Saturday, September 20, 2008

Nakshatra Devatas II

6. ārdra
Mythologically ārdra is ruled by Rudra. There is abundance of references of Rudra in the vedas and puranas and it would not be possible to bring forward all the aspects of rudra in article such as this, however, I shall try to provide pointers which shall help the reader to understand the hidden meaning behind this nakshatra.

In Rigveda, Rudra is often portrayed as the deity of storm, wind and the hunt. The name rudra has many meaning of which the most commonly used is to cry out loud. The root of the word ‘rud’ means ‘to cry’. In earlier scripture Rudra was identified as an independent deity which got merged with one of the aspect of Shiva, an aspect which represents the form of Shiva which is responsible to cause destruction in the scheme of creation, sustenance and destruction. Although the most common belief is that the rudra are the cause of destruction, many others believe that Rudra are the protector of the created world and only when they are decline to support, destruction happens. Either way this can mean that if Rudras are unfavorable to someone or something, destruction is inevitable.

Sages of yores identified the destructive potencies of Rudra and revealed hymns which are used to pacify the rudras and stop them from bringing havoc. The most commonly used among the hymns are the rudra namakam and chamakam and they are also known as rudra prasna. It is said that this is the most effective remedy to the havoc caused by Saturn during its transit or unfavorable dasas. In Jyotish shastras there are 11 rudras identified commonly known as ekadas rudra. The ekadasa rudras are (1) Kapali (2) Pingala (3) Bhima (4) Virupaksha (5) Vilohita (6) Shasta (7) Ajapada (8) Ahirbudhanya (9) Sambhu (10) Chanda (11) Bhava and rule the 11th divisional chart called Rudramsa, which is judged for strife and struggles. Pt. Rath in his book Vedic Remedies in Astrology gives the mantra for the 11 rudras and can be recited by anyone based on the moon’s placement in a specific Rudramsa to save them from various strife and struggles.

Like the Rudras, the natives of this nakshatra are sharp, strong, immovable, obstinate and short tempered. They can be angered even with smallest provocation and it takes a great deal to cool them down. Their great energy and power is complemented by their hunger, which makes them intolerant to hunger and a voracious eater. They are sincere and straightforward and expect the same from others too and thus their face and eyes reflect their mind. They are quite intolerant to diplomacy and thus could be quite blunt in their speech. It is easy to compare the traits of these natives to that of mythological figures such as Hanuman from Ramayana and Bhima from Mahabharata. Their persistence and energy to move any hurdles are their unmatched traits. They do not stop keep trying until they get what they look for and hence they ooze energy, persistence and drive in all their activities. If not tamed well their energy can be very destructive such as that of a hurricane or tsunami, however a controlled ardra person can be great leader and motivator. They can withstand many hardship without losing their composure which is another trait which points toward their patience and persistence.

From mythology we can understand the both rudras Bhima and Hanuman are the son of the god of wind Vayu. Thus they inherit the traits of Vayu and thus love to wander and travel. Their airy trait makes them flexible and open to change. Although it is a positive trait in the world of constant change, however at times shows that they lack strong individuality and are swayed by the opinions of others. The only negative trait is that they do not save for tomorrow and due to their tremendous urge to consume things they spend their resources lavishly and live a lavish lifestyle; due to which occasionally they have to face financial hardship. However, they are not much moved due to such hardships and due to their persistence they regain their lost position. They are good planner which helps them float through the periods of hardship. Another positive side of their trait is that they love humor and they do not hesitate to make themselves part of the humor. However, at times they can be sarcastic with others and also make fun of others. Being predominant in airy element, they are seeker of all form of knowledge and also attain expertise in multiple fields. However, although they are knowledgeable, they have lesser staying power and substance to make others understand and value their depth of knowledge. They are also dexterous in working on multiple fields and professions at the same time and keep changing their line of profession throughout their life. They abhor monotony and like professions which encourage imagination and creativity such as artistic, media and product development.

Due to their lack of commitment to a static life, they do not get drawn towards relationship such as marriage which requires long lasting commitment to home and family. Due to this they usually get married quite late, when they realize that they need support of a soul mate to travel the long journey of life. Many even chose to remain bachelor or having short relationship with many life partners. The ideal person to marry these natives should also have inclination towards traveling and promote creativity at home. The day it becomes monotonous at home, it would be difficult to bind these natives to home and they will travel away from home either with the pretext of profession or something else. To have a enriched marital life such native and the family should devote time in having pastimes such as trekking, adventure sports or just going out regularly during the weekends.

Their belligerent attitude makes them prone to litigations however they are fearless and fight till the end to present their points and convince others. At times their energy and drive reflect in their passion to overpower the members of opposite sex, however given their self restraints many times they like to take up a life of celibacy and chose to overpower their sexual instinct with sheer determination and power. They do not tolerate rules and traditions which hinders positive growth and flow of energy to development of mankind. Since they are known to protect the creation and also cause destruction to old and worn out things, they often have revolutionary ideals and take actively participate in bringing down anything which does not serve the existential purpose. They help in destroying worn out things to pave the way to newer things and rejuvenation.

Due to their sheer physical power, natives of this nakshatras gravitate towards profession which requires physical prowess such as athletics, boxing, wrestling and activities which require raw physical labor. They are not very keen in taking up professions which require mental activities. They are however sincere and responsible and stick to their commitments. In terms of their friendship and enmity, they can go to extremes, thus while they can be extremely generous and forgiving to their friends, their enmity has not boundary.

Sunday, July 06, 2008

Sarvatobhadra Chakra

Sarvatobhadra Chakra is a tool used as part of Transit of Planets. The term Savatobhadra means overall auspiciousness (sarva- overall; bhadra- auspiciousness) and takes into consideration almost all factors in vedic atrology viz., the 28 nakshatras, the 12 signs, the 30 tithis, the 7 weekdays and the 50 aksharas (Sankrit Alphabets) and hence can be used for variety of analysis of planetary transits. Although the prime focus here is analysis of transits, this can also be used for natal horoscope, dasa analysis etc.

This chart contains 9*9 = 81 boxes containing the nakshatras, signs, tithis, weekdays or the aksharas. For reference purpose I have given the names to the column from 1 to 9 and that to the rows as A to I, although this is not done in the astrological texts and other astrologers. I find giving names to the rows and columns will make it easier to refer to a particular boxes. In subsequent article, the boxes will be referred as A1 (row A, column 1), I9 (row I, column 9) etc.

The concept of vedha is very important in transit analysis. We can encounter this concept while studying transits of planets from natal Moon and hence its understanding is vital in any studies of transits. Vedha means to pierce and hence can means the power of a planet to influence a favourable or unfavourable result. While in normal transits of planets, vedha of other planets can nulify the benefic or malefic influences, in Sarvatobhadra Chakra, the Vedha shows the influence of transiting (or natal) planets on various nakshtras, signs, tithis, aksharas etc. The vedha of benefics are considered to be favouable and that of malefics are considered as unfavourable. The influence is stronger if they are exalted and retrograde while weaker if they are debilitated.

There are three types of vedha:
1. Across vedha: When seen from a transiting planet, the bodies falling across in the Sarvatobhadra chakra comes under vedha from the said planet. Thus when the planets transit on the nakshatra in the left wall of the chakra, the across vedha will be on the nakshatras (and bodies) towards the right and vice versa. Similarly when the planets transit the nakshatras on the upper wall of the chart, the accross vedha will be downward. This vedha is more effective if the planets are in normal motion or stationary.

2. Fore vedha: When seen from a transiting planet, the bodies falling in the diagonal seen in clockwise (zodiacal) direction are under fore vedha. This vedha becomes effective when the planets are moving fast. This vedha is always more important for the Lumineries, whose motion is always in forward direction.

3. Hind (rear) vedha: When seen from the transiting planet, the bodies falling in the diagonal seen in anticlockwise (antizodiacal) direction are under hind vedha. This vedha becomes effective when the planets are in retrograde motion, as their sight is backward. This vedha is always effective for the nodes since they always move in retrograde motion.

We have seen that that the impact of the vedha in one of the direction is dependent on the motion of the 5 planets, excluding the luminaries and the nodes. When the planets are stationary or moving in normal pace, the across vedha is more effective than others and when moving in faster motion or retrogression, fore or hind vedha becomes effective respectively. Since the Luminaries always move in forward direction, the fore vedha is always effective, while rear vedha is always ineffective. Similarly, since the nodes are always in retrograde motions, the hind vedha is always effective and fore vedha is always ineffective.


In this illustration, lets see the planets Mars and Mercury causing vedha to which bodies. The bodies highlighted in yellow colour are having "Accross Vedha" while those highlighted in green are having "Fore Vedha" and those highlighted by purple are having "Hind Vedha" from the said planets i.e., Mars and Mercury. Since in the accross Vedha, the vedha to the nakshatra is the most important, we shall only consider Ashwini as receiving Vedha and ignore other bodies such as the aksharas (ma, l. etc) and the signs (Cancer, Gemini, Taurus).

When a transiting planet is in last quarter of the nakshatra preceding the corner or the 1st quarter of the nakshatra succeeding the corner, in addition to the normal vedhas, they also cause vedha to the diagonal crossing the Purna Tithi and all the bodies falling in that diagonal as well as all the vowels in the corner.

Thus this specific condition is met when a planet transits through last pada of Bharani, Aslesha, Vishakha and Sravana and the 1st pada of Krittika, Magha, Anurdha and Dhanistha.

Counted from the Janma Nakshatra (Moon's Asterism) certain nakshatras becomes important for judgement of certain aspect of an event or life. These special nakstras are also important in other areas of transits such as Navatara chakra hence their understanding is extremely important for understranding not only Sarvatobhadra Chakras, but also other areas of trasits as well. The nakshatras are as follows:

Shannadi is derived from Shad-Nadi means 6 nadis. Nadi's generally mean sensitive or vital points in a body (physical or symbolic) and signify the energy centers in the body which has substantial control over the body in various areas. The Shannadi group of nakshatras counted from Moon, are as follows:

1. 1st Nakshatra : Janma Nadi
2. 10th Nakshatra: Karma Nadi
3. 16th Nakshatra: Sanghatika Nadi
4. 18th Nakshatra: Samudayika Nadi
5. 23th Nakshatra: Vainashika Nadi
6. 25th Nakshatra: Manas Nadi

Janma Nadi: This is the Moon's nakshatra and is also called the Janma Tara (in navatara scheme) or Janmarksha or Janmabha. This is the most important nakshatra in any natal or transit analysis as it houses the Moon. It is said that the karaka for human life is Moon and hence very important for human birth and also it is the prime sustrainer in this virtual world. The body is fine and healthy as long as the Mind (signified by Moon) relishes the stay in this world and it weathers away when the Mind has no more need to sustain. It is said that the when the Mind stops relishing the experiences (good or bad) in this world, there is no more attraction for the soul to re-incarnate and the body is out of the bondage. From the brief description of the nakshatra and its strong association with Moon, we understand that the overall experience, sustenance in this world depends on the influences on the Janma Nadi.

Karma Nadi: There is a strong association of number 10th with the karma which we are supposed to do to fulfil the mission for which we have taken birth. In the rasi chart, the 10th house is also the house of Karma and in the scheme of Nakshatra, the 10th Nakshatra from the Moon is also associated with Karma. The influences on this nakshatra will determine the access to various resources which the native can use in fulfilling his work and how easily (or otherwise) the native will attain the results of his work. This nakshatra becomes very important in muhurthas related to profession or business, which involves realisation of an objective.

Sanghatika Nadi: This means Danger. As the name suggests, this nakshatras has a strong bearing on the risks the native faces in fulfilling an objective. An example of risks could be accepting an unfavourable alliance or partnership with someone due to financial constrains etc.

Samudayika Nadi: This means environment. As the name suggests this nadi indicate the support the native is going to get from the environment etc. For example, whether the environment is going to be supportive or hostile to the native or an business enterprise (in mundane astrology) is seen from this nakstra.

Vainashika Nadi: Vinash means destruction. As the name suggests this nakshatra has a strong bearing on the ways and menthods which can cause destruction or trouble to the wellbeing of the native or the event under consideration. In the analysis of business enterprise, this has a strong say on the associates, friends and the partners.

Manasa Nadi: Manasa means the state of the mind. Thus, as the name suggests the nakshatra has a strong bearing on the state of mind of the native at any point of time, based on the planetary transits. In mundate astrology, it can represent the state of the mind of people involved such as how peaceful or how agitated they are.

Other than the 6 nakshtras of the Shannadi group, there are other nakshatras which play a key role in the transit analysis. They are give below with their position from the Moon in brackets:

1. Sampat Nakshatra (2): This is the nakshatras of wealth and assets. In mundane astrology, this has a strong bearing on the net wealth or other current or fixed assets that are created/ generated in the event under consideration. In the annual horoscopy of the nations, this nakshatra can indicate the GDP and GNP of the nation generated in the year under consideration and similarly in a business enterprise this can show the net revenue/ assets of the company acquired.

2. Adhana Nakshatra (19): Adhana means conception. To understand the role of this nakshatra in transit analysis, we need to understand what happens in conception. During conception, the fertilized egg embeds itself to the wall of the uterus of the mother, which nourishes till delivery of child. Thus this nakshatra has a strong bearing on the place of activity and how well the place supports the native or the event (in mundane astrology). This nakshatra has a strong bearing on whether the native will be comfortable or successful in his homeland or abroad. While benefic influences would make the native stay in his homeland, malefic influences will make him move away.

3. Jati Nakshatra (26): Jati means community. This nakshatra not only indicate the relationshio of the native with his family members, relatives and friends, but also how well the native will be supported by his fellow community members. In a business enterprise, this indicate the relationship between the employer and employees and among the employees; such as how harmonious they are and how well they support the business bottomline.

4. Desha Nakshatra (27): Desha means country. This nakshatra is specifically important in mundane astrology and it signifies how well the government support an enterprise of a community such as a political party. This nakshatra also assumes great importance in the horoscopy of national figures and leaders and signify the support they receive from their government. Thus is a leader is sent to exile, this nakshatra is the key to look for.

5. Abhisheka Nakshatra (28): Abisheka means coronations. As the name suggests, this nakshatra is important in mundane astrology which deals with areas related to leadership such as political astrology or business leadership (CXO's positions). In general this nakshatra show the amount of influence, dominance and control the native has over others. This also indicate how much freedom the native has and how well the he enjoys the work, such that he becomes his own boss in that context. When there are negetive influences on this nakshatra, this can show fall from power, bondage and exile as well.

The trishula nakshatras are specifically important for the matters of longevity and dealth and is a group of 4 nakshatras counted from Sun's nakshatra which form the Trishula or the Trident of lord Shiva. Mythologically, Shiva is the lord of death and annihilation among the three divine principles causing birth, sustenance and destructions. It is said that the Trident in the hand of lord Shiva symbolises his power to destroy and hence in astrology things named after Trishula or Shula signify death and annihilation. The three nakshatras which are important in this context are 1st, 9th, 15th and 21st counted from Sun.

There are yet another group of 8 nakshatras counted from Sun whose primary purpose is to cause obstacles and troubles. They are:
1. 5th nakshatra: Vidyunmukha (mouth of lightning)
2. 8th nakshatra: Shula (sharp and piercing)
3. 14th nakshatra: Sannipata (trouble creator like Saturn)
4. 18th nakshatra: Ketu (unpredictable)
5. 21st nakshatra: Ulka (fireball)
6. 22nd nakshatra: Kampa (shiver)
7. 23rd nakshatra: Vajraka (lighning)
8. 24th nakshatra: Nirghata (deadly)

While Malefic influences on these nakshatra can cause obstacles and troubles in ways related to the nakshatra as well as the planets involved; benefics influencing the nakshatras shall alleviate the troubles.

Effect of various planets on the said nakshatras will give specific results related to the nature of planets under consideration. While influences of benefics enhance good fortune, influences of malefics cause suffering and destruction. In this context the benefics are Jupiter, Venus, well associated Mercury and strong Moon and malefics are Saturn, Rahu, Mars and Ketu and the Sun. Association of Mercury with Saturn and Rahu makes it extremely diabolical while association of Sun and Mars makes it only mildly malefic. Similarly dark Moon from Krsna Chaturdasi to Shukla Pratipada is quite malefic while from Shukla Dvitiya to Shukla Ashtami and Krsna Ashtami to Krshna Trayodashi are mildly malefic.

The specific effect of planets are as follows:
1. Sun: Misunderstanding and ego related problems
2. Moon: Pleasent happenings if strong and vice-versa
3. Mars: Loss of wealth
4. Mercury: Learning and efficiency at work
5. Jupiter: Overall prosperity and wellbeing
6. Venus: Sexual enjoyment and entertainment
7. Saturn: Sickness
8. Rahu: Deception and cheating
9. Ketu: Accidents and sudden happenings

Based on the diginity of the planets causing vedha, the influence will be modified in the following way:
1. Exaltation: 3 times
2. Retrogression: 2 times
3. Debilitation: 1/2 times
4. Other dignity: 1 times (normal)

If a malefic planets gets exalted or retrograde, the it becomes extremely malefic. Thus it is desirable to have benefics are retrograde or exalted and malefics as debilitated.
5. Effect of Vedha on Different Elements:
Although we have only discussed on the vedha of planets on the vital nakshatras, it is important to note the vedha on various other elements of the sarvatobhadra chakra viz., the akshara, tithi vara etc. Each element governs over various areas of life as used in the judgement of panchanga. In addition to the janma and other vital nakshatra, native's janma tithi, vara, rasi and akshara can also be noted. Benefic and malefic vedha on these elements will have good or bad impacts on different areas of life as mentioned below:
1. Vara (weekday): The weekday lord governs over the life force of the native. A strong weekday lord gives good health and faster recovery from diseases and health disorders, while weak weekday lord fails to do so. Applying this principle in Sarvatobhadra chakra, we can say that malefic vedha on the Janma vara (the day on which the person is born) can have negative impact on the native's health and vice-versa.
2. Akshara (Alphabet): Like Moon, the akshara is also related to sustenance of the native in this world, while Moon sustains by giving comfort and good living condition, the name sustains by giving a favourable image. Thus if there are malefic vedhas to the 1st akshara of the name, the native's image may suffer and vice-versa.
3. Tithi (Lunar day): In the Panchanga scheme, Tithi rules over prosperity and has a strong say on the finances in addition to the overall comfort and well being. Using the same principle here, if there are malefic vedha on the native's janma tithi, the native will face financial troubles as well as general lack of comfort. The tithis are grouped into 5 groups viz.,
i. Nanda : Pratipad, Shasthi, Ekadasi
ii. Bhadra : Dvitiya, Saptami, Dvadasi
iii. Jaya : Tritiya, Astami, Trayodasi
iv. Rikta : Chaturthi, Navami, Chaturdasi
v. Purna : Panchami, Dasami, Purnima, Amavasya
Malefic vedha on the Purna Tithi in the muhurtha chart of an ailing person can show death.
4. Rasi (Sign): The rasi governs over all the resources which we get from the mother nature. Thus the vedha on the rasi would show accessibility to various resoures. In addition, the Janma Rasi has a strong bearing on the health of the native while the Janma Lagna has a strong bearing on his intellectual faculty. Thus malefic vedha on the Janma rasi can cause heath troubles while that on the Janma Lagna can show incorrect application of intelligence and incorrect decision making.
This can also be used in conjunction to the natal chart. In the natal chart, each sign will be associated with a particular house. Malefic vedha on a sign can trouble the associated house. If there are inauspicious yogas in a particular house, malefic vedha on that sign can aggravate it further, while benefic vedha can alleviate the trouble to certain extent. Similarly a favourable yoga can be stunted during a particular period if there are malefic vedha on the associated sign and the yoga can flourish under benefic vedha.
The dasa and antardasa of the planets involved in inauspicious yoga in the horoscope can cause tremendous suffering, if both of them simultaneously cause vedha to a vital nakshatra in the area related to the nakshatra. One has to judge the result based on functional and natural nature of the planets involved as well as the yoga they form in the natal chart. The adverse yogas give the adverse results during infavourable transits and hence one has to watch out the transiting dasa, antardasa lord not only with respect to normal transits but also from the viewpoint of sarvatobhadra chakra.
Similarly dasa, antar of benefic planets can give their benefic results when they have benefic vedha on some vital nakshatras. Based on the functional nature of the planets and the yoga they form one among the mentioned vital nakshatra would become more important and a wise astrologer should ascertain that vital nakshatra before pronouncing the results. For example, for the matter of yogas related to power, status and fame, abhisheka nakshatra becomes extremely important. If the planets contributing to the yoga simultaneously have vedha on the abhisheka nakshatra during their periods and sub-periods, it can be predicted that the yoga will fructify.

Sunday, March 02, 2008

Mundane Astrology

The principle of astrology can not only be applied to horoscopes of living being such as humans and animals but also anything else in this world such as nations, institutions, organisations, associations etc. We should appreciate the fact that everything in this world is only temporary, it can be marked by a specific time when it came into existence and there would also be a time when it will cease to exist. In this world of maya numerous things are created and destroyed every momenet and all such things can be analysed using astrological principles. This can be done because essentially everything in this manifested universe can be mapped to 12 signs and 9 planets based on the underlying forces of 5 elements. One should note however that the signs represent the immobile aspect whereas the planets represents the mobile (living) aspects of the things under consideration.

The mentioned things can be analysed by creating a horoscope at the moment of commencement of the thing. For instance, the nation's events can be prognosicated using horoscope casted at the moment of independence, while the election of leaders etc. can be seen from the horoscope casted at the moment of commencement of the constitution which gives the authority to elect rulers. Thus one must understand the chart needs to be seen based on the nature of events to be studied from it. Although the astroligical classics gives the framework for analysing mundane horoscopes, one must have considerable experience in natal horoscopy before venturing into mundane charts.

Like all events in the natal horoscopy be associated with the 12 houses of the zodiac, similarly in the mundane horoscopy there are associations of various things with vaarious houses. If one studies them carefully they can see the strong parallel between the associations in natal and mundane horoscopy. For instance, in the natal horoscope 2nd house is the house of wealth; similarly, in the mundance horoscopey 2nd house governs over the revenue of the state/ organisation, finance and commerce. The things represented by various houses in the mundane astrology is given below:

1st house: 1st house is the house of self and governs over the personality of the native as well as overall strength and weaknesses. Thus in the mundane horoscopy it govens general affairs of the state, the constitution, public health and well being, state policies as well as the condition of the cabinet.

2nd house: 2nd house is the house of family and wealth. In mundane astrology it governs over revenue and wealth of the state and people, imports, taxation and other means earning revenue. It also rules over allies being the house ruling family.

3rd house: 3rd house is the house of siblings, communications and courage. Thus in mundane horoscopy, it rules over various modes of communications such as internet, telephone, postal, newspapers and all ways of transportation such as land, sea and air transport. Since it rules over siblings, it also governs over relations with the neighbouring nations.

4th house: 4th house is the house of happiness, education, landed property and vehicles. In mundane astrology, it governs over all educational institutions such as schools, colleges, universities, general conditions of education, the conditions of teaching and students. It also governs over general happiness and peace and also land assets and properties. It also rules over agriculture and agro based industries.

5th house: 5th house is the house of love, subconcious mind (mental harmony), creation, progeny and power. In mundane astrology, it governs over the mentality of the rulers, birth rate and population, crime and punishment, entertainment and amusement.

6th house: 6th house is the house of loans, diseases and enemies. Thus in mundane astrology, it governs over state loans and debts, diseases of the rulers and people, friendship and enmity with people within and other states, territorial attacks and battles, armed, air and naval forces and other means of war such as arms and ammunitions.

7th house: 7th house is the house of relationship and marriage. In mundane astrology, this house governs health of women (creative force), morality or immorality in terms of sexual relationships and foreign relations. Being the house opposite to the lagna, it also governs over war.

8th house: 8th house is the house of defects and death. In mundane astrology, it govenrs over the death rate, guarantees and insurances.

9th house: 9th house is the house of righteous deeds, religiousity and guidance from the elders. In mundane astrology, it governs over all religious shrines such as temples, churches, mosques etc. as well as general religiousness or irreligiousness. It also governs over all such people who guide general public such as priests, astrologers and preachers and also the whole judicial system such as court, judges, lawers and the law of the land.

10th house: 10th house is the house of activities and authority. In the mundane astrology, this house governs over the rulers or head of the state, the parliament or the constitutional body governing the state's public policy, the kind of authority of the ruler such as autocracy, democracy etc. This also rules over the activities of the state such as machinary to collect taxes and revenues, the machinary to implement and monitor public policy such as bereucracy, police etc. This also governs over other activities such as trade and commerce, exports etc. Change of ruler through elections, coup or revolutions can also be seen from this house.

11th house: 11th house is the house of gain and friends. Thus in mundane astrology, this include various forms of gains and income from world trade and also friendly ties with other nations.

12th house: 12th house is the house of losses, secret enemies and hospitals. Thus in mundane astrology it governs over all forms of secret things such as espionage, secret service, conspiracies and secret plots, secret crimes. This also governs hospitals, clinics and any other forms of medical institutions (such as healing, yoga etc), public health administration such as vaccination, various forms of medical approaches such as homeopathy, allopathy, ayurveda, yoga and alternate medicines (naturopathy, accupuncture, accupressure etc). Being the house of loss it governs over various forms of losses (such as war and other forms of natural and man-made disasters), expenditure and donations (such as charitable donations to needy nations).

Indian Lunar Calendar

Year Start of year End of year 60 year cycle
The Indian lunar calendar is based on movement of both luminaries Sun and the Moon in the sidereal zodiac. One should note the difference between Indian Lunar Calendar and the Chinese Lunar Calendar. While Indian Lunar Calendar is based on sidereal zodiac, the Chinese Lunar Calendar is based on tropical zodiac and hence the Indian Lunar months are not synchronized with seasons, but fixed stars (or the nakshatras), while Chinese Lunar Calendar is synchronized with seasons. This indicates the importance of fixed zodiac not only in astrology but also celebration of the festivals.

Since the Lunar Calendar is synchronized with the Sidereal Zodiac, the lunar months are tagged to sidereal signs. This means based on the sign occupied by Sun in the sidereal zodiac, the lunar month will bear the same name. For example, Chaitra, the 1st month of Lunar Calendar is tagged to sidereal Pisces. The names of the months are given by the name of the nakshatra, the Moon is expected to be placed while Sun transits a sign. This also shows that naming of the month is based on Shuklanta principle, which suggests beginning of a month with Krishna Pratipad. The relationship of the lunar months and the sidereal signs are as follows:

Chaitra - Meena - Pisces
Vaishakh - Mesha - Aries
Jyeshtha - Vrshabha - Taurus
Ashadha - Mithuna - Gemini
Sravana - Karkata - Cancer
Bhadra - Simha - Leo
Ashwin - Kanya - Virgo
Kartik - Tula - Libra
Mrigashira- Vrshchik - Scorpio
Pausha - Dhanu - Sagittarius
Magha - Makar - Capricorn
Phalgun - Kumbha - Aquarius

Although the names of the month are given based on Shuklanta principle, the most widely followed calendar is Amanta which begins with Shukla Pratipad. The Lunar year begins with Chaitra Masa, the time when Sun and Moon conjoin in sidereal Pisces.

Adhika & Kshaya Masa
There are few variations in the reckoning of the month, due to the differences in the duration of lunar year and the sidereal year by approximately 10 days. The types of variations are given below:

Adhika Masa:
When two new Moon falls in one sidereal sign, the first among them is treated as a extra month or Adhika Masa while the 2nd one of them is called the actual month or nija masa. Whenever this happens, the 1st new Moon falls in the 1st degree of the sign, while the 2nd one falls in the last degree of the sign.

The adhika masa bears the name of the sign where it happens. Thus if it happens in Aries, it becomes Vaishakh adhika masa and so on.

Kshaya Masa:
Khsaya masa means loss of month. This happens when there is no soli-lunar conjunction in a sign. This is a rare phenomenon as is counter intuitive that how can a bigger measure of time i.e., Saura masa be smaller than a chandra masa. Thus this requires further investigation. It happens in a period of 19 years and 141 years.

60 Years Cycle:
The lunar calendar is completely synchronizes with the solar calendar in a period of 60 years. This concept is similar to the Chinese calendar which indicate repetition of combination of element and animal. In the Indian calendar, each of the 60 years are given a specif name which indicate towards overall results to be experienced in that year. The cycle follows the cycle of creation, sustenance and annihilation of the creative force. To understand it better, this can be mapped to the 30 tithi cycle of the Moon, which also passes through creation and increase in life force as signified by the Shukla Paksha and decrease of the life force as well as destruction as signified by the Krshna Paksha.

Since each of the year is spanning over two tithis, we can also map the year with half of tithi called Karana. There are 4 fixed karanas names Kimsthughna, Shakuni, Chatushpād and Nāgava which are mapped to 1st half of 1st half of Shukla Pratipad, 2nd half of Krisna Chaturdasi, 1st and 2nd half of Amavasya respectively. While rest 7 karanas are called the movable karanas and repeat in the sequence of Bava, Bālava, Kaulava, Taitula, Garajā, Vanijā and Vishti (Bhadrā) from 2nd half of Shukla pratipad to 1st half of Krsna chaturdasi. The fixed karanas are known be troublesome and vicious.

The years of the 60 years cycle and its mapping to Tithis and Karanas are

1.Prabhava - Shukla Pratipad - Kimstughna**
2.Vibhava - Shukla Pratipad - Bava
3.Shukla - Shukla Dvitiya - Balava
4.Pramoda - Shukla Dvitiya - Kaulava
5.Prajāpati - Shukla Tritiya - Taitula
6.Āngirasa - Shukla Tritiya - Garajā
7.Shrīmukha - Shukla Chaturthi - Vanijā
8.Bhāva - Shukla Chaturthi - Vishti (Bhadrā)
9.Yuvan - Shukla Panchami - Bava
10.Dhātri - Shukla Panchami - Balava
11.Īshvara - Shukla Shasthi - Kaulava
12.Bahudhānya - Shukla Shasthi - Taitula
13.Pramāthin - Shukla Saptami - Garajā
14.Vikrama - Shukla Saptami - Vanijā
15.Vrisha - Shukla Ashtami - Vishti (Bhadrā)
16.Chitrabhānu - Shukla Ashtami - Bava
17.Svabhānu - Shukla Navami - Balava
18.Tārana - Shukla Navami - Kaulava
19.Pārthiva - Shukla Dasami - Taitula
20.Vyaya - Shukla Dasami - Garajā
21.Sarvajit - Shukla Ekadasi - Vanijā
22.Sarvadhārin - Shukla Ekadasi - Vishti (Bhadrā)
23.Virodhin - Shukla Dvadasi - Bava
24.Vikrita - Shukla Dvadasi - Balava
25.Khara - Shukla Trayodasi - Kaulava
26.Nandana - Shukla Trayodasi - Taitula
27.Vijaya - Shukla Chaturdasi - Garajā
28.Jaya - Shukla Chaturdasi - Vanijā
29.Manmatha - Purnima - Vishti (Bhadrā)
30.Durmukha - Purnima - Bava
31.Hemalambin - Krsna Pratipad - Balava
32.Vilambin - Krsna Pratipad - Kaulava
33.Vikārin - Krsna Dvitiya - Taitula
34.Shārvari - Krsna Dvitiya - Garajā
35.Plava - Krsna Tritiya - Vanijā
36.Shubhakrit - Krsna Tritiya - Vishti (Bhadrā)
37.Shobhana - Krsna Chaturthi - Bava
38.Krodhin - Krsna Chaturthi - Balava
39.Vishvāvasu - Krsna Panchami - Kaulava
40.Parābhava - Krsna Panchami - Taitula
41.Plavanga - Krsna Shasthi - Garajā
42.Kīlaka - Krsna Shasthi - Vanijā
43.Saumya - Krsna Saptami - Vishti (Bhadrā)
44.Sādhārana - Krsna Saptami - Bava
45.Virodhikrit - Krsna Ashtami - Balava
46.Paritāpin - Krsna Ashtami - Kaulava
47.Pramādin - Krsna Navami - Taitula
48.Ānanda - Krsna Navami - Garajā
49.Rākshasa - Krsna Dasami - Vanijā
50.Anala - Krsna Dasami - Vishti (Bhadrā)
51.Pingala - Krsna Ekadasi - Bava
52.Kālayukti - Krsna Ekadasi - Balava
53.Siddhārthin - Krsna Dvadasi - Kaulava
54.Raudra - Krsna Dvadasi - Taitula
55.Durmati - Krsna Trayodasi - Garajā
56.Dundubhi - Krsna Trayodasi - Vanijā
57.Rudhirodgārin- Krsna Chaturdasi - Vishti (Bhadrā)
58.Raktāksha - Krsna Chaturdasi - Shakuni**
59.Krodhana - Amavasya - Chatushpād**
60.Akshaya - Amavasya - Nāgava**

** Sthira (fixed) karana

Details of years between 1947 and 2066 (120 years):
1947: (22 Mar 1947 22:04:45 - 09 Apr 1948 18:47:15) - 21 - Sarvajit
1948: (09 Apr 1948 18:47:15 - 29 Mar 1949 20:41:24) - 22 - Sarvadhārin
1949: (29 Mar 1949 20:41:24 - 18 Mar 1950 20:50:46) - 23 - Virodhin
1950: (18 Mar 1950 20:50:46 - 06 Apr 1951 16:22:21) - 24 - Vikrita
1951: (06 Apr 1951 16:22:21 - 26 Mar 1952 01:43:13) - 25 - Khara
1952: (26 Mar 1952 01:43:13 - 15 Mar 1953 16:35:34) - 26 - Nandana
1953: (15 Mar 1953 16:35:34 - 03 Apr 1954 17:55:33) - 27 - Vijaya
1954: (03 Apr 1954 17:55:33 - 24 Mar 1955 09:13:05) - 28 - Jaya
1955: (24 Mar 1955 09:13:05 - 11 Apr 1956 08:09:28) - 29 - Manmatha
1956: (11 Apr 1956 08:09:28 - 31 Mar 1957 14:49:41) - 30 - Durmukha
1957: (31 Mar 1957 14:49:41 - 20 Mar 1958 15:20:32) - 31 - Hemalambin
1958: (20 Mar 1958 15:20:32 - 08 Apr 1959 08:59:46) - 32 - Vilambin
1959: (08 Apr 1959 08:59:46 - 27 Mar 1960 13:08:00) - 33 - Vikārin
1960: (27 Mar 1960 13:08:00 - 17 Mar 1961 00:21:13) - 34 - Shārvari
1961: (17 Mar 1961 00:21:13 - 05 Apr 1962 01:15:20) - 35 - Plava
1962: (05 Apr 1962 01:15:20 - 25 Mar 1963 17:40:14) - 36 - Shubhakrit
1963: (25 Mar 1963 17:40:14 - 14 Mar 1964 07:44:25) - 37 - Shobhana
1964: (14 Mar 1964 07:44:25 - 02 Apr 1965 05:51:13) - 38 - Krodhin
1965: (02 Apr 1965 05:51:13 - 22 Mar 1966 10:16:50) - 39 - Vishvāvasu
1966: (22 Mar 1966 10:16:50 - 10 Apr 1967 03:50:53) - 40 - Parābhava
1967: (10 Apr 1967 03:50:53 - 29 Mar 1968 04:18:44) - 41 - Plavanga
1968: (29 Mar 1968 04:18:44 - 18 Mar 1969 10:22:01) - 42 - Kīlaka
1969: (18 Mar 1969 10:22:01 - 06 Apr 1970 09:39:59) - 43 - Saumya
1970: (06 Apr 1970 09:39:59 - 27 Mar 1971 00:54:04) - 44 - Sādhārana
1971: (27 Mar 1971 00:54:04 - 15 Mar 1972 17:05:17) - 45 - Virodhikrit
1972: (15 Mar 1972 17:05:17 - 03 Apr 1973 17:15:41) - 46 - Paritāpin
1973: (03 Apr 1973 17:15:41 - 24 Mar 1974 02:54:40) - 47 - Pramādin
1974: (24 Mar 1974 02:54:40 - 11 Apr 1975 22:09:44) - 48 - Ānanda
1975: (11 Apr 1975 22:09:44 - 30 Mar 1976 22:38:42) - 49 - Rākshasa
1976: (30 Mar 1976 22:38:42 - 20 Mar 1977 00:03:22) - 50 - Anala
1977: (20 Mar 1977 00:03:22 - 07 Apr 1978 20:45:50) - 51 - Pingala
1978: (07 Apr 1978 20:45:50 - 28 Mar 1979 08:30:06) - 52 - Kālayukti
1979: (28 Mar 1979 08:30:06 - 17 Mar 1980 00:26:28) - 53 - Siddhārthin
1980: (17 Mar 1980 00:26:28 - 05 Apr 1981 01:50:02) - 54 - Raudra
1981: (05 Apr 1981 01:50:02 - 25 Mar 1982 15:48:08) - 55 - Durmati
1982: (25 Mar 1982 15:48:08 - 13 Apr 1983 13:29:00) - 56 - Dundubhi
1983: (13 Apr 1983 13:29:00 - 01 Apr 1984 17:40:19) - 57 - Rudhirodgārin
1984: (01 Apr 1984 17:40:19 - 21 Mar 1985 17:29:28) - 58 - Raktāksha
1985: (21 Mar 1985 17:29:28 - 09 Apr 1986 11:38:53) - 59 - Krodhana
1986: (09 Apr 1986 11:38:53 - 29 Mar 1987 18:16:13) - 60 - Akshaya
1987: (29 Mar 1987 18:16:13 - 18 Mar 1988 07:32:56) - 01 - Prabhava
1988: (18 Mar 1988 07:32:56 - 06 Apr 1989 09:03:17) - 02 - Vibhava
1989: (06 Apr 1989 09:03:17 - 27 Mar 1990 01:18:56) - 03 - Shukla
1990: (27 Mar 1990 01:18:56 - 16 Mar 1991 13:41:10) - 04 - Pramoda
1991: (16 Mar 1991 13:41:10 - 03 Apr 1992 10:32:10) - 05 - Prajāpati
1992: (03 Apr 1992 10:32:10 - 23 Mar 1993 12:45:12) - 06 - Āngirasa
1993: (23 Mar 1993 12:45:12 - 11 Apr 1994 05:47:52) - 07 - Shrīmukha
1994: (11 Apr 1994 05:47:52 - 31 Mar 1995 07:39:21) - 08 - Bhāva
1995: (31 Mar 1995 07:39:21 - 19 Mar 1996 16:15:22) - 09 - Yuvan
1996: (19 Mar 1996 16:15:22 - 07 Apr 1997 16:32:30) - 10 - Dhātri
1997: (07 Apr 1997 16:32:30 - 28 Mar 1998 08:44:13) - 11 - Īshvara
1998: (28 Mar 1998 08:44:13 - 18 Mar 1999 00:18:34) - 12 - Bahudhānya
1999: (18 Mar 1999 00:18:34 - 04 Apr 2000 23:42:40) - 13 - Pramāthin
2000: (04 Apr 2000 23:42:40 - 25 Mar 2001 06:51:44) - 14 - Vikrama
2001: (25 Mar 2001 06:51:44 - 13 Apr 2002 00:51:54) - 15 - Vrisha
2002: (13 Apr 2002 00:51:54 - 02 Apr 2003 00:49:28) - 16 - Chitrabhānu
2003: (02 Apr 2003 00:49:28 - 21 Mar 2004 04:12:01) - 17 - Svabhānu
2004: (21 Mar 2004 04:12:01 - 09 Apr 2005 02:02:39) - 18 - Tārana
2005: (09 Apr 2005 02:02:39 - 29 Mar 2006 15:45:49) - 19 - Pārthiva
2006: (29 Mar 2006 15:45:49 - 19 Mar 2007 08:13:07) - 20 - Vyaya
2007: (19 Mar 2007 08:13:07 - 06 Apr 2008 09:25:51) - 21 - Sarvajit
2008: (06 Apr 2008 09:25:51 - 26 Mar 2009 21:36:33) - 22 - Sarvadhārin
2009: (26 Mar 2009 21:36:33 - 16 Mar 2010 02:31:47) - 23 - Virodhin
2010: (16 Mar 2010 02:31:47 - 03 Apr 2011 20:03:02) - 24 - Vikrita
2011: (03 Apr 2011 20:03:02 - 22 Mar 2012 20:07:47) - 25 - Khara
2012: (22 Mar 2012 20:07:47 - 10 Apr 2013 15:05:56) - 26 - Nandana
2013: (10 Apr 2013 15:05:56 - 31 Mar 2014 00:15:13) - 27 - Vijaya
2014: (31 Mar 2014 00:15:13 - 20 Mar 2015 15:06:40) - 28 - Jaya
2015: (20 Mar 2015 15:06:40 - 07 Apr 2016 16:54:08) - 29 - Manmatha
2016: (07 Apr 2016 16:54:08 - 28 Mar 2017 08:27:43) - 30 - Durmukha
2017: (28 Mar 2017 08:27:43 - 17 Mar 2018 18:42:08) - 31 - Hemalambin
2018: (17 Mar 2018 18:42:08 - 05 Apr 2019 14:21:03) - 32 - Vilambin
2019: (05 Apr 2019 14:21:03 - 24 Mar 2020 14:58:49) - 33 - Vikārin
2020: (24 Mar 2020 14:58:49 - 12 Apr 2021 08:01:25) - 34 - Shārvari
2021: (12 Apr 2021 08:01:25 - 01 Apr 2022 11:54:54) - 35 - Plava
2022: (01 Apr 2022 11:54:54 - 21 Mar 2023 22:53:32) - 36 - Shubhakrit
2023: (21 Mar 2023 22:53:32 - 08 Apr 2024 23:51:12) - 37 - Shobhana
2024: (08 Apr 2024 23:51:12 - 29 Mar 2025 16:28:09) - 38 - Krodhin
2025: (29 Mar 2025 16:28:09 - 19 Mar 2026 06:53:50) - 39 - Vishvāvasu
2026: (19 Mar 2026 06:53:50 - 07 Apr 2027 05:21:32) - 40 - Parābhava
2027: (07 Apr 2027 05:21:32 - 26 Mar 2028 10:01:45) - 41 - Plavanga
2028: (26 Mar 2028 10:01:45 - 15 Mar 2029 09:49:40) - 42 - Kīlaka
2029: (15 Mar 2029 09:49:40 - 03 Apr 2030 03:32:55) - 43 - Saumya
2030: (03 Apr 2030 03:32:55 - 23 Mar 2031 09:19:23) - 44 - Sādhārana
2031: (23 Mar 2031 09:19:23 - 10 Apr 2032 08:09:44) - 45 - Virodhikrit
2032: (10 Apr 2032 08:09:44 - 30 Mar 2033 23:21:49) - 46 - Paritāpin
2033: (30 Mar 2033 23:21:49 - 20 Mar 2034 15:44:45) - 47 - Pramādin
2034: (20 Mar 2034 15:44:45 - 08 Apr 2035 16:27:59) - 48 - Ānanda
2035: (08 Apr 2035 16:27:59 - 28 Mar 2036 02:26:59) - 49 - Rākshasa
2036: (28 Mar 2036 02:26:59 - 17 Mar 2037 05:06:31) - 50 - Anala
2037: (17 Mar 2037 05:06:31 - 04 Apr 2038 22:13:16) - 51 - Pingala
2038: (04 Apr 2038 22:13:16 - 24 Mar 2039 23:29:43) - 52 - Kālayukti
2039: (24 Mar 2039 23:29:43 - 11 Apr 2040 19:30:21) - 53 - Siddhārthin
2040: (11 Apr 2040 19:30:21 - 01 Apr 2041 06:59:30) - 54 - Raudra
2041: (01 Apr 2041 06:59:30 - 21 Mar 2042 22:53:02) - 55 - Durmati
2042: (21 Mar 2042 22:53:02 - 10 Apr 2043 00:36:38) - 56 - Dundubhi
2043: (10 Apr 2043 00:36:38 - 29 Mar 2044 14:56:03) - 57 - Rudhirodgārin
2044: (29 Mar 2044 14:56:03 - 18 Mar 2045 22:44:59) - 58 - Raktāksha
2045: (18 Mar 2045 22:44:59 - 06 Apr 2046 17:21:48) - 59 - Krodhana
2046: (06 Apr 2046 17:21:48 - 26 Mar 2047 17:14:18) - 60 - Akshaya
2047: (26 Mar 2047 17:14:18 - 14 Mar 2048 19:57:41) - 01 - Prabhava
2048: (14 Mar 2048 19:57:41 - 02 Apr 2049 17:09:10) - 02 - Vibhava
2049: (02 Apr 2049 17:09:10 - 23 Mar 2050 06:10:47) - 03 - Shukla
2050: (23 Mar 2050 06:10:47 - 11 Apr 2051 07:29:06) - 04 - Pramoda
2051: (11 Apr 2051 07:29:06 - 30 Mar 2052 23:57:07) - 05 - Prajāpati
2052: (30 Mar 2052 23:57:07 - 20 Mar 2053 12:41:26) - 06 - Āngirasa
2053: (20 Mar 2053 12:41:26 - 08 Apr 2054 10:02:32) - 07 - Shrīmukha
2054: (08 Apr 2054 10:02:32 - 28 Mar 2055 12:30:50) - 08 - Bhāva
2055: (28 Mar 2055 12:30:50 - 16 Mar 2056 12:22:29) - 09 - Yuvan
2056: (16 Mar 2056 12:22:29 - 04 Apr 2057 07:01:31) - 10 - Dhātri
2057: (04 Apr 2057 07:01:31 - 24 Mar 2058 15:19:51) - 11 - Īshvara
2058: (24 Mar 2058 15:19:51 - 12 Apr 2059 14:58:47) - 12 - Bahudhānya
2059: (12 Apr 2059 14:58:47 - 01 Apr 2060 07:07:40) - 13 - Pramāthin
2060: (01 Apr 2060 07:07:40 - 21 Mar 2061 22:53:17) - 14 - Vikrama
2061: (21 Mar 2061 22:53:17 - 09 Apr 2062 22:47:09) - 15 - Vrisha
2062: (09 Apr 2062 22:47:09 - 30 Mar 2063 06:19:44) - 16 - Chitrabhānu
2063: (30 Mar 2063 06:19:44 - 18 Mar 2064 07:15:18) - 17 - Svabhānu
2064: (18 Mar 2064 07:15:18 - 06 Apr 2065 00:31:09) - 18 - Tārana
2065: (06 Apr 2065 00:31:09 - 26 Mar 2066 03:43:47) - 19 - Pārthiva
2066: (26 Mar 2066 03:43:47 - 15 Mar 2067 13:59:03) - 20 - Vyaya

Monday, February 25, 2008

10th from svamsa- A closer look

In aphorism 1.2.39 of Jaimini Sutra, Maharishi Jaimini explains the result of placement of Planets in the 10th from svamsa.

रिफे बुधदृष्टे वा मन्दवत्॥
riphe budhadṛṣṭe vā mandavat||

Mercury aspecting the 10th from svamsa indicate results like Saturn. Maharishi explains in previous stanza that when Saturn is placed in the svamsa makes a person achieve success in any line of activity due to sheer hard work. They also tend to become traditional. However, the thing to note here is that why Mercury in the 10th give results as if Saturn in svamsa. The clue to decipher this lies in counting the number of planets in the weekday order starting from the planet placed in the 10th to svamsa. Thus if Mercury is placed in the 10th then counting in the weekday order we have Mercury (10th)-Jupiter(11th)-Venus(12th)-"Saturn(svama)", thus we arrive at Saturn. Applying this principle, we can understand the influence of other planets on the 10th of svamsa.

The weekday order is Sun-Moon-Mars-Mercury-Jupiter-Venus-Saturn-Rahu-Ketu. Thus the planets influence on the 10th will be:

Sun - Mercury
Moon - Jupiter
Mars - Venus
Mercury - Saturn
Jupiter - Rahu
Venus - Ketu
Saturn - Sun
Rahu - Moon
Ketu - Mars

Thus if Sun is placed in the 10th house, the effect can be read as same as Mercury's placement in the svamsa, which according to Maharishi Jaimini makes the person a mimansaka or someone who follows the middle path of Buddha.

Sunday, February 24, 2008

Navamsa lagna in various houses from Rasi Lagna

Jaimini Sutras 4.3.69 - 4.3.73
यत्ने अंशत॥
yatne aṁśata||
The result of navamsa lagna in various houses as counted form the rasi lagna is explained in the following aphorisms.

राज्ये नीचः॥
rājye nīcaḥ||
If the navamsa lagna is placed in a sign which is in the 12th house from the rasi lagna, the native will be base and gross.

धने कामी॥
dhane kāmī||
If the navamsa lagna is placed in the 9th house from the rasi lagna, the native will be passionate.

धर्मे मोक्षः॥
dharme mokṣaḥ||
If the navamsa lagna is placed in the 11th house from the rasi lagna, the native will attain moksha.

धान्ये पापी॥
dhānye pāpī||
If the navamsa lagna is in the 7th house from the rasi lagna, the native will be sinful.

The aphorisms given above give us the clue on how to analyze the placement of navamsa lagna in various sign as seen from the rasi lagna. For example, if the rasi lagna is placed in Aries and the navamsa lagna is placed in the Taurus, which is 2nd from the rasi lagna, what kind of results can be read from such placements. This helps us in a big way in fixing the right navamsa lagna if there are doubts in doing so.

The principles of judging the results from placement of navamsa lagna with respect to the rasi lagna is not given straight away and Maharishi Jaimini wants us to decipher them based on the examples he has given for few houses. Here, our tradition comes to our rescue, which says that whichever house the navamsa lagna is placed with respect to the rasi lagna, the 2nd house from it will be pronounced in the life of the native. Thus if the navamsa lagna is in the 11th from the rasi lagna, the 2nd house from it, which is 12th house gains prominence and the native can even attain moksha.

Now why 2nd house? Well! this is based on two principles:

1. Since Navamsa governs over our past life and spiritual merit (dharma), it also has a strong say on the fruit of actions we have to experience due to karma of past lives. Hence whichever sign the navamsa lagna is placed, the 5th from it confers good fortune on the native and that house should be treates as if lagna lord is placed over there. Thus if the navamsa lagna is placed in the 11th house, the 5th from it, i.e., 3rd house makes the person full of initiative and fortunate.

2. The house of achievement in this life would be the 10th house counted from the house obtained before (5th from the navamsa lagna), which happens to be the 2nd house from the lagna. Thus the areas the native attains prominence in this life will be shown by the 2nd house from the navamsa lagna as seen in the rasi chart. One should note the sign, house, planets and yogas in this house to judge the nature of results.

What maharishi gave in the 4 aphorisms are only guide to the nature of results as seen from the navamsa lagna's placement from the rasi lagna. They are however only indicative and not comprehensive. Intelligent astrologers should apply the common principles of houses, planets and the yogas to decipher more. The following section gives a more detailed analysis (although not exhaustive).

To be continued...


Friday, February 15, 2008

Punya Chakra

Punya Chakra is used for determining the whereabouts of the soul after death. The term Punya means good deed as in Hinduism death is considered as the eternal truth and the freedom from the world of suffering, the mrityu loka or earth. Hence the chart casted at the moment of death is called the Punya Chakra, which in lay men's terms can be translated as the horoscope of death. Similar to the birth chart, which shows the details of the experiences of the soul after birth, the death chart shows the details of the soul after death. This is an important tool of vedic-astrology to decipher the condition and the whereabouts of the soul after death based on which various obsevances such as Sraddha etc. can be done to pacify a wandering soul.

So far this tool has been a closely guarded secret of the Sri Jagannath Center tradition and was disclosed for the first time for the aspiring astrologers by Pt. Sanjay Rath in 2005 in the SJC west coast conference. In this article, I will enunciate the principles and also analyse some charts to make the concepts clearer.


The houses which are key to the analysis of the punya chakra are the 1st, 6th, 7th, 8th, 10th and 12th houses.

1st house: The exact nature of death can be seen from the 1st house. If there are malefics in the 1st house or it is occupied with Gulika or Mandi, the death of the native could be painful. In addition to the 1st house, the trines i.e., the 5th and 9th should also be checked to ascertain the details of the moment of dearth. Presence of benefics in the lagna or the trines can indicate peaceful death such as dying in sleep or in leaving the body in deep meditation.

After death, the soul is likely to stay in this planet for sometime before it is guided to other planes of existence. Shastras say that the minimum duration of stay in this planet is of 12days and in most cases the maximum duration is of 9 years. However, the maximum duration can be overridden by specific yogas, whereby the soul would wander even longer. The duration of stay can be seen from the natural duration governed by the planets and the navamsa occupied by them in the punya chakra. The natural duration of planets are as follows:
Moon   - a day**
Mars - a week**
Venus - a fortnight
Jupiter- a month
Mercury- a season, which is same as 2 months period
Sun - an ayana which is same as 6 months period (the period of uttrayana and dakshinayana)
Saturn - a year

If lets say in someone's death chart, Sun is placed in the Lagna and is placed in 5th navamsa. The duration, the soul will stay in earth would be 5 ayanas which is equivalent to (5 ayana *6 months) 30 months or 2.5 years.

**For Moon, it is always 12 days irrespective of the navamsa of the Moon. However, for Mars, if the duration arrived is less than 12 days, then it is 12 days, however if it is more than 12 days, that many days the soul will stay on earth.

The exact duration can be found by using the following formula
Planetary duration * Planet's longitude /

6th house: Sixth is the house of enemies which represent both external and internal enemies. Since in this horoscope we are not concerned about the material things, there is no question of external enemies. Thus in the punya chakra, the 6th house represent the internal enemies. The shastras (classical texts) speak of six enemies which go by the name shad-ripus, which create hurdles in the spiritual upliftment of the native. By observing Yama and Niyama as mentioned in the yoga sutras of Maharishi Patanjali, one can get over the weaknesses. The weaknesses can be mapped to six planets based on which the weaknesses the native suffered during the lifetime can be deciphered from the punya chakra. Before we do the mapping, we need to understand about the weaknesses. We also should understand that the sattvik (steady state) planets Sun, Moon and Jupiter cannot represent any weaknesses as the root of all weakness is either Tamas (ignorance) or Rajas (predominance of energy).

The SIX weaknesses (the shadripus)
Kama: Kama means attraction and is most widely used to represent the attraction between male and female. The god of love Cupid is known as Kamadev in sanskrit and represent the sexual attraction between male and female. However, Kama is not always that bad as this attraction between opposite sexes cause the entire creation to continue as without progeny, there is no continuation of lineage. In addition, all souls are ultimately attracted to Krishna and thus HE becomes the ultimate Purusha and all the souls or the material creation which is ever eager to disappear in HIM becomes the ultimate Prakriti or the feminine principle. Thus the Rasa Leela in the transidental level shows the eagerness of all the living being to Unite with Krisna and get ONE with him. Hence, the beejakshara for Krishna is Klim which also known as the Kama Beeja. However, at negetive level, the same attraction take the colour of lust which is nothing but being driven by the attitude of having sex others without having the feeling of Love. Thus Kama at a gross material level is nothing but union of male and female body, while at a transidental level, it is the union of two soul, the purusha and the prakriti. The union of two bodies whether at material or spiritual level is guided by Planet Venus and hence it is significator of Kama. This weakness is predominant in Rajas guna and hence there also is a positive side to it, which be enhanced to reach god.

Krodha: Krodha means anger and there is no ambiguity in assigning a planet to this. It is well known that Mars is known as the God of War and is endowed with commanding qualities. The root of anger is Fire and hence only firey Mars qualifies to signify this ripu. A peaceful mind is a mind in perfect harmony with the nature and hence full of sattva while a angry mind is quite destructive as indicated by the tamasic nature of Maritian fire and hence a weakness which should be overcome to be in harmony with others.

Lobha: Lobha means greed or the desire to have something out of proportion. Desire for various things in this material world is quite natural, however when the desire becomes un-natural and it involves an insatiated mentality, where the desire becomes unending, it becomes a weakness. Rahu is the planet behind greed as being opposite of Ketu, who rules of renunciating all material objects, it makes the native run after something which is not really needed for him. Thus the native is under a shadowy viel inside which his ability to judge his true needs become cloudy and he feels a insatiable thrust for material objects. Gautama Buddha said that the root cause of all birth are the desires of the material objects which the native wants to experience. Since the soul cannot experience material objects without a body, it needs to take birth to fulfil his desires. Hence Rahu becomes the significator for getting entangled into the shackles of the material world, while its opposite, Ketu signifies breaking free from the shakles and thus liberation. This weakness is predominant in Tamas Guna.

Moha: Moha means delusion which happens due to Maya or the illusion of the material world. Although the soul is free from all material bondages, he gets attached to the material world due to mana or the mind. This happens due to delusion of the mind which thinks that material existence is the only truth and there is nothing beyond it. The truth is the field of activity of the mind is only possible in this material existence when a false ego makes the native differentiate himself as someone different from the eternal soul, the parama purusha. Since Saturn signifies lie, it represents the great lie, the mind is telling itself, that the material existence is the only true existing and there is nothing beyond that. Only under the influence of a Guru (Jupiter), can the mind realise that the material existence is untrue and is momentory and there is something beyond it, which is true and is also eternal. Thus Saturn signifies this ripu which is predominant in Tamas guna.

Mada: Mada means arrogance, which many also associate with alcohol. The association of alcohol with mada is also apt as alcohol makes a person lose his brain and thus make him forget both good and bad thoughts in his mind and thus making him headless. Hence a person under alcohol cannot control over his senses and end up doing headless acts. Similarly when the identification of the person with ego is very strong, he thinks himself as the king of all consider others as non-entity in front of him. Under such arrogance, the person behaves nothing less than a headless person and end up doing headless things. The condition of such person is similar to a wild elephant who rumles over and shatters everything coming to his way. Such elephant is aptly called Mada-mast hathi, in english which means, elephant exhilerated in pride. In mythology, Ketu is called the tail of the demon whose head was cut by lord Vishnu during the churning of the ocearn. Thus it represents some who is headless. One one hand, the positive side of headlessness represent total surrender to god by renunciating ones eqo and material possession (which happens when you have a head) and thus show liberation; while on the other hand, the negetive side, it represent going against the social norms and natural laws and doing something which is completely unexpected such as terrorism etc. Thus when Ketu's headlessness is applied to the material world, it becomes a weakness, while when this transcends into the spiritual world, it makes the person liberate from the bondage of rebirth. Since in material plane, Ketu is a tamasik planet (like Mars), this weakness is predominant in tamas.

Matsarya: Matsarya can be translated to envy or jealousy. The root of jealousy is comparision of one's ownself with others. Although this becomes the prime driver of growth in this material world, it becomes a weakness in the spiritual world. We all know that only when someone shuns the desire to enjoy the material things in this life, he is free from this matarial world. The desire to compare one self comes from the desire to grow in this material world as shown by the upachayas 3rd and 6th, which are naturally ruled by Mercury. This shows that one should keep doing his duties irrespective of what he gets. Based on karma of different people, they may be endowed with different lives and one should not compare himself and complain to god about this discrepancies. Instead only when is free of the feelings of jealousy, then only he can have full faith on god and trust all his actions without judgement. It is said that jealousy becomes a roadblock even in cause of jealousy of spiritual nature. Envy is caused by the nature of human mind which differentiates one from others, where one sees other to be more prosperous than oneself and this faculty of human mind is governed by childish Mercury. It is no wonder that it is natural to see jealousy in young kids who always compare this possessions with their peers and want those which others possess. Thus something which can help one grow in the material world can cause roadblock in the spiritual arena and thus Jealousy is considered as one of the weaknesses. Thus weakness is however, predominant in rajas and is thus easy to get over, unlike those which are predominant in tamas.
In the book the spiritual dimensions of vedic astrology, the author Robert Koch gave the mapping with the shadripus as:

Kama : Venus
Krodha : Mars
Lobha : Saturn
Moha : Moon
Mada : Sun
Matsarya : Mercury

He additionally says that since the nodes do not have bodies, they do not rule over any of the weaknesses. I humbly beg to differ with the author. Since the weakness comes from darkness, the nodes are the prime governor of the weaknesses being shadowy planets, while the luminaries Sun and the Moon cannot be associated with any weakness. Hence the mapping I have given here is:

Kama : Venus
Krodha : Mars
Lobha : Rahu
Moha : Saturn
Mada : Ketu
Matsarya : Mercury

Discerning readers can evaluate my arguments and form their own opinions on which is the right mapping.

7th house: 7th house is the house of desire and is also called the dvara. It is said that soul enters the planet from the 7th house and also leaves from that house and hence is termed as dvara, which means door. The disposition of this house in the death chart will show whether the native would be born again in this planet or he is liberated from the cycle of re-birth. More number of planets in this house show more rebirths while no planets show no re-birth. Placement of a stronger planet in this house can even show multiple births before he can relinquish his desires and attain moksha. If there are planets in both 7th and 12th house, the native is likely to take birth after staying in the lokas shown by the 12th house for certain time. The duration after which the native has to take birth again can be seen from the natural periods of the planets placed in the 7th house (refer to the lagna section for details).

8th house: 8th house is the house of Sin, something which becomes the cause of re-birth. This shows the consolidated Sin's done by the native in his lifetime. The nature of the sin can be deciphered from the various weaknesses as mentioned above. The punishments for the Sins are quite grave and if they are not forgiven, the native has to take birth for redemption. The Sin's can be forgiven only when devaguru Jupiter has aspects the 8th house.

10th house: 10th house is the house of karma. It is known that the future of an individual is determined from the karma he did before and hence this house is very important in judging the state of native after death. If the native is worked without attachment, then he can attain moksha, whereas if he worked with specific results in mind, he has to come back to earth to experience those results. The 10th house in the punya chart shows the sum total of all karmas performed by the native in his lifetime. If the 10th lord is strong and the 10th house is under benefic influence, the native did good work. Similarly if the 10th lord as well as the house are weak and afflicted, the native has done bad deed and he has to take birth for redemption. The nature of work can also seen from the placement of 10th lord in various houses as well as the influence of various house lords/ planets on the 10th house. If the 10th lord is strong and is influenced by Jupiter and is also connected to the 12th house, the native can attain moksha, else the chances of taking rebirth is quite high.

12th house: 12th house is the house of moksha or liberation from the cycle of rebirth. One attains Moksha if Jupiter is either placed in the 12th or aspects it with Graha drsti. Jupiter represents the wish of the god and hence it indicate that only irrespective of whatever deed a person do, he might not get moksha unless god desired to give him so.

In Bhagavatgita, lord Krishna says that the person attains that, which he was thinking at the moment of his death. Thus only when someone is thinking about God, he can attain him after death. Thus 12th house also shows things which is dominant in the mind of a dying person. Thus it is important to think about god at all times as no one knows when the critical moment of death comes face to face with someone. Only when one remembers god at all times can remember him at the moment of death, else he will think of those things which happened to be there in him mind majority of his life.

Now, if a person does not attain moksha, he can go to various other spiritual planes of existence which are called the Lokas. There are 7 lokas including Earth and similarly there are 7 Talas, which makes it 14 lokas and talas. The Lokas are full of spiritual energies while the talas are full of darkness and ignorance. The 7 lokas are as follows:

Bhurloka - Mars
Bhuvarloka - Sun
Svargaloka - Venus
Janarloka - Moon
Taparloka - Saturn
Mahaloka - Mercury
Satyaloka - Jupiter

To be continued...


Sunday, February 10, 2008

The Chinese Calendar II- Month

Month start and end dates and times for year 2008, based on timezone +08:00 hrs of GMT

Month 01 : 07 Feb 2008 11:45:00 - 08 Mar 2008 01:14:40
Month 02 : 08 Mar 2008 01:14:40 - 06 Apr 2008 11:55:42
Month 03 : 06 Apr 2008 11:55:42 - 05 May 2008 20:18:37
Month 04 : 05 May 2008 20:18:37 - 04 Jun 2008 03:22:58
Month 05 : 04 Jun 2008 03:22:58 - 03 Jul 2008 10:19:00
Month 06 : 03 Jul 2008 10:19:00 - 01 Aug 2008 18:12:59
Month 07 : 01 Aug 2008 18:12:59 - 31 Aug 2008 03:58:30
Month 08 : 31 Aug 2008 03:58:30 - 29 Sep 2008 16:12:44
Month 09 : 29 Sep 2008 16:12:44 - 29 Oct 2008 07:14:21
Month 10 : 29 Oct 2008 07:14:21 - 28 Nov 2008 00:55:07
Month 11 : 28 Nov 2008 00:55:07 - 27 Dec 2008 20:22:55
Month 12 : 27 Dec 2008 20:22:55 - 26 Jan 2009 15:55:49

Wednesday, February 06, 2008

The Chinese Calendar I

Although this calendar is followed by Chinese all over the world, mysteries abound on the computation of this calendar. Like any knowledge developed by ancient civilizations, I consider even this calendar deserves merit to study it in details. The purpose of this article is to provide a brief description and its astronomical basis for those who are interested. When time permits, I will try to contribute more on this subject. I am sure, my understanding of this calendar will increase with such narration of my current understanding.

Tropical or Sidereal
Whenever we discuss about any calendar, we need to know whether the purpose of the calendar is to reckon time with respect to seasons or with respect to fixed stars. Like any other calendar which was developed to keep track of the seasons for agricultural purposes, this calendar is a tropical calendar and tries to synchronize with the season markers such as equinoxes and solstices. However, instead of this being a solar calendar which traces the beginning and end of the calendar to the beginning and end of the the tropical zodiac (where beginning of Aries is tagged to vernal equinox), this calendar is a synodic calendar, which is based on the movement of Sun as well as the Moon. It is worthy to mention that most part of India also follows synodic calendar while also keeping it synchronous with the seasons by adding or subtracting intercalary months.

However, part of India also follow Sidereal calendar which is marked by movement of Sun in the sidereal zodiac i.e., with respect to the fixed stars and for them the year starts with the movement of Sun into the sidereal Aries somewhere on April 14 (as of now).

Start of the Year
The year starts on the day Sun and Moon conjoins in Tropical Aquarius. Thus the first day of this calendar is the 1st day of the bright half (shukla paksha) as per the amanta calendar followed in certain parts of India. One should note here is that the exact moment of conjunction of Sun and Moon marks the end of New Moon and beginning of the bright half.

Although the time of conjunction of Sun and Moon is known to start the Chinese calendar, the date of celebration would need further consideration. Since in actual practice, we follow the civil calendar (Gregorian calendar) and the civil time (24hrs day), we need to know which day should be taken as per the Gregorian calendar for the celebration of the new year. As per this civil time the day on which the Moon conjoins the Sun (irrespective of the part of the day) is treated as the start of new year. Thus if the conjunction happens before 00:00 hrs, the current day is treated as th new year, else, the next day will be so treated.

Based on this principles, the CNY dates for various years are given below. I have considered timezone +08:00 East of GMT for the time of beginning of the year, i.e, the beginning of bright half (shukla pratipada). Based on the timezone, the date can vary.

4645 - 1948 : 10 Feb 1948 11:02:22 - 29 Jan 1949 10:42:43 : Rat : Earth
4646 - 1949 : 29 Jan 1949 10:42:43 - 17 Feb 1950 06:53:25 : Ox : Earth
4647 - 1950 : 17 Feb 1950 06:53:25 - 06 Feb 1951 15:54:11 : Tiger : Metal
4648 - 1951 : 06 Feb 1951 15:54:11 - 27 Jan 1952 06:26:46 : Rabbit : Metal
4649 - 1952 : 27 Jan 1952 06:26:46 - 14 Feb 1953 09:10:42 : Dragon : Water
4650 - 1953 : 14 Feb 1953 09:10:42 - 03 Feb 1954 23:55:52 : Snake : Water
4651 - 1954 : 03 Feb 1954 23:55:52 - 24 Jan 1955 09:07:09 : Horse : Wood
4652 - 1955 : 24 Jan 1955 09:07:09 - 12 Feb 1956 05:38:17 : Sheep : Wood
4653 - 1956 : 12 Feb 1956 05:38:17 - 31 Jan 1957 05:25:13 : Monkey : Fire
4654 - 1957 : 31 Jan 1957 05:25:13 - 20 Jan 1958 06:08:20 : Rooster: Fire
4655 - 1958 : 20 Jan 1958 06:08:20 - 08 Feb 1959 03:22:35 : Dog : Earth
4656 - 1959 : 08 Feb 1959 03:22:35 - 28 Jan 1960 14:15:36 : Pig : Earth
4657 - 1960 : 28 Jan 1960 14:15:36 - 15 Feb 1961 16:10:47 : Rat : Metal
4658 - 1961 : 15 Feb 1961 16:10:47 - 05 Feb 1962 08:10:21 : Ox : Metal
4659 - 1962 : 05 Feb 1962 08:10:21 - 25 Jan 1963 21:42:23 : Tiger : Water
4660 - 1963 : 25 Jan 1963 21:42:23 - 13 Feb 1964 21:01:41 : Rabbit : Water
4661 - 1964 : 13 Feb 1964 21:01:41 - 02 Feb 1965 00:36:06 : Dragon : Wood
4662 - 1965 : 02 Feb 1965 00:36:06 - 21 Jan 1966 23:46:44 : Snake : Wood
4663 - 1966 : 21 Jan 1966 23:46:44 - 09 Feb 1967 18:44:23 : Horse : Fire
4664 - 1967 : 09 Feb 1967 18:44:23 - 30 Jan 1968 00:29:41 : Sheep : Fire
4665 - 1968 : 30 Jan 1968 00:29:41 - 17 Feb 1969 00:25:31 : Monkey : Earth
4666 - 1969 : 17 Feb 1969 00:25:31 - 06 Feb 1970 15:13:17 : Rooster: Earth
4667 - 1970 : 06 Feb 1970 15:13:17 - 27 Jan 1971 06:55:35 : Dog : Metal
4668 - 1971 : 27 Jan 1971 06:55:35 - 15 Feb 1972 08:29:15 : Pig : Metal
4669 - 1972 : 15 Feb 1972 08:29:15 - 03 Feb 1973 17:23:22 : Rat : Water
4670 - 1973 : 03 Feb 1973 17:23:22 - 23 Jan 1974 19:02:29 : Ox : Water
4671 - 1974 : 23 Jan 1974 19:02:29 - 11 Feb 1975 13:17:27 : Tiger : Wood
4672 - 1975 : 11 Feb 1975 13:17:27 - 31 Jan 1976 14:20:43 : Rabbit : Wood
4673 - 1976 : 31 Jan 1976 14:20:43 - 18 Feb 1977 11:37:23 : Dragon : Fire
4674 - 1977 : 18 Feb 1977 11:37:23 - 07 Feb 1978 22:54:28 : Snake : Fire
4675 - 1978 : 07 Feb 1978 22:54:28 - 28 Jan 1979 14:19:59 : Horse : Earth
4676 - 1979 : 28 Jan 1979 14:19:59 - 16 Feb 1980 16:51:20 : Sheep : Earth
4677 - 1980 : 16 Feb 1980 16:51:20 - 05 Feb 1981 06:14:16 : Monkey : Metal
4678 - 1981 : 05 Feb 1981 06:14:16 - 25 Jan 1982 12:56:30 : Rooster: Metal
4679 - 1982 : 25 Jan 1982 12:56:30 - 13 Feb 1983 08:32:24 : Dog : Water
4680 - 1983 : 13 Feb 1983 08:32:24 - 02 Feb 1984 07:47:00 : Pig : Water
4681 - 1984 : 02 Feb 1984 07:47:00 - 21 Jan 1985 10:28:48 : Rat : Wood
4682 - 1985 : 21 Jan 1985 10:28:48 - 09 Feb 1986 08:55:49 : Ox : Wood
4683 - 1986 : 09 Feb 1986 08:55:49 - 29 Jan 1987 21:44:58 : Tiger : Fire
4684 - 1987 : 29 Jan 1987 21:44:58 - 17 Feb 1988 23:54:42 : Rabbit : Fire
4685 - 1988 : 17 Feb 1988 23:54:42 - 06 Feb 1989 15:37:25 : Dragon : Earth
4686 - 1989 : 06 Feb 1989 15:37:25 - 27 Jan 1990 03:20:33 : Snake : Earth
4687 - 1990 : 27 Jan 1990 03:20:33 - 15 Feb 1991 01:32:15 : Horse : Metal
4688 - 1991 : 15 Feb 1991 01:32:15 - 04 Feb 1992 03:00:14 : Sheep : Metal
4689 - 1992 : 04 Feb 1992 03:00:14 - 23 Jan 1993 02:27:27 : Monkey : Water
4690 - 1993 : 23 Jan 1993 02:27:27 - 10 Feb 1994 22:30:27 : Rooster: Water
4691 - 1994 : 10 Feb 1994 22:30:27 - 31 Jan 1995 06:48:13 : Dog : Wood
4692 - 1995 : 31 Jan 1995 06:48:13 - 19 Feb 1996 07:30:36 : Pig : Wood
4693 - 1996 : 19 Feb 1996 07:30:36 - 07 Feb 1997 23:06:42 : Rat : Fire
4694 - 1997 : 07 Feb 1997 23:06:42 - 28 Jan 1998 14:01:19 : Ox : Fire
4695 - 1998 : 28 Jan 1998 14:01:19 - 16 Feb 1999 14:39:12 : Tiger : Earth
4696 - 1999 : 16 Feb 1999 14:39:12 - 05 Feb 2000 21:03:50 : Rabbit : Earth
4697 - 2000 : 05 Feb 2000 21:03:50 - 24 Jan 2001 21:07:26 : Dragon : Metal
4698 - 2001 : 24 Jan 2001 21:07:26 - 12 Feb 2002 15:41:28 : Snake : Metal
4699 - 2002 : 12 Feb 2002 15:41:28 - 01 Feb 2003 18:48:54 : Horse : Water
4700 - 2003 : 01 Feb 2003 18:48:54 - 22 Jan 2004 05:05:21 : Sheep : Water
4701 - 2004 : 22 Jan 2004 05:05:21 - 09 Feb 2005 06:28:28 : Monkey : Wood
4702 - 2005 : 09 Feb 2005 06:28:28 - 29 Jan 2006 22:15:03 : Rooster: Wood
4703 - 2006 : 29 Jan 2006 22:15:03 - 18 Feb 2007 00:14:43 : Dog : Fire
4704 - 2007 : 18 Feb 2007 00:14:43 - 07 Feb 2008 11:45:00 : Pig : Fire
4705 - 2008 : 07 Feb 2008 11:45:00 - 26 Jan 2009 15:55:49 : Rat : Earth
4706 - 2009 : 26 Jan 2009 15:55:49 - 14 Feb 2010 10:51:50 : Ox : Earth
4707 - 2010 : 14 Feb 2010 10:51:50 - 03 Feb 2011 10:31:10 : Tiger : Metal
4708 - 2011 : 03 Feb 2011 10:31:10 - 23 Jan 2012 15:39:43 : Rabbit : Metal
4709 - 2012 : 23 Jan 2012 15:39:43 - 10 Feb 2013 15:20:30 : Dragon : Water
4710 - 2013 : 10 Feb 2013 15:20:30 - 31 Jan 2014 05:38:53 : Snake : Water
4711 - 2014 : 31 Jan 2014 05:38:53 - 20 Jan 2015 21:14:03 : Horse : Wood
4712 - 2015 : 20 Jan 2015 21:14:03 - 08 Feb 2016 22:39:17** : Sheep: Wood
4713 - 2016 : 08 Feb 2016 22:39:17 - 28 Jan 2017 08:07:27 : Monkey : Fire
4714 - 2017 : 28 Jan 2017 08:07:27 - 16 Feb 2018 05:05:38 : Rooster: Fire
4715 - 2018 : 16 Feb 2018 05:05:38 - 05 Feb 2019 05:04:01 : Dog : Earth
4716 - 2019 : 05 Feb 2019 05:04:01 - 25 Jan 2020 05:42:23 : Pig : Earth
4717 - 2020 : 25 Jan 2020 05:42:23 - 12 Feb 2021 03:06:00 : Rat : Metal
4718 - 2021 : 12 Feb 2021 03:06:00 - 01 Feb 2022 13:46:16 : Ox : Metal
4719 - 2022 : 01 Feb 2022 13:46:16 - 22 Jan 2023 04:53:28 : Tiger : Water
4720 - 2023 : 22 Jan 2023 04:53:28 - 10 Feb 2024 06:59:23 : Rabbit : Water
4721 - 2024 : 10 Feb 2024 06:59:23 - 29 Jan 2025 20:36:12 : Dragon : Wood
4722 - 2025 : 29 Jan 2025 20:36:12 - 17 Feb 2026 20:01:23 : Snake : Wood
4723 - 2026 : 17 Feb 2026 20:01:23 - 06 Feb 2027 23:56:23 : Horse : Fire
4724 - 2027 : 06 Feb 2027 23:56:23 - 26 Jan 2028 23:12:46 : Sheep : Fire
4725 - 2028 : 26 Jan 2028 23:12:46 - 13 Feb 2029 18:31:44 : Monkey : Earth
4726 - 2029 : 13 Feb 2029 18:31:44 - 03 Feb 2030 00:07:40 : Rooster: Earth
4727 - 2030 : 03 Feb 2030 00:07:40 - 23 Jan 2031 12:31:05 : Dog : Metal
4728 - 2031 : 23 Jan 2031 12:31:05 - 11 Feb 2032 14:24:18 : Pig : Metal
4729 - 2032 : 11 Feb 2032 14:24:18 - 31 Jan 2033 05:59:55 : Rat : Water
4730 - 2033 : 31 Jan 2033 05:59:55 - 20 Jan 2034 18:01:37 : Ox : Water
4731 - 2034 : 20 Jan 2034 18:01:37 - 08 Feb 2035 16:22:14 : Tiger : Wood
4732 - 2035 : 08 Feb 2035 16:22:14 - 28 Jan 2036 18:17:19 : Rabbit : Wood
4733 - 2036 : 28 Jan 2036 18:17:19 - 15 Feb 2037 12:54:12 : Dragon : Fire
4734 - 2037 : 15 Feb 2037 12:54:12 - 04 Feb 2038 13:52:14 : Snake : Fire
4735 - 2038 : 04 Feb 2038 13:52:14 - 24 Jan 2039 21:36:05 : Horse : Earth
4736 - 2039 : 24 Jan 2039 21:36:05 - 12 Feb 2040 22:24:22 : Sheep : Earth
4737 - 2040 : 12 Feb 2040 22:24:22 - 01 Feb 2041 13:42:48 : Monkey : Metal
4738 - 2041 : 01 Feb 2041 13:42:48 - 22 Jan 2042 04:41:59 : Rooster: Metal
4739 - 2042 : 22 Jan 2042 04:41:59 - 10 Feb 2043 05:07:38 : Dog : Water
4740 - 2043 : 10 Feb 2043 05:07:38 - 30 Jan 2044 12:04:28 : Pig : Water
4741 - 2044 : 30 Jan 2044 12:04:28 - 17 Feb 2045 07:51:06 : Rat : Wood
4742 - 2045 : 17 Feb 2045 07:51:06 - 06 Feb 2046 07:09:40 : Ox : Wood
4743 - 2046 : 06 Feb 2046 07:09:40 - 26 Jan 2047 09:43:39 : Tiger : Fire
4744 - 2047 : 26 Jan 2047 09:43:39 - 14 Feb 2048 08:31:21 : Rabbit : Fire
4745 - 2048 : 14 Feb 2048 08:31:21 - 02 Feb 2049 21:15:36 : Dragon : Earth
4746 - 2049 : 02 Feb 2049 21:15:36 - 23 Jan 2050 12:56:41 : Snake : Earth
4747 - 2050 : 23 Jan 2050 12:56:41 - 11 Feb 2051 14:41:18 : Horse : Metal
4748 - 2051 : 11 Feb 2051 14:41:18 - 01 Feb 2052 02:30:05 : Sheep : Metal
4749 - 2052 : 01 Feb 2052 02:30:05 - 19 Feb 2053 00:31:19 : Monkey : Water
4750 - 2053 : 19 Feb 2053 00:31:19 - 08 Feb 2054 02:13:50 : Rooster: Water
4751 - 2054 : 08 Feb 2054 02:13:50 - 28 Jan 2055 01:39:13 : Dog : Wood
4752 - 2055 : 28 Jan 2055 01:39:13 - 15 Feb 2056 21:59:40 : Pig : Wood
4753 - 2056 : 15 Feb 2056 21:59:40 - 04 Feb 2057 06:10:21 : Rat : Fire
4754 - 2057 : 04 Feb 2057 06:10:21 - 24 Jan 2058 20:14:05 : Ox : Fire
4755 - 2058 : 24 Jan 2058 20:14:05 - 12 Feb 2059 22:27:12 : Tiger : Earth
4756 - 2059 : 12 Feb 2059 22:27:12 - 02 Feb 2060 13:22:26 : Rabbit : Earth
4757 - 2060 : 02 Feb 2060 13:22:26 - 21 Jan 2061 23:16:12 : Dragon : Metal
4758 - 2061 : 21 Jan 2061 23:16:12 - 09 Feb 2062 20:10:38 : Snake : Metal
4759 - 2062 : 09 Feb 2062 20:10:38 - 29 Jan 2063 20:23:09 : Horse : Water
4760 - 2063 : 29 Jan 2063 20:23:09 - 17 Feb 2064 15:02:58 : Sheep : Water
4761 - 2064 : 17 Feb 2064 15:02:58 - 05 Feb 2065 18:02:11 : Monkey : Wood
4762 - 2065 : 05 Feb 2065 18:02:11 - 26 Jan 2066 04:14:09 : Rooster: Wood
4763 - 2066 : 26 Jan 2066 04:14:09 - 14 Feb 2067 05:57:26 : Dog : Fire
4764 - 2067 : 14 Feb 2067 05:57:26 - 03 Feb 2068 21:44:33 : Pig : Fire

** In these years, there are two conjunctions of Sun & Moon in Tropical Aquarius out of which the 2nd one should be taken as the beginning of the year. Based on this, the dates would require revision. (I will do it in my next revision of this article.)


Monday, February 04, 2008

Karma & Destiny

Written in
Date: Nov 5, 2000

I am writing something which i was willing to write for many days but couldn't get the time to do that. In a mail, I supported the concept of fatalism and said that I shall write some more things on the same topic. Here I shall write my understanding of two things:

1. How the karmic forces influence us?
2. How do the planets interfere in the life of human?

Anyone who has read the Hindu scriptures or understand the Indian philosophy wouldn't deny the influence of karmic forces in the life of human beings and the theory of life, death and rebirth; the theory of reincarnation. karma and all the above mentioned concepts are highly related and intertwined.

Whatever we do is the karma and also reap the result of the karma. The result may be got in this birth or the next birth. When we think that why shall we get the result of this birth in our subsequent birth, we may not get an answer if we think as a physical body. But if we consider to be spiritual beings and come to the earth for a brief journey, they we may feel that though the body has changed, we haven't- we are the same being in different body... u may call the being as the soul. Irrespective of the body the soul presently have, he has to borne the result of the past karma.

The results are nothing but the situations that arise in our life-good or bad, the events that happen in our life-good or bad. But then these situations and events force us to behave in a particular way... that is the karma we are performing in this birth...which again will cause some situations or events to happen in the future. If this is the case are we really so much bound by the unending chain of cause and action...karma and the result, which we cannot get out from this chain. Is the situation so hopeless? No, it is not... The situation is not so much hopeless... we have free will. But the natural question arise here is that if we are so much bound by the cycle of cause and effect, where is the scope of freewill? Though apparently there seems that there is no scope, there is enough scope for exercise of the free will.. I will explain it after sometime. But let me say something else before that.

Now I shall take up the issue of who is the doer? Are you are the doer of whatever you are doing? You would find the answer very soon! Just think, how many organisms you kill when you respire.. How many ants or insects you kill when you walk over any place. These figures are innumerable. If you are asked that who is the killer all these organisms, you would probably say that it is not you. Because the death of these organisms had come that’s why they went into your mouth when you respired or came below your feet when you walked. Again think how many people you influence knowingly or unknowingly in day which leads them to act in a particular way. Let’s take an example here, you had a fight with some one say Ram and that fellow got so much angry that he tried to kill someone else say Balram. Here if you analyze the charts of all the persons involved in the process you would find that there is some indication of this happening. You will feel that it is a mere coincidence that these things happen that way only. Balram was supposed to be threatened by
Ram at that moment and Ram was supposed to have a fight with you at that moment, that is why it happened. You are only a link in the chain of cause and effect.

When a person say Parshuram has to die, he may get a heart attack, but do you say that heart attack was the doer of the death of the person. No, probably you do not. We would rather say that the heart attract was the cause of the effect (Heart attack). But if someone else says Kashiram kills Parshuram, why we say that the Kashiram has killed Parshuram, why don't we say that Kashiram was only a means to the end or a cause to an effect or an instrument with which Parshuram was supposed to be killed. Extrapolating the same concept we may see that whatever we do have some or other implication whatever may be its intensity-small or large. We must understand that the implications had to happen that is why we were inspired to the action.

In all the cases we have means to some end which again becomes the means to some other end and the chain goes on. In these chain all these means and ends or the causes and effects are the links. In other words we are not the doer whatever we do, we are only means or the instruments in the hands of some invisible force. But the question here is why we do the things the way we do. Why we don't do it in some other way. Could we have done the things we did in our past in some other way? I would say because each of the actions done by us lead to many other actions and which would lead to many other and if analyse the horoscopes of all these situations we would see that there are indications of their happening the way they have happened, it is very unlikely that the actions performed could have been performed in some other way. Again as answer to the question why we acted in a particular way in a given situation, who inspired us to behave in that way, I would say that it is the PRAKRITI and THE GUNA of the person, who inspired him to act in a particular way. We act in a particular way in a given situation, because we get the urge to act that way. And this urge is controlled by the PRAKRITI and GUNA we have.

If we introspect on the teachings of GITA we will find the same essence that we are not the doers, we are only an instrument in the hands of someone else (KRISHNA/ BRAHMAN/ SUPREME CONSCIOUSNESS). When we are not the doers, why do we expect the result of the actions performed by us. Let’s take an analogy to understand this. Let’s say you have invented a robot which works for you. You programmed (PRAKRITI/GUNA) the robot to kill some one or help someone. If the robot kills or helps someone, do you condemn or praise the robot for those actions. Probably not. You, who have programmed the robot should be accountable for or held responsible for whatever the result. So when we are not the doers, we should not expect the result of the actions we have performed rather we shall surrender ourselves to the supreme and accept whatever he does with us.

Now I shall take up the topic of free will. Before that we shall know that the human birth has some importance attached to it. It is not a mere accident. This is a vehicle with which we can attain the BRAHMAN or self realization. This the birth which accumulates karma (good or bad). Because we don't have any control of the situations or the events or the actions we are doing, what matter is the attitude with which we are doing the same job. Different attitude towards the same action can accumulate different types of Karma. Here comes the importance of FREE WILL. How we are performing the karma and not what we are performing. If a person does a particular action with the feeling that he is doer of the karma, then the result-negative or positive will be accumulated in his repertoire of karma and may lead to bad or good situation in subsequent or even the same birth. But even the good or prosperous condition as a result of a good karma is not that good as it attach the soul to the material world. But if the same action is done with complete self surrender to the BRAHMAN, then whatever the result may be good or bad won't be having any effect on his karma repertoire rather he will exhaust some of his past accumulated karma in the process, and in a way break some links of the chain binding him to this material world and move towards attainment of self-realization. Thus we can exert our freewill in having an attitude which take us towards self-realization, i.e., the attitude of self-surrender to the supreme and have unbroken faith in his actions. If we have the same attitude in all of our actions we would see that our ego is vanishing and we are reaching towards supreme/infinite consciousness from individual/ finite consciousness.

Thus though we seemed to be bound by the law of time-space and causation or though the destiny seems to be fatalistic, we can get out of this unending cycle by exerting our free will in surrendering ourselves to the almighty.

Lets see how with self-less or surrendered action we can reach near the almighty. Here we see what the prakriti of a person is? It is accumulation of attitudes. If we behave in a particular way in a given type of situation similarly again and again repeatedly, it becomes our inherent nature (this is the prakriti) and we would spontaneously behave the same way in future given similar situation. Thus with exertion of free our nature of self surrender would become more and more strong and more and more we reach near the goal of self realisation.

Now let me take the issue of planetary movements and human destiny. Here I have some different viewpoints. If we presume that everything is governed by some law and nothing is haphazard or accident, then everything can be predicted. We can predict the motion of earth around the sun very precisely because it is a regular motion and guided by some celestial law. Had it been haphazard, we couldn't have predicted that. Take anything in the universe from the smallest atom to the galaxies, everything is guided by some law and hence have some pattern in their behaviour. If we understand the underlying pattern in their behaviour we can predict how they would behave in future. Deciphering the underlying pattern is the most difficult this. There is chaos nowhere.... everywhere there is a very regular patterned behaviour we fail to decipher and we see chaos. Let’s take an example to see this. Let’s try to find the pattern the given series of number.


Here if we are asked to predict the next number, we may feel apparently that there is no pattern but a jumble of number instead. But if we try to analyse deeply, we would find that this is an interweaving of three different series.

1,2,3,4,5,6,7 2,3,5,7,11,13 (prime numbers) 4,9,25,49,121,169 (squares of the prime numbers)

Now that we have deciphered the pattern in the series, we can predict the next number in the series. Even in case we don't find any pattern after any number of try, which would mean that we haven't explored the total possible environment of the system. For example if we have series like

1278838923484981 here we may not find any pattern but if more data is taken we would find that there is a repetition of the following set of numbers in the total system, and that is the pattern.


AND because nothing in this universe is unconnected with each other, there is a pattern of relation within so called apparently unconnected systems. Though it seem that solar system, the universe and the earth and the life in earth are unconnected system, they are the part of a bigger system. So if the pattern of connection or the relation between these apparent unconnected system is deciphered, the future can be predicted taking cues from any part of the whole system.

Maharihis have tried to decipher how the planets and the stars in the sky during the birth of a person is connected to the destiny of that person. Thus they have found out the pattern of such connections and that is jyotisha. Thus the configuration of planet during the birth time can only indicate but not influence the destiny of the person. This is somewhat similar to statistical analysis of trend over a period of time. The coorelation between the celestial even and the occurance of a particular incidence in a persons life has been found out and wherever they are found to be strongly coorelated, those predicters are retained. But coorelation by itself doesn't show any causal relationship. This is why we can predict the destiny from palm of our hands. That doesn't show that the lines in our palms cause somethings in our life, but only show that there is a high correlation between the lines and the events occuring in the life. This can be done with any such thing which is seemingly unrelated to us... but in this case deciphering the pattern will be very difficult or near to impossible. Because the law operating everywhere is the same everywhere, the properties present in the macrocosm is also present in the microcosm. Thus those this which can be predicted with the help of planets and stars in the sky, can also be predicted with the help of palm or for that matter the little finger or thumb alone. For that matter we can go much smaller level to the genetic composition of the person. Everything would yeild the same result.

Now I shall end with a statement which may stimulate some thinking... "If we are guided by our own karma, prakriti and Guna, why are we allowing the planets to interfere with our destiny and influence us" Why we bring planets in the picture to govern us, whereas in reality it is not so. "PLANET CAN ONLY INDICATE BUT NOT INFLUENCE OUR DESTINY"