is one of the medium of communication he governs disciplines such as Library science, books writing, authorship, knowledge of literature and linguistics, publication, printing, stationery, documentation, teaching, accountancy, clerical studies such as stenography.

Being the governor of speech it shows Language related studies and Interpretation. This is why Mercury also governs Mantras and astrology. He also governs trade and commerce, thus it confers the knowledge of the same.

Among all things Mercury also governs mental dexterity, which means how fast we can frame and express our thought process into different medium (Language is one among them). Thus it also shows disciplines, which show the expression of the thinking process such as Mathematician, Poet, Artist, Sculptor, Writer etc.

Quotes from Jaimini Sutras:
1. Mercury in Swamsa gives business acumen and produces a skilled trader or a weaver, sculptor or one well versed in social and legal norms.

2. Mercury instead (of Jupiter or Venus in the 1st/ 5th houses) also indicates an author, but with even lesser capability. The number of natural benefics in the Swamsa or 5th house will determine the capabilities of the author. The presence of the Moon (Mind) is the primary factor Jupiter, Venus & Mercury give writing abilities, but in a decreasing order.

3. ‘Mimamsa’ is one of the six systems of Indian Philosophy. Mercury in the 1st/5th from the swamsa indicates a mimamsaka or involvement in interpretation of text/available literature etc.


JUPITER
This planet represents the divine disciplines such as Sanskrit, Vedas and Shastras, Finance related subjects, high level strategy.

Jupiter is foremost of among giver of the knowledge of Apara vidya. The knowledge, which is never destroyed in the cosmic cycle of birth and death. He is the Devaguru and hence the bestower of the supreme and divine knowledge of Vedas and shastra (Scriptures). He governs the divine languages such as Sanskrit and divine disciplines such as Jyotish or the Discipline of Light.

Being a karaka for wealth or dhana karaka, Jupiter Governs the Finance related subjects such as financial management, banking, Economics etc.

Jupiter rules the Dhi. Dhi is the principle, which differentiates us from animals. Dhi is the power of discrimination through knowledge. That is why Jupiter gives very high knowledge of Philosophy. Jupiter governs the disciplines of high-level strategy like Business Strategy, Strategies of War, Growth strategies of nations etc, as they require high-level thinking. Hence, he signifies those disciplines, which lead to consultants, advisors, counsellors, scientist, and Philosopher.

Jupiter shows the direction of life trough the knowledge it confers and hence all the disciplines, which is directing towards showing the right path such as Journalist, Judges, Lawyer, Psychologist, Psychoanalyst, Teacher, Preacher etc. are governed by Jupiter

Quotes from Jaimini Sutras
1. Jupiter in svamsa makes a karmayogi who will excel in any field due to his intelligence or one interested in philosophy and religious or a priest.

2. An excellent author is indicated by the presence of Moon & Jupiter in svamsa or the fifth there from.

3. Jupiter indicate a grammarian, knowledge of religious scriptures (like Vedas, Bible, Quoran etc) and a philosopher & Vendantist.

4. Jupiter joining/aspecting the above planets in the 1st/ 5th will give all around knowledge, both traditional and modern and proficiency in at least one branch.


VENUS
Knowledge of Shastras, Knowledge of beauty products such as garments, perfumes etc, various forms of Arts, Private sector and management skills, eye for detail.

Venus is the Guru of the Asura and very knowledgeable and hence can confer the knowledge of Shastras. It can make one a author and as Jaimini says he is conferred the knowledge of poetry and makes the native a eloquent speaker and knowledgeable critic. However unlike Jupiter, the knowledge is mostly useful for living a good life in this world.

Venus signifies all the materials of luxury and hence can confer the knowledge of beauty products such as garments, perfumes etc. Venus rules all the forms of art as this can be used for attracting others. Thus various forms of Arts and studies on music, acting, theatre and cinema, singing, dancing, poetry, drama, fashion designing, beautician or working with beauty products Apparel and textiles, and interior decoration are signified by Venus.

Venus rules the real world strategies and hence signify the knowledge of private sector and rules the operation level management skills. Venus also signifies an eye for detail.

As the significator of luxury Venus also rules the knowledge of precious stones and precious metals etc. Being the significator of Vehicles, it signifies elephant, horses, and conveyances. The combination of Moon and Venus can signify sailing or navigation.

Quotes from Jaimini Sutras:
1. The aspect of Venus (on the Moon in the fourth) will surely produces a sailor/navigator.

2. The full Moon and Venus is svamsa give all luxuries of life and an educationist is produced.

3. Venus in svamsa indicates a government or political official or a passionate person who virile up to a hundred years.

4. Venus instead (or Jupiter in the 1st/ 5th house) also indicates an author, but of lesser capability.

5. Venus in svamsa or 5th indicates a poet, an eloquent speaker or a knowledge critic.


SATURN
Tradition studies or studies belonging to traditions; Jupiter & Saturn give Brahma Yoga (Yoga granting Knowledge from Tradition).

Saturn is a great teacher. It teaches through punishment and making one realise the purpose of life. Hence, it signifies philosophy and spiritualism. Saturn is very old and is orthodox and thus it signifies knowledge passing down from tradition. The deity of Saturn is Brahma who is the creator of this world in the form of Prajapati. Thus Saturn signifies the knowledge of creation. When coupled with devaguru Brhaspati, it generates fruitful Brahma yoga which grants the fine knowledge of creation and also shows passing down of knowledge from tradition through a Guru (Jupiter)

Saturn rules the minerals which are extracted from the earth and hence signify all fuels including coal, petrol, mining of these fuels, minerals and metals.

Saturn rules the excretory system in the human body whose prime responsibility is to clean the system from any poison or garbage and hence all such disciplines which is related to cleaning of a place or thing such as, drainage system, plumbing, garbage collection and disposal etc. is signified by Saturn.

Saturn is a hard worker and signify heavy labour or the studies/ knowledge related to that such as agriculture, carpentry, blacksmith, artisan, mechanic, handy craft, factory etc

Saturn is extremely cold. This is borne out of the fact that it rules two signs of the zodiac, which corresponds to winter or extreme cold. Thus it signify Ice manufacturing, Refrigeration and preservation.


RAHU
Big Machines, Big bombs such as atomic and nuclear bombs etc, espionage, abstract mathematician.

Quotes from Jaimini Sutras:
Rahu in svamsa produces a bowman or a thief. He may earn by dacoity or by cheating or he maybe capable of handling very poisonous and dangerous chemicals, medicines etc or an expert in metals/manufacturing activities.

As Maharishi Jaimini says Rahu shows research studies and mathematics. Rahu can give knowledge on big machines, their manufacture and trade; big bombs such as atomic and nuclear bombs.

It also signify and can signify studies or knowledge on imports (as opposite to Ketu who signify exports), secret societies, working with leather goods, mining (sanivat Rahu, like Saturn, Rahu also rules mining), wealth or minerals extracted from below the ground. It also signify poisonous substances including drugs etc.

Rahu signify the crime of every form.


KETU
High precision machines such as watches and computers, mathematicians, statistician or an astrologer

Quotes from Jaimini Sutras:
1. Ketu in svamsa indicates one who will earn through elephants or maybe a thief or a swindler.

2. Ketu in the 1st/ 5th gives mathematical ability. This is important for astrology as well. Rahu indicates capability for research and mathematics.

Maharishi Jaimini says that Ketu indicate making or the knowledge of watches. In the modern context this can be extended to the knowledge of high precision machines such as watches, computers etc. Ketu also gives the knowledge of mathematics, statistics and astrology.

Ketu also signify exports, counter-espionage, terrorism, spiritualism, animal and elephant trading/ riding and dealing with bone, ivory, horn or similar articles.

Excerpts from Varga Chakra (Siddhamsa by Sarajit Poddar)

OM TAT SAT

Functional Nature of Planets II: Aries & Taurus Lagna

INTRODUCTION:
In the previous article I mentioned the effect of different lordship in a horoscope. In this article I shall venture into the functional nature of different planets for each Lagna based on the principles mentioned in the previous article Functional Nature of Planet I.


ARIES LAGNA
 Even though Mars is the Lord of Eighth, he will be helpful to auspicious Planets:

For Aries, Mars is the Lagna lord and the eighth lord (randhresha). In sloka 6, Maharishi says that if the Eighth lord owns any Trisadayas (3/6/11) it becomes evil however if its own a Trikona it gives auspicious results. Here the other lordship of the Eighth lord is a Trikona and thus it gives auspicious results.


 Saturn, Mercury and Venus are malefics.

Saturn: Saturn is the lord of the 10th and 11th house. Even though the lordship of 10th house diminishes the maleficence of Saturn, however Maharishi says in the sloka 14 that a malefic, owning a Kendra becomes auspicious only when it simultaneously Lords over a Kona. Mere ownership of a Kendra doesn’t make a malefic an auspicious planet, although it reduces its maleficence to some extent. Thus the evil lordship of a Trisadaya shall dominate over the Kendra lordship and make Saturn an evil planet for this Lagna.

Mercury: Mercury owns two Trisadaya houses, the 3rd and 6th and hence the strongest evil planet for this Lagna.

Venus: Venus is the 2nd and the Kendra lord. Now Venus is suffering from the Kendradhipatya dosha and hence cannot be auspicious for the Lagna unless it owns a Kona too or associates with a Kona lord. Moreover its lordship of neutral 2nd house is not of much avail as it will give the results of the ownership of other house, the 7th. However as compared to other planet, it is least evil or inauspicious, even if it is a maraka being the lord of two maraka houses.


 Auspicious are Jupiter and Sun.

Jupiter: Jupiter lords the 9th and the 12th sign. Being the 9th lord, it is very auspicious. Now the 12th lord is by nature a neutral and for them all depends on the lordship of other houses. Thus Jupiter is an auspicious planet for the Lagna.

Sun: Sun lords the trine and such trinal lordship is auspicious, making the Sun an auspicious planet for the native of Aries Lagna.


 The mere conjunction of Saturn with Jupiter will not produce auspicious effects.

One would have expected a powerful dharmakarmadhipati yoga making high status to the native as mentioned in the slokas 11 and 12, however this doesn’t happen here by the conjunction of the 9th lord Jupiter and 10th lord Saturn. Now why is it so?

When we examine carefully, Maharishi says in sloka 15 that, If the Lords of a Kendra, or a Kona own simultaneously an evil Bhava, he does not cause a Raja Yoga by mere relations mentioned in the sloka 11 (on association of Kendra and Kona lords). Here Saturn owns an evil bhava, namely the eleventh. Thus, even if it owns a Kendra, its association with the Kona lord, Jupiter doesn’t manifest the Rajayoga.


 If Jupiter is at the disposal of a malefic, he will surely give inauspicious results.

Being the 12th lord, it can be influenced by other planets, thus under the influence of benefics, it will give auspicious results whereas under the influence of a malefic the results are quite inauspicious.


 Venus is a direct (independent) killer.

In the Marakadhyaya (Ch 44), Maharishi mentions the different grahas that can act as the marakesh, the predominant among them are the 2nd and the 7th lord. Here, Venus is the lords of both the maraka sthanas and hence thus can kill independently and need not be associated with any of the marakesh (killer) to bring death to the native.


 Saturn etc. will also inflict death, if associated with an adverse Graha (Venus).

In the sloka 9 of the Marakadhyaya, Maharishi says that if Saturn is ill-disposed and related to a Maraka Graha, he will be the first to kill in preference to other Grahas. Thus if Saturn joins Venus, its periods (Dasa/ Antar) can bring about death.


RAMANUJACHARYA (BHAVARTHA RATNAKARA)
 A Sun-Moon combination confers Rajayoga
 Venus is a maraka
 Jupiter becomes a maraka if he occupies Capricorn
 A Jupiter-Saturn association doesn’t confer a Rajayoga
 An Aries native will have fear of diseases (especially smallpox), weapons and injuries
 If Mars conjoins Mercury, death by brain disease occurs in his dasa and bhuktis
 This is the only Lagna where it’s great if the 2nd lord is in the 12th; this isn’t the case with any other Lagna.
 A Mars-Venus combination can be both favorable and fatal.
 Mars, when conjoined with Jupiter and Venus in Taurus, becomes a Yogakaraka. If however, the combination occurs in Gemini, there isn’t any yoga.
 If Mars conjoins Jupiter in Cancer, he becomes a Yogakaraka.
 Mars will prove a benefic during his dasa if he’s in Leo.
 Jupiter in Aquarius won’t automatically give good results in his dasa
 A Mercury-Mars combination in Virgo gives the native skin diseases, eruptions and wounds
 The native will possess self-earned wealth if Mars and Venus are in Libra.
 Mars, if in conjunction with Sun and Venus in Scorpio, will confer some fame
 There’s a special yoga produced when Mars, Sun and Jupiter are in Sagittarius, with Venus and Saturn in Libra
 Venus confers a Rajayoga if he’s in Lagna with the Sun and unaspected by Jupiter.
 Sun will become a Yogakaraka when aspected by Jupiter; the same can’t be said for Venus when she’s aspected by Jupiter
 A Sun-Mercury-Venus combination in Aquarius is a fortunate combination, with all three conferring riches during their dasas and bhuktis
 When Sun is in Lagna and Moon in Cancer, the native enjoys a Rajayoga
 A Sun-Jupiter-Venus combination in Capricorn helps the native enjoy dips in holy rivers like the Ganga


TAURUS LAGNA
 Jupiter, Venus and Moon are malefics.

Jupiter: Jupiter lords the 8th and the 11th house. The nature of the 8th lord is dependent on the nature of the lordship over the other house by the planet. Now 11th lordship is no doubt evil as it’s a Trisadaya. Thus Jupiter becomes an inauspicious planet for the Taurus Lagna.

Venus: Venus is the Lagna lord and generally we wouldn’t think of the Lagna becoming a malefic. However, Venus also lords the 6th a, Trisadaya (evil house) and that will take predominance and give inauspicious results, even if it own a Kendra/ Kona vide sloka 15, implied.

Moon: Moon is the lord of another evil bhava (Trisadaya), namely 3rd and shall give inauspicious results for this Lagna.


 Saturn and Sun are auspicious. Saturn will cause Raja Yoga.

Saturn: Saturn is a distinct Yogakaraka for the natives of this Lagna as it lord the 9th and 10th houses.

Sun: Sun is the lord of 4th bhava and loses its maleficence being a Kendra lord and also doesn’t own an evil bhava and hence it shall be auspicious for this Lagna.


 Mercury is somewhat inauspicious.
Mercury is the lord of the 2nd and 5th house. The lordship of maraka sthana cause some blemish to mercury, however being the lord of the 5th house it is auspicious.


 Jupiter’s group (Jupiter, Moon and Venus) and Mars will inflict death.


RAMANUJACHARYA (BHAVARTHA RATNAKARA)
 Neither is Saturn a Yogakaraka, nor do Sun and Mercury confer any fortunes if they’re in Lagna
 If there’s a Mars-Jupiter combination in Capricorn or Rahu is in Aquarius, the native enjoy dips in holy rivers like the Ganga
 Moon is capable of producing a yoga when posited in Leo and aspected by either Jupiter or Mercury
 Mars, when in 7th, is a benefic. If Sun and Jupiter are conjoined in Pisces, long life is indicated
 A Jupiter-Mercury association causes dhana yoga
 The above dhana yoga is destroyed if either planet is aspected by Mars
 There will be debts during Mercury’s dasa if there’s an association between Mars, Jupiter and Mercury
 Jupiter’s dasa will give mixed results whereas Mars’ dasa gives wealth. If Mercury is in a quadrant, the native is blessed with happiness during its dasa
 If Mercury and Venus are in lagna and Jupiter is in Scorpio, Mercury dasa will be fortunate
 If Mars and Venus are in lagna, and Jupiter is in Capricorn, both Mercury’s and Jupiter’s dasas will be fortunate
 If Saturn, Mercury and Mars are in Capricorn, and Rahu in Pisces, the native enjoy dips in holy rivers like the Ganga during the dasas of Mars and Rahu
 If Moon and Venus are in Libra, with Jupiter and Mercury in Pisces, Jupiter dasa will cause a dhana yoga
 Lots of wealth are indicated in the Venus dasa
 Moon in lagna isn’t very auspicious, and will afflict other dhana yogas present in the chart
 The native becomes very fortunate if Moon is in the lagna of any sign other than Taurus

Functional Nature of Planets I

INTRODUCTION
We all know that the results and influences attributed to a planet is an amalgamation of variety of factors such as its natural nature, the houses it owns, the house/ sign it in which it is placed in, different yogas the planet is involved in etc. Comprehensive judgement of a horosocope require a Jyotisha to consider all the factors before pronouncing any judgement. Hence understanding each of these factors becomes very important. Two of the factors which form the foundation of any interpretation are the Natural (Naisargika) and Functional (Karaka/ Akaraka) nature of a planet. It is important to note that where Natural nature is important in finding out the influence of the planets on the nature (behavious, skills, attitude) of the person, the functional nature can be used to find the different situations the person shall be faced with during his life time. However, one must not take such a simplistic approach in Horoscopic Interpretation and understand that what is given below are only the cues to interpretation. Only with Patience, Practice and Guru's blessings, one can master the divine discipline of Jyotisha. Following rules have been taken from the Chapter 34, Yogakarakadhyaya of Brhat Parasara Hora Shastram and shall help us in increasing our understanding of the functional nature of planets.


FUNCTIONAL NATURE
1. Natural Benefics lording the Kendras (Quadrant) do not bestow Benefic/ auspicious (Shubha Yoga) Results and Natural Malefics owning the Kendras do not bestow Malefic/ inauspicious (Ashubha Yoga) results on the native. (BPHS 34.2.)

The Natural Benefics are Jupiter, Mercury, Venus and Moon and the natural malefics are Saturn, Rahu, Mars, Sun. In this verse Maharishi Parashara says that the benefic planets looses their beneficence and Malefic planets loses their maleficence if they lord Kendras. However, one must not interpret this by making the Benefics, Malefics and the Malefics, Benefics. What the verse mean is that the benefics lose some part of their Beneficence, however, they still remain benefic but with lesser capability to give auspiciousness/ material benefits (yoga). Similarly, the malefics shall lose their maleficence, however they shall still remain mild malefics and shall not confer auspiciousness (yoga). In the verse 14, Maharishi Parashara that Malefics, only when simultaneously own a Trikona (Trine), becomes Yogakaraka and confer auspiciousness/ material benefits (shubha yoga)

2. The Lord of a Trikona (Trine) shall always give auspicious results. The Lord of Lagna is specially auspicious, as Lagna is both a Kendra as well as a Trikona. Fifth and Ninth are specially for wealth, while Seventh and Tenth are specially for happiness. The Trishadaya (3/6/11) lords shall give inauspicious/ malefic results. (BPHS 34.3, 34.4).

Trikonas are the houses of Lakshmi and the Kendras are the house of Vishnu. While Vishnu sustains, Lakshmi, gives the malerial benefics (money/ power/ fame etc.) in this world. There are four trikonas in a horoscope, each one is pivoted to one of the four kendras. They are Dharma Trikona (1/5/9) pivoted to Lagna; Artha Trikona (2/6/10), pivoted to Tenth house or Karma Bhava; Kama Trikona (3/7/11) pivoted to 7th house and the Moksha Trikona (4/8/12) pivoted to the Fourth House or Sukha Bhava. The four Kendras show the four Ayanas/ Purusharthas or Direction or Goal of human life and govened by Vishnu, the deity who upholds the Dharma. As Lakhmi, the consort of Vishnu, follows him, similarly the Trines follow the four kendras. For sustain in this world at any time, everyone must follow one of the ayana, which shall define the goal the person shall be striving for. This also means that the person who is aware of his goals shall be happy as kendras shows the happiness.


3. The auspiciousness or inauspiciousness of the Twelfth, Second and the Eighth lords shall depend on their association. The comparative strength of these three lords are in the ascending order of Twelfth, Second and the Eighth. Eighth Lord is specifically not auspicious, as he owns the 12th from Ninth house of Dharma. If the Lord of Randhr Bhava simultaneously owns the Trishadayas (3/6/11), he will prove specifically inauspicious, while his simultaneous ownership of a Trikona will bestow auspicious effects. (BPHS 34.5, 34.6)

4. The Planet, owning a predominant house, will stall the effects, due to another, owning a less significant house and will give his own results. Eighth lordship of the Sun and the Moon is not inauspicious (BPHS 34.7)

Natural strength of houses has been mentioned in books like Laghu Parasari etc. The Kendras, in the descending order of 10th, 7th, 4th and 1st are stronger than the Trisadayas in the descending order 11th, 6th, 3rd. The Trisadayas are stronger than the Trikonas, in the descending order 9th and 5th (the ascendant is predominantly a Kendra and then a Trikona). The 12th & 2nd houses have no strength of their own and depend on the other house lordship of their owner. The eighth house is always evil and is never stronger than the ascendant. Thus on the basis of lordship the planets can be placed in the following ascending order of natural strength (influence) in the chart: - 2nd , 12th , 5th, 9th, 3rd, 6th, 11th, 8th, 1st, 4th, 7th & 10th house lord. It is evident that the tenth lord is the most influential planet in the chart as the tenth house is the most potent house for any planet to be placed. This fact should be borne in mind while analyzing Rajayoga and Duryoga (Kendra/ Trikona Lord in dusthana) i.e. combinations for prosperity and penury. (Pt. Sanjay Rath)

NATURAL BENEFICS AND MALEFICS
Jupiter and Venus are natural benefics, while Moon is mediocre in beneficence and Mercury is neutral (its nature depends on association). In beneficence, strong (in paksha bala) Moon, Mercury, Jupiter and Venus are stronger in the ascending order. This means that the when they shall own a kendra (kendradhipatya dosa), the effect shall be according to that order i.e., Moon gets more affected than Mercury and so on. The Sun, Saturn and Mars are natural malefics. However, in maleficence Weak (in paksha bala) Moon, Sun, Saturn and Mars are stronger in the ascending order. (BPHS 34.8-34.10).

YOGAKARAKAS
1. If there be an exchange between a Lord of a Kendra and that of a Trikona, or, if a Lord of a Kendra is conjoined with a Lord of a Trikona in a Kendra, or in a Trikona, or, if a Lord of a Trikona is in a Kendra, or vice versa, or, if there happens to be a full Drishti between a Lord of a Kendra and a Lord of a Trikona, they cause a Yoga. One born in such a Yoga will become a king and be famous. (BPHS 34.11-34.12)

The conditions given by Maharishi Parashar in verses 11 & 12 of BPHS for yogakarakas are:
i. Exchange between the Kendra and Trikona Lords.
ii. Kendra lord cojoins a Trikona lord either in a Kendra or in Trikona.
iii. Kendra lord placed in a Trikona or Tikona Lord placed in a Kendra.
iv. Kendra and Trikona lords having mutual aspect (graha drsti).

Here the maharishi have clearly spelled out the conditions of the rajayoga, however in the subsequent stanzas we shall see the conditions which can break such yoga formed by association of a kendra and trikona lord. More to this, we must remember that if a kendra lord is placed in a dusthana, it shall cause duryoga (inauspicious combination), however if it conjoins a Trikona lord then it becomes capable of granting yoga (auspiciousness), however related to the dusthana.

In verse 15, Maharishi says that if the lord of the kendra or trikona simultaneously own the trishadayas (the evil houses 3/6/11), then the mere association of the kendra or trikona lord shall not give yoga. This is an important condition and one must keep in mind while interpreting the yogakarakas in a horoscope.

In verse 13, Maharishi gives the condition for a planet becoming suo-moto yogakaraka, whereby he says that if a planet owns both kendra and trikona, then he becomes suo-moto yogakaraka and can give yoga (auspicious results) without associating with other kendra/ trikona lords. However, we must see the association of the trisadaya lords as mentioned in the 15th verse, before pronouncing the results.

2. NODES AND YOGA KARAKAS: Both the nodes Rahu and Ketu give their effects, based on their conjunction with a house Lord or their. If they are in Kendra conjoining or aspected by kendra/ trikona lords it will become Yog Karak. (BPHS 34.16-34.17)

Nodes are shadowy planet and give results based on their association or placements. If they are conjoined with Yogakaras or are aspected by them, they shall confer rajayoga. However, due to the conjunction, the yogakaraka itself might suffer and give bad results in its periods.

We might also consider the lordship of Rahu ketu in finding out their functional nature. For this purpose, we need to consider Rahu as the lord of Aquarius and Ketu as the lord of Scorpio. However, this requires experimentation as this is not specifically mentioned by the Maharishi.

PT. SANJAY RATH'S COMMENT ON THE SUBJECT
Kendradhipati dosa or the negative effect of the ownership of quadrants by natural benefic planets implies reduction in their beneficence. The benefic owner of a quadrant is still a benefic and does not become a malefic. Similarly, a malefic planet owning a quadrant will not remain a malefic and that does not imply that the malefic
becomes a benefic. This loss of beneficence of a benefic lord of quadrant is called Kendradhipati dosa. This flaw is annulled if the planet is also well placed in a quadrant or trine.

Similarly, a malefic planet owning a quadrant sheds its malfeasance and will give very good results if placed in an evil house. If instead, the planet is placed in a quadrant or trine, the loss of malfeasance may not occur fully. For example if Saturn is the lord of the 10th house for Taurus ascendant, its placement in the 12th house in debility will give excellent results like power, position and a good career. If the malefic is also the lord of a trine in addition to its ownership of a quadrant, then it becomes a yogakäraka producing auspicious results.

Yogakaraka means capability for producing auspicious results. The lord of the ascendant is the natural yogakaraka in any chart as it the first house is a quadrant and a trine. The lords of trines (5th & 9th houses) are important for wealth and sustenance while the lords of the 4th, 7th & 10th contribute to the happiness.

The 1st, 10th, 7th & 4th houses/ lords represent the four ayana (goals of life) called Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha (Readers may refer to the Bhagavat Gita for a detailed explanation of these goals). Yoga has been loosely interpreted as Union/association and in astrology this implies conjunction, mutual aspect or exchange of signs. A
weaker yoga is caused by one planet aspecting the house of the other and vice-versa or by an exchange of constellation called sukshma yoga. The association of the lord of a quadrant with the lord of a trine results in Rajayoga producing auspicious results. For example, if the tenth lord associates with the ninth lord Dharma-karma-adhipati yoga results. This is the highest karma yoga. Another form of this yoga is theassociation of the lord of the tenth house with the lord of the fifth house. Gyana yoga (that leads to moksha) is caused by the association of the lord of the fourth house with the lord of a trine. This yoga gives great learning and knowledge.

Subha yoga or good results are produced by the placement of the lord of a quadrant in a trine. Duryoga or inauspicious results are produced by the placement of the lord of a quadrant in a dusthäna (evil house). However, the duryoga is modified if it associates with the lord of a trine.

Rajabhanga yoga is caused by the association of the lord of a quadrant with the lord of a dusthana in an evil house. If instead, they associate in a quadrant, Viparita Räjayoga occurs.

Tuesday, June 29, 2004

The Principles of Naming

INTRODUCTION
Name is the result of the first tangible result which the eternal soul attains with human birth in the world of Maya. This gives us the identity and individuality. Whenever anyone calls with that name, it fills up his mind with some very unique perceptions regarding our selves. The perceptions are very subjective and very unique and the persons near us interact with us in a very specific way. This is a common occurrence that, a person might have more than one name in the home, among friends and in his work circle. This is seen that the way the people or the world behaves considerably change with the name.

Now we wouldn’t have bothered much if the name would only defined our unique images in the mind of the person, interacting with us, however, it is not limited to that. The results we accrue in the society is the results of all those numerous interactions which we have within it. Thus it is very important to know our own name is in store for us. This knowledge shall also empower us to change our name if necessary, to make the vibrations of the name positive in our life. We can keep the name of a new born not on an arbitrary basis but on well grounded principle of Jyotish, so that their life can be fruitful and prosperous.

Even if you don’t believe in this, which seems superstitious, why not give a honest try and see whether or not it works. There is nothing you lose.


AKSHARAS AND NAKSHATRAS
The entire gamut of Aksharas is divided into the 28 Nakshatras or asterisms. Each Nakshatra is of four padas, each pada is assigned to an akshara. The duration of each pada is 3d 20m, however this is a bit different in the case of Uttarashadha and Sravana. The duration of Uttarashadha is divided into four parts and the first three padas are assigned to Uttarashadha, which makes the duration of Uttarashadha to be 10deg with each pada to be 2d 30m. The remaining one pada of Uttarashadha is assigned to Abhijit, the intercalary nakshatra. Similarly beginning 1/15th part of Sravana is given to Abhijit, making its total length to be 253.33 min, i.e., 4d 13m 20s. The remaining 14/15th part of Sravana is assigned to the four padas of Sravana, making the total duration of Sravana to be 12d 26m 40s.

Figure 1: Nakshatra and Aksharas


RASI AND AKSHARAS
The aksharas are assigned to the different rasis of the zodiac based on the assignment of the Nakshatra padas to the Rasi. Each rasi consists of 9 nakshatra padas and hence nine aksharas are assigned to each rasi, Makara being an exception, because of assignment of four extra pada of intercalary nakshatra Abhijit.

Figure 2: Rasi and Aksharas


MEANING OF AKSHARAS
Whenever a particular sound is uttered, it has a very peculiar and specific influence on us at various levels, physical, mental and spiritual. Thus this is very important to understand, what each of the sound signified by the various aksharas of Sanskrit signify. This shall help us know, what kind of influences we like to draw to the native when his name is called by others. Thus when a particular akshara is picked for the native’s name, it should be based on a well understood principle and not on a random manner.

The following table shows the meaning of each of the aksharas of the divine language, Sanskrit and help us in deciding what aksharas we need to chose for a name to heighten some particular influences of planet and the aksharas themselves.

The Maharishis of the yore have found through their intuition, the aksharas, which symbolises the different influences of the universe, control the power centres of the body, called the charkas. These charkas are placed along the length of the Spinal column and control various parts of the body and various aspects of our personality through the nerves spreading through out the body carrying the messages of the Brain or our thoughts. When an akshara is pronounced repeatedly, it heightens the influences of these charkas, which bring with them, myriads of effect, most of which act at a very subtle level and can hardly be objectively felt. More can be found in the literature on the Kundalini Yoga.

Figure 3: Katapayaadi Varga- Vowels
 
Figure 4: Katapayaadi Varga- Consonents


STEPTS IN FINDING OUT THE RASI, WHERE THE NAME HAS STRONG INFLUENCE:
I. Write the word of the stanza in Devanagari script and remove the “matras” and incomplete/half letters.

II. The numerical value of the remaining letters should be written sequentially. If the name starts with “0”, it must not be ignored.

III. The number so obtained should be reversed.

IV. Divide this reversed number by 12. The reminder shall show the rasi ruled by the name. If the reminder obtained is “0”, then 12 becomes the reminder. The remainder when counted from Aries gives the sign on which the name has predominant influence.

The Rasi so obtained becomes the nama Arudha of the person and shows how is he perceived by those who calls him by a particular name. This can be judged when we see how the different planets are placed from the nama arudha and find out the influences of the conjunctions, aspects etc.

The Moon is the sustainer of the Arudha and when Moon is placed in the trines or 12th from the Nama Arudha, the native gains from the name. However, Moon should never be placed in the 8th from the Arudha. Such placement of Moon is called Chandrastama and is very damaging to the Arudha, which shows that the native shall get into troubles, trial and tribulations, if such things happen in his horoscope.

V. Divide the reversed no. by 9. The reminder so obtained shall show the predominating planet influencing the name.

1- Sun, 2- Moon, 3- Jupiter, 4- Rahu, 5- Merc, 6- Venus, 7- Ketu, 8- Saturn, 9- Mars


ILLUSTRATION
Let’s find the Rasi obtained by the name Sanjaya
I. Write the word of the stanza in Devanagari script and remove the “matras” and incomplete/half letters.

The name Sanjaya is made up of three phonemes namely Sa, nja, and ya. However, the 2nd phonemes is a compound akshara (yutkakshara) and hence the half akshara has to be ignored here. Now in a compound akshara or phoneme, the last akshara is the complete one and all others are incomplete and hence we always need to consider the last one in case of these compound aksharas, which happens to be “ja” in this case.


II. The numerical value of the remaining letters should be written sequentially. If the name starts with “0”, it must not be ignored.

The numerical value of each of these aksharas are sa- 7, ja- 8 and ya- 1. Thus 781 is the no. signified by the name Sanjaya.

III. The number so obtained should be reversed.

The reversed no. is 187

IV. Divide this reversed number by 12. The reminder shall show the rasi ruled by the name. If the reminder obtained is “0”, then 12 becomes the reminder. The remainder when counted from Aries gives the sign on which the name has predominant influence.

The reminder obtained when the number 187 is divided by 12 is 7. The Rasi signified by No. 7 when counted from Aries is Libra.

V. Divide the reversed no. by 9. The reminder so obtained shall show the predominating planet influencing the name.

The reminder obtained when the number 187 is divided by 9 is 7. The planet which rules the name becomes Ketu. Thus the associates with the person, calling him with the name Sanjaya, shall consider him to be a spiritual person, a good mathematician etc., which is indicated by the naisargika nature of the planet. More can be judged from Ketu’s placement in the person’s horoscope, which can moderate the general nature indicated by the planet.


PRINCIPLES OF NAMINIG
The following principles are to be followed while naming a baby or checking the effect of the name on someone.

Principle I:
The name of the child should be based on the most auspicious planet in the chart. If The planet which is the most auspicious and bringer of yoga is chosen, the beneficence of this planet shall always one the native, whenever his/ her name is called. The aksharas of this planet shall be the starting akshara of the native.

Principle II:
Among the aksharas of the most auspicious planet, chose the akshara which is placed in the Kendra/ Trikona from Moon. In case of doubt, chose the akshara of the Moon’s position.

Principle III:
If the Sign, selected by the above process is Chara Rasi (Movable Sign), then two phonemes should be selected. If the Sign is Dwisvabhava (Dual), then select three phonemes name. However, if the sign arrived at is Sthira (fixed), then four phonemes should be selected.

Principle IV:
The Name chosen should have a benefic influence on the native. Thus if the name is related to the name of Ista, then each time the native is called by the name, this would remind him/ her of their Ista Devata and hence would be highly beneficial.

Principle V:
Use Katapayadi Varga system to know the exact influence of the name on the native. This will show how the people around perceive the native.

Principle VI:
Use Achyutayadi Varga system to know the focus of the native in life, when he is surrounded by people, who calls the native with a particular name. (More on this later)


ILLUSTRATION

CASE I: Lord Sri Rama
The name of lord Rama starts with the Akshara “ra”. This is lorded by Moon. In the Horoscope, Moon is very well placed in the Lagna with exalted Jupiter shows that the name shall bring the blessings of the strong Gaja-Keshari yoga in Rama’s life and give him tremendous fame and people would remember him forever.

ra akshara falls in the Taurus Rasi, which is placed in the 11th house from Moon. This is aspected by a strongly placed Moon and Taurus happens to be the exaltation rasi of moon. This shows that the name was protected and Sustained by Moon.

In Katapayadi system, Rama is ra-2, ma- 5, which when reversed and divided by 12 yields 4 as the reminder. When counted from Aries, the Nama-arudha falls in the cancer Rasi. Now this shows that he got the fruits of the Gajakeshari yoga giving him everlasting fame. Now the whole world perceived him a very righteous person and also a very compassionate one.

However, what he got from the world can be seen when we count the reminder from his Lagna. This comes at Libra with exalted and retrograde Saturn. A malefic in the fourth house is very detrimental to the happiness at home and everyone is aware of the troubles and pain, Lord Rama had to pass through to establish dharma in this world.

The name Rama falls in a Movable sign because of the two aksharas or phonemes. In the trine to the Lagna, it falls in the Lagna itself, showing that the focus of the native shall be perfection in Ideals shown by the Lagna. This is no wonder that Rama is popularly known as Purushottama, the best among purusha or human.


CASE II: Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa
 
Ramakrishna Paramahamsa is most popularly known as Ramakrishna only. Like Rama, the initial akshara is lorded by the planet Moon. Moon is placed in the Lagna with Sun and Mercury. Moon in the Lagna expressed his pure love and compassion for the divine mother and its placement with Mercury shows that he often behaved like a child. Repetition of the name made this nature quite pronounced.

The Akshara falls in the Taurus sign, which is in Kendra to Moon, but not the best Kendra as it is placed with a strong malefic. This shows that he faced lots of pain in the life like Lord Sri Rama.

In the Katapayadi scheme, the name can be broken up to Ra- 2, Ma- 5, Ka- 1 (ri is a vowel), Na- 5. The no. 2515 when reversed and divided with 12, gives a reminder of 7, which falls in Libra as counted form Aries. The whole world perceived him as a great devotee of mother goddess Kali (Saturn), some one who is always in pain, being separated from the Mother (separation- Saturn).

Whatever he received from the name can be seen from the counting the reminder from Lagna, which comes to Leo. Leo is aspected by Saturn and Mars, in the 3rd from AL, showing his tremendous amount of suffering in the life.


CASE III: Hitler
 
The initial akshara of the name, i.e., ha is represented by the planet Moon. Moon is under the terrible shakti yoga, destroying the benign Jupiter, which shows his mass pogrom of the Jews. Among other things, the planet of Humanity is not only destroyed by the shakti yoga, but also there is a terrible Guru-Chandala yoga along with the axis. This shows why he made his mission of life to eradicate one complete race.

The Akshara falls in the Karkata (Cancer) rasi. Now Cancer is 8th from the Moon and hence shows that it is not sustained by the natural sustainer Moon. This shows why Hitler faced such difficult times from his childhood. Not only that, his end was quite tragic and terrible, where he had to see all his dreams getting shattered one by one.

According to Katapayadi Varga, the name is broken down as hi-8; Ta-1; la-3; ra-2. This No. when divided by 12 gives a reminder of 2, which comes to Taurus Rasi. Now from Ta, moon is placed in the 8th house, causing chandrastama, which is a terrible thing to happen. This sign also happens to be the 8th house, aspected by Saturn. Now people will remember him as a mysterious character with devious intention (8th house placement from Lagna) and stern behaviour (Saturn’s aspect). As this sign is placed with HL and aspected by GL, this becomes the seat of power and money.

Muhurtha Basics

I. Panchanga is the most important thing to see while looking for the right muhurtha. Panchanga means five parts/ organs of any time and control different elements of time. The panchanga is made up of

(i) Vara- Agni Tattva- shows the life/ longevity of the undertaking. Check how the vara lord placed, this shall indicate the longevity of the event for which the Muhurtha being determined. The Vara should be determined by the horosocope of the main person involved. The day lord should preferably be as per the lord of the house which signifies the muhurtha.

Vara lord should never be a planet squarely opposed to Karaka as per the zodiac sign ownership. Thus Marriage should not happen on Tuesday as Mars is totally opposed to Venus. Mars is Brahmacharya, It is finished when marriage takes place. Merc is opposed to Jup as their signs are opposite. Also Sun is oppsed to Rahu and Moon to Saturn.

Chose the day as per the naisargika (natural) karakatva (significations) of the day lord, such as
-> Start learning Jyotisha or Vedas on a Thursday.
-> First feeding of child should be done on a Monday


(ii) Karana- Prithvi Tattva- This shows the accomplishments/ achievements/ final outcome of the event for which the muhurtha is being determined.

Karana is half of a Tithi. Thus a lunar month which consists of thirty tithis, have 60 Karanas. There are altogether 11 karanas, out of which 7 are movable and 4 are fixed. The fixed Karanas occur only once in a lunar month. They are as follows:

1. Shakuni: 2nd half of Krishna Chaturdasi.
2. Chatuspada: 1st half of Amavasya.
3. Naga: 2nd half of Amavasya.
4. Kimstughna: 1st half of Shukla Pratipad

This shows that nothing should be undertaken between 2nd half of K14 to 1st Half of S01. That's why Gurudev says that these tithes are cursed.

(iii) Nakshatra- Vayu Tattva- This shows different kinds of experiences the person will pass through during the muhurtha. The Nakshatra should not be
a. A bad Nakshatra as per the Navatara Chakra (If the Lagna is stronger, Navatara starts from Moon and if Moon is stronger, the Navatara shall start from Lagna)
b. A Nakshatra which causes Vedha to the Janma Nakshatra

The Vedha Causing Nakshatras to each other is as follows:
* Aswini and Jyeshta;
* Bharani and Anuradha;
* Krittika and Visakha;
* Rohini and Swati;
* Ardra and Sravana
* Punarvasu and Uttar-ashadha;
* Pusayami and Poorv-ashadha;
* Aslesha and Moola;
* Makha and Revati;
* Purva-Phalguni and Uttara-bhadrapada;
* Uttara-Phalguni and Purva-bhadrapada;
* Hasta and Satabhisha,
* Mrigasira, Dhanishta and Chitra

(iv) Tithi- Jala Tattva- Shows the financial prosperity/ difficulties a person shall have during the event. The lord of a tithi is easy to find. The first tithi, Pratipada of both the Paksha is ruled by Sun and all the subsequent tithis are ruled by planets in the order of weekday lords (Sun, Moon, Mars, Merc, Jup, Ven, Sat, Rahu). The 8th Tithi is ruled by Rahu and so also the Amavasya, however the Purnima is ruled by Saturn. Ketu has no lordship over any tithi.

(v) Yoga- Akasha Tattva- Shows how different elements in the event shall be bonded to each other. This shows the nature of relationships between different members involved in the event. Check how well the Yoga Lord placed and also the nature of the Yoga.

II. The Moon should be strongly and well placed in the Muhurtha Chart.

III. The Karaya Bhava (Singnifying house) should be empty. For studies, 4th is the karaka bhava and it should be empty.

IV. The Karaka should be well placed, either in the Lagna or in the Kendra to the Lagna. But, it should not be placed in Karya Bhava. However, it does not apply for 6H / 11H matters i.e in evil matters ( war etc. ) planets in Karya Bhava are good. In addition, Karaka should not be in Marana Karaka Avastha. The houses where the planets becomes marana avastha are:

Sun- 12th
Moon- 8th
Mars- 7th
Mercury- 7th
Jupiter- 3rd
Venus- 6th
Saturn- Lagna
Rahu- 9th
Ketu- Nowhere, as it doesn't have body and hence cannot physically suffer.

IV. There should not be any malefics in the Sukha Trikona (4th/8th/12th). Malefics in the 8th should be avoided in all circumstances.

V. The Malefics should preferably be placed in the Upachayas (3/6/10/11).

VI. Check the Hora and the Kala. The Hora shows the focus of the activity at any time, take both the natural significations and temporal significations of the Hora lord at any time to find the different events likely to happen in that muhurtha. Hora of the 8th house lord and badhakesh from the signification house (of the principle person involved in muhurtha) is prohibited.

Kala represents the atma of the Kalapursha and influence on it shall show the influence of different persons during that muhurtha.

The various directions governed by the planets and the directions of the lord of the kalas as per the Kalachakra is as follows.

Dir. - Dir. Lord -Kala Lord
------------------------------------------
E - Sun - Sun
S.E - Venus - Mars
S - Mars - Jupiter
S.W - Rahu - Mercury
W - Saturn - Venus
N.W - Moon - Saturn
N - Mercury - Moon
N.E - Jupiter - Rahu

One should not start any activity pertaining to a direction lord in the Kala of the corresponding Kala lord. Thus in Rahu Kala, Jupiter's activity is prohibited and in Mars's kala, Venusian activity is prohibited and so on.

The method to find the kala is: The Kala of the Vara lord starts at 6:00 am LMT and thereafter, each 1.5 hours, the kala of the planet rises in the following order: Sun-> Mars-> Jupiter-> Mercury-> Venus-> Saturn-> Moon-> Rahu. From 6:00 "pm" LMT, the kala of the planet, in the fifth from the vara lord starts the sequence repeats in the order given.

VII. Check the Navamsa. Along with the Lagna, the Navamsa Lagna should be well placed in the Muhurtha Chart. The Yoga-karakas in the Rasi Charts should be well placed in the Navamsa Chart.

VIII. Above all, do not ignore the Atmakaraka. The influences on the Atmakaraka shall help deciphering many things that happen in a Muhurtha. Check how the Dharma Devata placed. His blessings shall show how smooth the acitivity undertaken in a muhurtha would be.

IX. Be careful of all the major bad yogas such as Kalasarpa, Sarpa, Pishacha etc.

X. Last but not the least, the Arudha shall be well placed. Moon should not be placed in the 8th from the Arudha Lagna.

XI. Study the Ghataka Chakra in Pt. Sanjay ji's website (www.srath.com). It is very informative on Muhurtha.

Monday, June 28, 2004

Marak Grahas I

INTRODUCTION
In Chapter 44 or BPHS, Parashara describes the maraka grahas who can bring misfortunes and death during their planetary periods (dasas). In verses 2nd to 5th he explains the houses of longevity and death whereby he says, "O Brahmin! Third and Eighth Bhava are the two Bhavas of longevity. The Bhavas, related to death, are the 12th from each of these, i.e. Dhana and Yuvati Bhava are Maraka Bhavas".

PRIMARY MARAKAS
Out of the two maraka bhavas, Dhana Bhava is a powerful Maraka Bhava. Along with it the following are also considered to be Marakas
1. The Lords of Dhana and Yuvati Bhava
2. Malefics in Dhana and Yuvati Bhava
3. Malefics conjoined with Dhana and Yuvati bhava’s Lords (BPHS 44.3)

The major and sub-periods of these Grahas will bring death on the native, depending on whether he is a long life, medium life, or short life person.

SECONDARY MARAKAS
If the none of the dasas of the planets mentioned above is operational during the expected time of death as per the ayurdaya calculations (calculation of age), then the death needs to be seen from the Secondary Marakas. However, while checking the Secondary Marakas, which are given in the order of decreasing maraka power.

1. The Dasha of a benefic Graha, related to twelfth lord.
2. Eighth Lord’s Dasha
3. If none of the above graha's period is running then, the Dasha of a Graha, which is an exclusive malefic, may also cause death (BPHS 44.6 - 44.7)

PREDOMINANT KILLER:
If Saturn is ill-disposed and be related to a Maraka Graha (as mentioned above), he will be the first to kill in preference to other Grahas. (BPHS 44.9)

OTHER FACTORS:
1. There are three kinds of life-spans, viz. short, medium and long. Short life is before 32 years, later on up to 64 it is medium life and from 64 to 100 it is long life. Beyond 100 the longevity is called Purnayu (10-14). Persons falling into these three compartments shall die in specific constellations based on the Navatara shceme of classification of the Nakshatras into three groups. According to Pt. Sanjay Rath, if the Janma Nakshatra is stronger to initiate the vimshottari dasa, then the Navatara chakra is initiated from the Lagna Nakshatra and vice-versa.

i. One born with short life combinations may face death in the Dasha, denoted by Vipat star.
ii. One of medium life may die in the Dasha, denoted by Pratyak star.
iii. one with long life may die in the Dasha, denoted by Vadha star.

The lord of these fateful stars or the planets placed there can bring death or misfortune.

NAVATARA CHAKRA
The Navatara Chakra starts from Lagna Nakshatra if the Vimshottari Dasa is started from Moon and vice versa.
1. Janma Tara- Birth
2. Sampat Tara- Wealth
3. Vipat Tara- Danger
4. Kshema Tara- Well Being
5. Pratyak Tara- Obstacles
6. Saadhana Tara- Achivement
7. Naidhana Tara- Death
8. Mitra Tara- Friend
9. Parama Mitra Tara- Good Friend

2. The Dasha of the Lord of the 22nd Decanate also cause death. The 22nd decante always falls in the 8th house of the decanate chart. The lord of 64th Navamsa from Moon can also bring death/ misery. The 64th Navamsa falls in the 4th house in the Navamsa chart. Thus, check the 4th lord from Moon in the Navamsa Chart. The 23rd Nakshatra from the Janma Nakshatra is called Vainasika Nakshatra. The lord of this constellation or the planets placed in it can cause death or bring misfortune.

3. Death may come to pass in the Dasha of Sixth lord and in the sub-periods of Sixth, Eighth or Twelfth Lords.

RAHU AND KETU AS MARAKAS
1. If Rahu, or Ketu are placed in Lagna, Seventh, Eighth, or Twelfth Bhava, or happen to be in the 7th from a Marakesh, or are placed with such a Graha, they acquire powers of killing in their major, or sub-periods.

2. For one born in Capricorn, or in Scorpio, Rahu will be a Marak. For Capricorn, Rahu becomes the 2nd lord and for Scorpio, it becomes the 4th lord.

3. Should Rahu be in Sixth, Eighth, or Twelfth house, he will give difficulties in his Dasha periods. He will not, however, do so, if Rahu receives a Drishti from, or is conjoined with a benefic. (This is true for all the planets, who when aspected by benefics give beneficial results and tone down their malefic results.)


DEATH Vs. MISERIES
Should there be many Marakas and, if these Marakas are strong, there will be diseases, miseries etc. in major and sub-periods. Thus these are Marakas and are primarily related to bring death upon the native. According to their dispositions there may be death, or difficulties.


RIDER
Longevity Calculation prohibited by Parasara before the native attains 20 years of Age. He says to Maitreya, O excellent of the Brahmin! It is impossible to decide upon longevity till the native is 20 years old. Till such year the child should be protected by sacred recitations, religious offerings (of Ghee/ clarified butter etc.) to consecrated fire, as prescribed in the Vedas and scriptures and through medical treatments; premature death may descend on the child due to sins of father and mother, or of his/her own (in the previous birth). We shall discuss this topic in Conditions of Balarista in another article on the topic.

(TO BE CONTINUED...)

Brahma & Maheswara in Ayur Jyotisha

INTRODUCTION
Brahma and Maheswara are two key concepts in Ayur Jyotisha. We know that in Hindu Pantheon, the Trinity, Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara Create, Protect/ sustain and Annihilate respectively. Thus the concept of Brahma as creater and Maheswara as the liberator are used in some key Ayur Dasas such as Brahma, Sthira, Shoola dasa etc. Though their importance is high, many do not venture into finding them as they turn out to be little complecated. I tried to make this little easire to understand and compute. With hardwork and patience, this can be learnt and applied in Ayur Jyotisha.


BRAHMA
Yagyam is the worship or praise for Prajapati the progenitor. This is the fourth principle of Jyotish and is called Lagna or the ascendant representing the seat of Prajapati the progenitor and the ‘praise worthy one’. He is the (physical) creator of all beings and is a form of Brahma. He is praised with the Gayatri mantra for His excellent service to all creation. (Pt. Sanjay Rath)

One among these six planets (Sun to Venus) will represent Brahma the creator, in the horoscope. Saturn being the Ayus Karaka and having Brahma as his deity[i] cannot represent Brahma. The nodes do not have a physical body and cannot contribute one, besides they are actually demoniacal and have become immortal due to their ‘drinking of the amrita’ clandestinely at the time of the churning of the primordial ocean. (Pt. Sanjay Rath)

Saturn is the deity of Brahma and is the karaka for the Dusthana. Thus the calculation of the Brahma involves finding out the stronger among the three dusthana lords namely, 6th, 8th, 12th lord based on thier placement in odd and visible signs. The predominance of Odd and Visible signs indicate towards the masculine energy and the power to create. If however, the condition of Odd and visible signs are not fulfiled, the Visibility condition is dropped and if even the odd-sign condition fails, the condition gets modified to odd-house placement.

THE 8TH LORDSHIP IS ALWAYS SEEN IN REGULAR ORDER FOR DETERMINATION OF BRAHMA, RUDRA or MAHESWARA AND NOT AS PER THE VRIDDHA'S PRINCIPLE OF EIGHTH HOUSE RECKONING.


STEPS TO IDENTIFY BRAHMA
RIDER: If the lord of the eighth house from the Atmakaraka is placed in the eighth house itself, it disqualifies to be the Maheswara, and instead becomes the Brahma overriding all previous conditions for Brahma determination.

1. Determine the stronger between the lagna and seventh house as per sources of strength and call this dominant satya peetha.

Follow the following steps to determine the stronger of 1st or 7th.
i. The sign aspected by more planets becomes stronger.
ii. The sign placed with exalted or the sign lord becomes stronger.
iii. The sign aspected by the sign lord, Jupiter or Mercury becomes stronger.
iv. The sign whose lord is placed in sign with different oddity becomes stronger. For example if the sign under consideration is Even, and the lord is placed in Odd then it is stronger than if the lord has been placed in the even sign.
v. The sign whose lord has more longitude is stronger.

2. Identify the lords of the 6th, 8th & 12th houses from the dominant satya peetha. Remember to consider the co-lordship of Aquarius (Rahu) and Scorpio (Ketu) if these signs are involved.

3. Check whether any of these lords are
i. Placed in an odd sign and
ii. placed in the visible half of the zodiac from the dominant satya peetha. The visible half of the zodiac constitutes the signs from the 7th to 12th house (the signs which are above the horizon).

4. If more than one planet becomes Brahma, check the stronger of them to qualify for Brahma. However, if none of the 6th, 8th or 12th lord from the dominant satya peeta, are placed in the odd & visible sign, then move to the weaker satya peeta and check the conditions for the 6th, 8th and 12th lord therefrom.

5. If none satisfy the odd & visible sign placement, drop the "visible sign" condition. Now check again from the Dominant Satya Peetha, if the lords of 6th/8th/12th placed in odd signs. If this fails, move to the weaker Satya Peetha and check the placement of 6th/8th/12th lord in Odd sign.

6. If all the lords (6th/8th/12th), from both satya peetha are placed in Even signs, then the placement of 6th/8th/12th lord in Odd "Houses" need to be checked from the Dominant Satya Peetha and if this condition is not met, the same is checked from weaker satya peetha.

7. If two or more planets contend for the position of Brahma, then the strongest should be declared as Brahma.

8. Should any of the three planets Saturn, Rahu or Ketu qualifies for the position of Brahma , then the sixth planet from it, in the order of the reckoning of the weekdays, becomes Brahma.

i. If Saturn qualifies as Brahma , then replace Saturn with Mars.
ii. If Rahu qualifies as Brahma , then replace Rahu with Mercury.
iii. If Ketu qualifies as Brahma , then replace Ketu with Jupiter.


MAHESWARA
There are Ekadas (11) rudras in a horoscope, each being the lord of 8th from each of the signs excluding the one which is conjoined with Jupiter. Among them, the lord of the 8th house from the sign occupied by Atmakaraka has the higest status among the Rudras and is called Mahesvara.

The Bhagwat Gita also indicates this difference when Sri Krishna says, ”amongst the rudras I am çaìkara (or mahesvara)”. The philosophical difference is that each of the other ten rudras simply destroys the body whereas Mahesvara liberates the soul (atma) by delivering it from the cycle of rebirth to the highest spiritual plane. (Pt. Sanjay Rath)

RIDERS:
1. If the 8th lord from Atmakaraka is exalted or in own sign, the lord of the 8th/12th from it, whichever is stronger, becomes Mahesvara. This is based on the principle that the 8th lord in exaltation or in own sign loses its sting to kill and delegates the power to another i.e. the lord of the 8th/12th from the sign where it is placed.

2. If Rahu or Ketu becomes Mahesvara then the sixth planet counted in the weekday order becomes the Mahesvara.
Rahu is replaced by Mercury
Ketu is replaced by Jupiter

3. If Rahu or Ketu is in the 1st/8th from Atmakaraka the sixth lord respectively becomes Mahesvara. Here we most note that the sixth house is the 8th counted in the reverse direction from Atmakaraka due to Rahu & Ketu.

Note: A planet who is qualified to become Brahma is disqualified to become Maheswara. This can happen if the 8th lord from Atkakaraka is in own house in 8th. For such case, the 8th lord becomes Brahma, over-riding all conditions of Brahma determination. However for Maheswara, we need to look at the 8th/12th lord from the disqualified Maheswara (in the previous step).

Yogada- The Yoga Giver

INTRODUCTION
The word yogada is composed of Yoga+da which means yoga(auspisiosness) and da(giver). If not explicitly mentioned the term yoga is means good/ auspicious combination. However, it can also mean inauspicious combination if it is explicitly mentioned such as Dur-yoga or other things such as pravrajya yoga which means combination for ascetism. The auspiciousness of an yoga can be expressed in terms of Money or Power or some other forms. However, when we use the term Yogada we limit ourselves to one of the two expressions namely money or power.

We know that Hora Lagna (HL) in an horosocpe is indicator of dhana / money/ finances and the Ghatika Lagna is the indicator for Power and Authority. The basis for the derivation is that the Hora Lagna moves 2 times as fast as the Lagna moves and we all know that 2nd house is the house of accumulated wealth and hence it indicate the significations of the 2nd house (in longevity, it is one of the key indicators too, 2nd being one of the maraka). Similarly Ghatika Lagna moves 5 times as fast as the Lagna and 5th house being the house of Power and Authority among other things. The name of the Ghatika Lagna is based on the fact that the Lagna takes approximately 5 ghatikas to rise and Ghatika Lagna being 5 times faster takes only 1 ghatika to rise. Thus the lagna which rise after each ghati becomes the Ghatika Lagna.

The Planets which has any association with placement/ lordship or aspect with these two indicators, gives money or power. Now lets see different kinds of associations and formation of Yogadas (yoga givers) in a horoscope.

Note: The aspects mentioned here are the rasi drsti (sign sight). All movable sign is aspected by the fixed signs, excluding the adjascent to it. All fixed signs are aspected by movable signs excluding the asjascent one and all dual signs are aspected by other three dual signs.

1. Karta: Any planet who is placed in or aspects the Lagna/HL/ GL becomes the Karta and gain the potential to confer yoga. Some authors also include the lordship of the sign placed with the Lagna/ HL/ GL and aspect on the 7th from the Lagna/ HL/ GL. However, Pt. Sanjay Rath in Jaimini Sutras say that the if the planet aspect the 7th from the Lagna/ HL/ GL, then it becomes the Karta for the spouse. Similarly the karta can be found for other houses.

2. Yogada: If the Karta is anyway connected to the Lagna of the native, then it becomes the yogada. While the Karta can give association with wealthy, personal wealth can come only if the Lagna is involved. For illustration, if the Lagna lord is placed with HL or aspects it owns the HL/ GL, then it can becomes Yogada. It can also happen that the Karta is placed in the Lagna or aspects the Lagna to gain the status of Yogada.

For illustration, in my case
25.08.1974; 14:32:44 IST; +5:30E; 85E20; 23N21
Saturn is placed with the Ghatika Lagna and aspecting the Lagna with Rasi Drsti.

3. Mahayogada: If a planet connects all the three HL, GL and the Lagna, then it is catapulted to the status of Mahayogada. This can happen if a planet aspects all the three indicators or be placed with one of the indicator and aspects other two or similar situations.

4. Subhapati: The dispositor of the Moon becomes the Subhapati and is the sustainer of the horoscope. If it is anyway involved with the Karta, Yogada or Mahayogada, then the intensity of the yoga increases.

5. Kevala: If the subhapati becomes the Karta, then it is known as Kevala or the explicit one.

6. Kevala Yogada: When the subhapati becomes the Yogada, it is termed as Kevala Yogada.

7. Kevala Mahayogada: When the Subhapati becomes the Mahayogada, then it is termed as Kevala Mahayogada.

The power to confer yoga increases in the order of
Karta< Kevala< Yogada< Kevala Yogada< Mahayogada< Kevala Mahayogada.

USE OF YOGADA:
The concept of Yogada can be used in all divisional charts along with the Rasi chart. In the divisional chart, however, the yoga shall be limited to the particular area of life as signified by the divisional chart. This becomes very useful in timing riches and power through either udu dasas such as Vimhottari or Rasi Dasa such as Narayana or Sudasa.

Snapshot Method of Interpreting a Horoscope I

INTRODUCTION
One of the biggest hurdle to any beginner in Jyotish that when a horosope is present infront, one tend to get lost in the multitude of factors involved in analysing a horosope. This cause frustration and devomotive one to study more and go deeper into the discipline. This article tries to address the issue and provides a guideline on how to go about analysing a horosope. This article is by no means comprehensive as there is no substitute to hardwork and studying the Jyotisha-shastras in original. However, I believe that this can give a good kick-start to any beginner in Jyotish.

1. The Nature of the person can be known by the planets placed in the Lagna and its Trine and those who are aspecting it. These planets shall confer their naisargika (natural)nature to the native. Purest quality of planets are exhibited when they are exalted and when placed alone/ isolated, whenever they are conjoined with other planets they undergo modification. Different planets signify different aspects of personality.

2. The placements and conjunctions of planets show their impact on the nature of the person. However functional nature of planets based on lordships can indicate the situations and events that the native will be placed with.

3. Kendras are houses of Happiness. Natural malefics in these house shows that the native's life shall be full of struggles and it consitute something known as Sarpa yoga, when all the kendras are occupied by Malefics. If not all the kendras are occupied, then also the yoga shall manifest partially. However under such circumstances, if benefics placed in the lagna or the 7th or aspect the lagna, then the yoga is brocken and such significations shown by the benefic shall bring bredth of fresh air in the life of the native.

4. If the malefic planets placed in the Kendras are placed in the Own house or exalation, this constitute the Mahapurusha yogas and the person shall have saintly nature based on the tattva of the planet consituting the mahapurusha yogas.

5. If the malefic planets in the Kendras are placed in debilitation, the person enjoys prosperity after periods of struggle.

6. Best place for malefics to be placed are the upachayas [3,6,10,11] among them 3,6,11 are the best positions.
But if malefics are placed in 6th house 4,8 and 12 (Sukha/happiness trikona)unhappiness and misery. Specifically malefics placed in 4th gives unhappiness at home or home country, in the 8th it will curtail longevity and in the 12th house it will have asubha yoga (inauspicious combination) wrt lagna and give unwanted expenses in concurrence with the nature of the malefic.

7. Best place for benefics are kendras and trines. Benefics placed in the 6th, 8th and 12th house, do good to the significations of those houses but with the cost of destroying their natural and functional significations.


STRENGTHS
1. Any house which is placed with benefics in kendra and trikona will prosper. The house suffers if it is placed with malefics in kendra or trikona, provided they are not the lord or karaka of the house concerned.

2. If lord of a house or karaka aspects (graha drishti or rashi drishti) the significations of the house will prosper.

3. If natural benefic aspect a house, it then protects the house.

4. Protectors of a house are the Karaka and the lord. They shall always try to protect the house and its significations. If they are strong, the protection is strong, however, it they are afflicted (placed with enemies/ malefics) or weak (placed in debilitation/ marana sthana), they might fail to protect the house/ natural significations.

5. A house suffers if they are afflicted (placed with enemies/ malefics). If the lord is afflicted, the karaka comes to the rescue and if the karaka is afflicted the lord comes to rescue. If both are afflicted, none can rescue the sigifications. If the lord of any house is placed witht he karaka for the house, the house prospers.


WEAKNESS
1. Any planet aspected by a malefic, who is not a friend is said to be afflicted. [Sun and Mars do not afflict Jupiter]. Please note the natural friendship and enemity among the planets to understand this.

2. Nodes (Rahu and Ketu) afflict every other planet. Nodes cause corruption of natural significations, being a shadowy planet.

Rahu-Jupiter: Guru Chandala Yoga- The native is skeptical to any form of knowledge and the guru. Also show manusya hatya (death/killing of human)
Rahu-Mars: Vijaya Yoga- Win using any means available
Rahu-Mercury: Causes perverted logic
Rahu-Sun: Aditya Chandala yoga- Lack of conscience/ dharma
Rahu-Moon: Shakthi yoga- Mentally unsettled

One must see where the yoga is happening and its association with the lagna/ atmakaraka for the native's involvement in the bad yogas.

3. Malefic Enemies in conjunction or 1/7th from each other cause trouble in the house whether they are placed. For example following yogas are dangerous and shall harm the house where they are placed.
Sun-Saturn
Mars-Saturn
Rahu-Sun
Rahu-Mars etc.

4. Planets defeated in planetary war (two planets placed very near are said to be in war, a planet that loses longitude has lost the war) fails to protect, its signification and also the significations of house owned by it suffers.

5. Planet in debiliation is weak to ptotect its house and significations. A planet in Maran Karak Sthana (MKS) is weak and it fails to protect its house (s).

6. A planet who is combust is also weak. However, it is seen that the natural significations of a combust planet is enhanced due to brilliance and energy of Sun, however, the house owned by the planet suffers.

7. Debiliated planets weaken the house they are placed in and also the planets they are placed with. This is because, debilitated planet is like a resourceless guy, trying to gain from its environment.

8. Benefics and karakas placed in 2 or 12 the promote the house. Benefics either in the 2nd or 12th cause Subha yoga, whereas in both the house cause subhakartari yoga.

9. Fifth house is house of inner harmony (inner peace) 'chitta' in sat-chit-ananda. If placed with saturn or rahu person becomes restless and cannot be at peace as they are quite opposed to the karaka Jupiter. Badhakesh placed in fifth with affliction, person becomes insane.

10. If there is conflict between planet placed in fifth and lagna the native suffers due to restlessness.

11. Functional nature of any lord placed in 6,8, or 12 from lagna suffers because enemies (6th) or weakness of past life (8th nija dosha) or past debts (12th) or if those dusthana lords are placed in those houses. Badhakesh placed in any house, that house may suffer due to black magic.

12. If a house lord is placed in a Dusthana from the house itself then the external significations of the house suffers, such as the relatives ruled by the house etc. However, if it placed in a dusthana from the lagna, then the native suffers wrt to the house under consideration and the internal significations, such as dhana (2nd), parakrama (3rd), happiness (4th), power/ authority (5th) etc., shall suffer. Thus for example, if the 4th lord is in eighth and the karaka Moon is weak, then the person would be concerned about something related to his mother, however the mother might not suffer as the lord is placed in the 5th from 8th.

13. A house suffers if its lord is in rasi sandhi or Gandanta. Whenever a planet is placed in the Rasi Sandhi, it becomes very weak to protect its houses. The duration of rasi sandhi would be 1 nakshatra pada (3d 20m) each side of rasi junction. Among the Sandhi, the three gandanthas (sandhi between Pisces-Aries; Cancer-Leo; Scorpio-Sagittarius) are the most harmful.

14. The controller of sukha trikona is the 4th house [kendra houses control the trikona]. If 4th house is afflicted the person faces misery. If 4th house is badly afflicted, person can have suicidal tendencies. This is aggravated if the 5th house from Moon is also afflicted (with malefics).

CAREFULLY JUDGE THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF EACH HOUSE AND THEIR KARAKA, THE AFFLICTIONS AND THE SALVAGING FACTORS & THEN PRONOUNCE THE RESULTS, WHICH WOULD NOT GO WRONG. ALONG WITH THIS GENERIC ANALYSIS, ONE NEED TO SEE THE NATURAL YOGAS (GURU-MANGALA, SASI-CHANDRA etc.) AND THE FUNCTIONAL YOGAS (DHARMA-KARMADHIPATI YOGA, DURYOGAS) ETC. TO DO A COMPLETE ANALYSIS OF THE CHART.

Friday, June 25, 2004

Neechabhanga Rajayoga (Pt. Sanjay Rath)

1. The lord of the sign of exaltation of the debilitated planet is in a kendra to Lagna or Moon. For example, if Mercury is debilitaed in Pisces, the Mercury itself which is the lord of Virgo, the sign of its exaltation, should be in a kendra to Lagna or Moon. Thus, Mercury attains neechabhanga if eithe lagna or chandra is in any of the dual signs. It is for this purpose you find that dual signs give good communication abilities and produce many writes etc. Another example: If Saturn is debilitaed in Aries, then if Venus, the lord of Libra its sign of exaltation is in a kendra to the Lagna or Moon, Saturn gets neecha bhanga or cancellation of debility.

2. The lord of the sign of debility of the debilitated planet is in a kendra to Lagna or Moon. This is the concept of the dispositor of the planet, and if the dispositor of a debilitated planet is in a Kendra to Lagna or Moon, then neecha bhanga occurs. This is also an important part of the Kalpa Druma Yoga where the dispositor of the strong lagna lord is required to be in a kendra to lagna. In such a case, when the naive approaches someone for help, when in trouble or in debility, help is sure to come.

3. The debilitated planet occupies its exaltation sign in the Navamsa chart. Every sign has nine Navamsa, Saturn is debilitated in Aries and the seventh Navamsa is that of Libra, its exaltation sign. Thus, if Saturn were to be between 20-23.20 degrees in Aries, neechabhanga is automatic. This implies that the native has done some very good dharmic karma in the past birth bring ing forth the blesings of Bhagavan and hence his debilitated condition or troubles are forgiven and he gets relief.

4. The sign where the planet is in debility is conjoined another planet which gets exalted in that sign. It pays to have powerful friends and associates and a planet in debility, if conjoined another planet in exaltation leads to a situation where the troubled soul meets another who is exalted and powerful or the person who is best suited to help him out. Sheer luck you may call those situations or just coincidence is what many people say. In one case, a businessman was about to be kicked out of all his businesses and as he waited at the airport, he had the acquaintance of the chairman of a bank. They discussed and then the businessman revealed his problem. The Chairman cancelled his flight and went back to office the next day and gave him a loan. The businessman went on to purchase controlling shares and grow into a big business house.

Such Rajyoga do not occur with every neechabhanga, and at least a few of the factors cited above have to occur. further, all planets do not get neechabhanga by all the four methods. As a study, examine the debility of each planet and see the peculiar situations that cause its exaltations and the lessons they hold

Janma Vighatika Graha

INTRODUCTION
Maharishi Jaimini Says in his immortal classic Jaimini Sutras that the sex and complexion of the child can be known from the ruling planet the exact moment of the birth. The smallest division of time which defines the moment of birth is the vighatika, which is 1/3600th part of a day. We know that 1 day is 60 ghatikas and 1 vighatikas so if the day is divided into 3600 parts, the lord of each part shall define the sex and complexion of the child born at that moment.

We know that the approximated duration of 1 sign to rise is 5 ghatikas (60/12) and hence there are 300 vighatikas in 1 sign (5*60). Thus we might see here a strong link between the vighatika rising at the moment of birth and ardha-nadiamsa, which happens to be the 300th part of a sign. This ardha- nadiamsa forms the basis of nadi literature and can define the life of a native to considerable extent.

This knowledge can be used in to explain and understand completely different lifestyle between twins, who otherise have similar rasi and varga charts. This also can be used to rectify the birth chart till a vighatika or 24 seconds.

CALCULATION
1. The moment of birth is always considered from the Sunrise or Sunset. So the start of the vighatikas for finding the ruler of the moment of birth has to be reckoned from the Sunrise or Sunset based on birth happening before of after the Sunset.
2. The time of birth elapsed after Sunrise of Sunset is converted into Vighatis. (1 Hr = 2.5 Ghati = 150 vighati).
3. The ruler of the vighatikas is based on the sequence of the lords of the weekdays (Su-1, Mo-2, Mars- 3, Me-4, Ju- 5, Ve- 6, Sa- 7, Ra- 8, Ke- 9), starting from Sun. To arrive at the lord of the ruler, divide the Vighatis arrived at the previous step by 9 and round it up to the higher interger and count that number from Sun.

One easier way to find the reminder of a number when divided by 9 is to add up the digits of the number and subsequently adding the digits of the number until we arrive at the final one digit no. For illustration, when 9834 is divided by 9, the reminder would be 9+8+3+4 =24 =2+4= 6 (Reminder)

4. Rising of Vighatis of male planets give male birth, whereas rising of vighatis of female planets give female births. Similarly, vighatis of eunich planets give eunuch births.

a. The Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Rahu are males. In the example, the planets Rahu ruled the semi-nadi amsa to give a male child.

b. The Moon, Venus, Ketu indicates females.

c. Mercury rules the female eunuchs while Saturn rule male eunuchs. However this should be predicted only if specific combination for such a birth exist in the conception chart. Else, Mercury will indicate a female child as Saturn indicates a male.

d. If the Janma Vighatika Graha is placed with a female planet, then it will show female birth and so on. However, if it is not conjoined with any planet, then the sex of the sign shall dominate. All even signs indicate females, whereas all odd signs indicate males. However, there is an exception to this as Pisces and Cancer shows male birth being even signs and Aquarius and Gemini rules female birth even though they are odd signs.

e. If the Janma Vighatika Graha is exalted or conjoin a exalted planet, then it indicate male birth, where as if it is debilitated or placed with a debilitated planet, then it indicate a female birth. This is an overriding principle to the above mentioned principles from points a. to d.

Note: The definition of the sunrise shall have a big impact on the vighatis elapsed. This is because there is as much as 4 min difference in time from rise of the upper limb of the sun and the rise of the center of the Sun. So it is pertinent to decide, what time should be taken as the time of Sunrise.

From time immemorial the rishis, started all the activities of the day with the Sunrise. However, this does not mean that at that point of sunrise, the upper limb of Sun has actually risen on the horizon, rather it was based on the moment they could see the first ray of Sun on the horizon. We know that due to a phenomenon called refraction, the Sun seems to have risen on the horizon a few minutes before the actual rise of the upper limb. As this is the moment, when we can see the first ray of the Sun, it heralds the start of the day and all reckoning should happen from that moment of Sunrise.

So in short, the Sunrise definition for the purpose reckoning the birth time is the apparent rise of the Sun’s upper limb.


INTERPRETATION
The single most important planet in a horoscope, which has the most substantial impact in the life of a native is this janma vighatika graha. This is because, a planet which can determine the sex of the native is a link between the karma of the past life, which has to be manifested in this life. Thus the lordship, placement and yogas of this planet has the most significant impact in the life of the native.


ILLUSTRATION

CASE I: SANJAY RATH
Date: August 7, 1963
Time: 9:15:10 pm
Time Zone: 5:30:00 (East of GMT)
Place: 84 E 01' 00", 21 N 28' 00"

Sunrise: 5:28:58 am
Sunset: 6:29:27 pm
Janma Ghatis: 21.25 - 18.49 = 2.76 hrs; Ghatis= 2.76*2.5 =6.9

Ayanamsa: 23-20-38.76
Sidereal Time: 18:23:00
Janma Vighatis = 6.9*60 =414
Janma Vighatika Graha= Reminder of 414/9 = 4+1+4 = 9 (Ketu)


Interpretation:
-------------------------
Ketu is exalted and this shows male birth. Ketu is the mokshakaraka and defines the main objective behind the action of the native is to get liberated from this life of bondage. The aspect of Jupiter from the Lagna in pisces, gives him the knowledge of the maharishis through tradition (Jup+Ketu) to take Jyotish to the direction of spiritual upliftment of human kind.

Ketu is placed with the AL, shows that in this material world, he would be identify his goal of life to as spiituality and shall join a spiritual organisation. Because this happens to be the 10th house from Lagna, the focus of the native shall be to keep doing his work, without any benefit from the world (Ketu) and renouncing and material benefit in return.

There is no doubt, that the native has given a big boost to the spirituality (Ketu) in Jyotish (Jupiter) given to him from tradition (Jup+Ketu) and is his sole purpose in this life (10th house placed with AL).

CASE II: AJIT KRISHNAN
Date: January 28, 1980
Time: 10:36:00 am
Time Zone: 3:00:00 (East of GMT)
Place: 47 E 59' 00", 29 N 20' 00"
Altitude: 0.00 meters

Sunrise: 6:41:10 am
Sunset: 5:22:04 pm
Janma Ghatis: 9.7850

Ayanamsa: 23-41-34.86
Sidereal Time: 19:14:53

Janma Vighati: 9.7850*60 = 587.1
Janma Vighatika Graha = 587.1/9 = 2.1 = 3 = Mars


Interpretation:
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The placement of Mars with two male planets Rahu and Jupiter, given male birth.

The placement of the lord of Birth, Mars in the 5th with Jupiter and Atmakaraka Rahu, sets the focus of life to learning and reaching towards self actualization or self-realization as Mars happens to be the lagna lord.

The association of Mars and Jupiter constitute the fruitful Guru-Mangala yoga making the person a eternal learner and the native finds the purpose of soul fulfilled (AK) following the path of learning.

CASE III: SARAJIT PODDAR
Date: August 25, 1974
Time: 2:32:44 pm
Time Zone: 5:30:00 (East of GMT)
Place: 85 E 17' 00", 23 N 40' 00"

Sunrise: 5:27:59 am
Sunset: 6:12:49 pm
Janma Ghatis: 22.6979

Ayanamsa: 23-30-27.22
Sidereal Time: 12:56:52

Janma Vighatika = Janma Ghatika * 60 = 22.6979*60 = 1361.874
Janma Vighatika Graha = Reminder (1361.874/9) = 2.874 = 3 = Mars

Interpretation:
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Mars is a male planet giving a male birth. Mars is the Atmakaraka of the native and is placed in the 9th house with Mercury and Sun and sama - saptaka with the Lagna lord Jupiter. This shifts the focus of the native’s life to the Rajayogas happening in the 3rd and 9th axis.

Mars is the 5th and 12th lord and is placed in the 9th house and aspected by Jupiter, constituting the potent Guru mangala Yoga. The native is a keen learner and has started learning astrology at a very early age. The focus of the native’s life is rotating around 5th, 12th and 9th, showing that the native gets most satisfaction by learning and teaching. The focus of 12th house shows that the native shall be generous as Moon is placed in the 12th house.