Monday, February 25, 2008

10th from svamsa- A closer look

In aphorism 1.2.39 of Jaimini Sutra, Maharishi Jaimini explains the result of placement of Planets in the 10th from svamsa.

रिफे बुधदृष्टे वा मन्दवत्॥
riphe budhadṛṣṭe vā mandavat||

Mercury aspecting the 10th from svamsa indicate results like Saturn. Maharishi explains in previous stanza that when Saturn is placed in the svamsa makes a person achieve success in any line of activity due to sheer hard work. They also tend to become traditional. However, the thing to note here is that why Mercury in the 10th give results as if Saturn in svamsa. The clue to decipher this lies in counting the number of planets in the weekday order starting from the planet placed in the 10th to svamsa. Thus if Mercury is placed in the 10th then counting in the weekday order we have Mercury (10th)-Jupiter(11th)-Venus(12th)-"Saturn(svama)", thus we arrive at Saturn. Applying this principle, we can understand the influence of other planets on the 10th of svamsa.

The weekday order is Sun-Moon-Mars-Mercury-Jupiter-Venus-Saturn-Rahu-Ketu. Thus the planets influence on the 10th will be:

Sun - Mercury
Moon - Jupiter
Mars - Venus
Mercury - Saturn
Jupiter - Rahu
Venus - Ketu
Saturn - Sun
Rahu - Moon
Ketu - Mars

Thus if Sun is placed in the 10th house, the effect can be read as same as Mercury's placement in the svamsa, which according to Maharishi Jaimini makes the person a mimansaka or someone who follows the middle path of Buddha.

Sunday, February 24, 2008

Navamsa lagna in various houses from Rasi Lagna

Jaimini Sutras 4.3.69 - 4.3.73
यत्ने अंशत॥
yatne aṁśata||
The result of navamsa lagna in various houses as counted form the rasi lagna is explained in the following aphorisms.

राज्ये नीचः॥
rājye nīcaḥ||
If the navamsa lagna is placed in a sign which is in the 12th house from the rasi lagna, the native will be base and gross.

धने कामी॥
dhane kāmī||
If the navamsa lagna is placed in the 9th house from the rasi lagna, the native will be passionate.

धर्मे मोक्षः॥
dharme mokṣaḥ||
If the navamsa lagna is placed in the 11th house from the rasi lagna, the native will attain moksha.

धान्ये पापी॥
dhānye pāpī||
If the navamsa lagna is in the 7th house from the rasi lagna, the native will be sinful.

The aphorisms given above give us the clue on how to analyze the placement of navamsa lagna in various sign as seen from the rasi lagna. For example, if the rasi lagna is placed in Aries and the navamsa lagna is placed in the Taurus, which is 2nd from the rasi lagna, what kind of results can be read from such placements. This helps us in a big way in fixing the right navamsa lagna if there are doubts in doing so.

The principles of judging the results from placement of navamsa lagna with respect to the rasi lagna is not given straight away and Maharishi Jaimini wants us to decipher them based on the examples he has given for few houses. Here, our tradition comes to our rescue, which says that whichever house the navamsa lagna is placed with respect to the rasi lagna, the 2nd house from it will be pronounced in the life of the native. Thus if the navamsa lagna is in the 11th from the rasi lagna, the 2nd house from it, which is 12th house gains prominence and the native can even attain moksha.

Now why 2nd house? Well! this is based on two principles:

1. Since Navamsa governs over our past life and spiritual merit (dharma), it also has a strong say on the fruit of actions we have to experience due to karma of past lives. Hence whichever sign the navamsa lagna is placed, the 5th from it confers good fortune on the native and that house should be treates as if lagna lord is placed over there. Thus if the navamsa lagna is placed in the 11th house, the 5th from it, i.e., 3rd house makes the person full of initiative and fortunate.

2. The house of achievement in this life would be the 10th house counted from the house obtained before (5th from the navamsa lagna), which happens to be the 2nd house from the lagna. Thus the areas the native attains prominence in this life will be shown by the 2nd house from the navamsa lagna as seen in the rasi chart. One should note the sign, house, planets and yogas in this house to judge the nature of results.

What maharishi gave in the 4 aphorisms are only guide to the nature of results as seen from the navamsa lagna's placement from the rasi lagna. They are however only indicative and not comprehensive. Intelligent astrologers should apply the common principles of houses, planets and the yogas to decipher more. The following section gives a more detailed analysis (although not exhaustive).

To be continued...


Friday, February 15, 2008

Punya Chakra

Punya Chakra is used for determining the whereabouts of the soul after death. The term Punya means good deed as in Hinduism death is considered as the eternal truth and the freedom from the world of suffering, the mrityu loka or earth. Hence the chart casted at the moment of death is called the Punya Chakra, which in lay men's terms can be translated as the horoscope of death. Similar to the birth chart, which shows the details of the experiences of the soul after birth, the death chart shows the details of the soul after death. This is an important tool of vedic-astrology to decipher the condition and the whereabouts of the soul after death based on which various obsevances such as Sraddha etc. can be done to pacify a wandering soul.

So far this tool has been a closely guarded secret of the Sri Jagannath Center tradition and was disclosed for the first time for the aspiring astrologers by Pt. Sanjay Rath in 2005 in the SJC west coast conference. In this article, I will enunciate the principles and also analyse some charts to make the concepts clearer.


The houses which are key to the analysis of the punya chakra are the 1st, 6th, 7th, 8th, 10th and 12th houses.

1st house: The exact nature of death can be seen from the 1st house. If there are malefics in the 1st house or it is occupied with Gulika or Mandi, the death of the native could be painful. In addition to the 1st house, the trines i.e., the 5th and 9th should also be checked to ascertain the details of the moment of dearth. Presence of benefics in the lagna or the trines can indicate peaceful death such as dying in sleep or in leaving the body in deep meditation.

After death, the soul is likely to stay in this planet for sometime before it is guided to other planes of existence. Shastras say that the minimum duration of stay in this planet is of 12days and in most cases the maximum duration is of 9 years. However, the maximum duration can be overridden by specific yogas, whereby the soul would wander even longer. The duration of stay can be seen from the natural duration governed by the planets and the navamsa occupied by them in the punya chakra. The natural duration of planets are as follows:
Moon   - a day**
Mars - a week**
Venus - a fortnight
Jupiter- a month
Mercury- a season, which is same as 2 months period
Sun - an ayana which is same as 6 months period (the period of uttrayana and dakshinayana)
Saturn - a year

If lets say in someone's death chart, Sun is placed in the Lagna and is placed in 5th navamsa. The duration, the soul will stay in earth would be 5 ayanas which is equivalent to (5 ayana *6 months) 30 months or 2.5 years.

**For Moon, it is always 12 days irrespective of the navamsa of the Moon. However, for Mars, if the duration arrived is less than 12 days, then it is 12 days, however if it is more than 12 days, that many days the soul will stay on earth.

The exact duration can be found by using the following formula
Planetary duration * Planet's longitude /

6th house: Sixth is the house of enemies which represent both external and internal enemies. Since in this horoscope we are not concerned about the material things, there is no question of external enemies. Thus in the punya chakra, the 6th house represent the internal enemies. The shastras (classical texts) speak of six enemies which go by the name shad-ripus, which create hurdles in the spiritual upliftment of the native. By observing Yama and Niyama as mentioned in the yoga sutras of Maharishi Patanjali, one can get over the weaknesses. The weaknesses can be mapped to six planets based on which the weaknesses the native suffered during the lifetime can be deciphered from the punya chakra. Before we do the mapping, we need to understand about the weaknesses. We also should understand that the sattvik (steady state) planets Sun, Moon and Jupiter cannot represent any weaknesses as the root of all weakness is either Tamas (ignorance) or Rajas (predominance of energy).

The SIX weaknesses (the shadripus)
Kama: Kama means attraction and is most widely used to represent the attraction between male and female. The god of love Cupid is known as Kamadev in sanskrit and represent the sexual attraction between male and female. However, Kama is not always that bad as this attraction between opposite sexes cause the entire creation to continue as without progeny, there is no continuation of lineage. In addition, all souls are ultimately attracted to Krishna and thus HE becomes the ultimate Purusha and all the souls or the material creation which is ever eager to disappear in HIM becomes the ultimate Prakriti or the feminine principle. Thus the Rasa Leela in the transidental level shows the eagerness of all the living being to Unite with Krisna and get ONE with him. Hence, the beejakshara for Krishna is Klim which also known as the Kama Beeja. However, at negetive level, the same attraction take the colour of lust which is nothing but being driven by the attitude of having sex others without having the feeling of Love. Thus Kama at a gross material level is nothing but union of male and female body, while at a transidental level, it is the union of two soul, the purusha and the prakriti. The union of two bodies whether at material or spiritual level is guided by Planet Venus and hence it is significator of Kama. This weakness is predominant in Rajas guna and hence there also is a positive side to it, which be enhanced to reach god.

Krodha: Krodha means anger and there is no ambiguity in assigning a planet to this. It is well known that Mars is known as the God of War and is endowed with commanding qualities. The root of anger is Fire and hence only firey Mars qualifies to signify this ripu. A peaceful mind is a mind in perfect harmony with the nature and hence full of sattva while a angry mind is quite destructive as indicated by the tamasic nature of Maritian fire and hence a weakness which should be overcome to be in harmony with others.

Lobha: Lobha means greed or the desire to have something out of proportion. Desire for various things in this material world is quite natural, however when the desire becomes un-natural and it involves an insatiated mentality, where the desire becomes unending, it becomes a weakness. Rahu is the planet behind greed as being opposite of Ketu, who rules of renunciating all material objects, it makes the native run after something which is not really needed for him. Thus the native is under a shadowy viel inside which his ability to judge his true needs become cloudy and he feels a insatiable thrust for material objects. Gautama Buddha said that the root cause of all birth are the desires of the material objects which the native wants to experience. Since the soul cannot experience material objects without a body, it needs to take birth to fulfil his desires. Hence Rahu becomes the significator for getting entangled into the shackles of the material world, while its opposite, Ketu signifies breaking free from the shakles and thus liberation. This weakness is predominant in Tamas Guna.

Moha: Moha means delusion which happens due to Maya or the illusion of the material world. Although the soul is free from all material bondages, he gets attached to the material world due to mana or the mind. This happens due to delusion of the mind which thinks that material existence is the only truth and there is nothing beyond it. The truth is the field of activity of the mind is only possible in this material existence when a false ego makes the native differentiate himself as someone different from the eternal soul, the parama purusha. Since Saturn signifies lie, it represents the great lie, the mind is telling itself, that the material existence is the only true existing and there is nothing beyond that. Only under the influence of a Guru (Jupiter), can the mind realise that the material existence is untrue and is momentory and there is something beyond it, which is true and is also eternal. Thus Saturn signifies this ripu which is predominant in Tamas guna.

Mada: Mada means arrogance, which many also associate with alcohol. The association of alcohol with mada is also apt as alcohol makes a person lose his brain and thus make him forget both good and bad thoughts in his mind and thus making him headless. Hence a person under alcohol cannot control over his senses and end up doing headless acts. Similarly when the identification of the person with ego is very strong, he thinks himself as the king of all consider others as non-entity in front of him. Under such arrogance, the person behaves nothing less than a headless person and end up doing headless things. The condition of such person is similar to a wild elephant who rumles over and shatters everything coming to his way. Such elephant is aptly called Mada-mast hathi, in english which means, elephant exhilerated in pride. In mythology, Ketu is called the tail of the demon whose head was cut by lord Vishnu during the churning of the ocearn. Thus it represents some who is headless. One one hand, the positive side of headlessness represent total surrender to god by renunciating ones eqo and material possession (which happens when you have a head) and thus show liberation; while on the other hand, the negetive side, it represent going against the social norms and natural laws and doing something which is completely unexpected such as terrorism etc. Thus when Ketu's headlessness is applied to the material world, it becomes a weakness, while when this transcends into the spiritual world, it makes the person liberate from the bondage of rebirth. Since in material plane, Ketu is a tamasik planet (like Mars), this weakness is predominant in tamas.

Matsarya: Matsarya can be translated to envy or jealousy. The root of jealousy is comparision of one's ownself with others. Although this becomes the prime driver of growth in this material world, it becomes a weakness in the spiritual world. We all know that only when someone shuns the desire to enjoy the material things in this life, he is free from this matarial world. The desire to compare one self comes from the desire to grow in this material world as shown by the upachayas 3rd and 6th, which are naturally ruled by Mercury. This shows that one should keep doing his duties irrespective of what he gets. Based on karma of different people, they may be endowed with different lives and one should not compare himself and complain to god about this discrepancies. Instead only when is free of the feelings of jealousy, then only he can have full faith on god and trust all his actions without judgement. It is said that jealousy becomes a roadblock even in cause of jealousy of spiritual nature. Envy is caused by the nature of human mind which differentiates one from others, where one sees other to be more prosperous than oneself and this faculty of human mind is governed by childish Mercury. It is no wonder that it is natural to see jealousy in young kids who always compare this possessions with their peers and want those which others possess. Thus something which can help one grow in the material world can cause roadblock in the spiritual arena and thus Jealousy is considered as one of the weaknesses. Thus weakness is however, predominant in rajas and is thus easy to get over, unlike those which are predominant in tamas.
In the book the spiritual dimensions of vedic astrology, the author Robert Koch gave the mapping with the shadripus as:

Kama : Venus
Krodha : Mars
Lobha : Saturn
Moha : Moon
Mada : Sun
Matsarya : Mercury

He additionally says that since the nodes do not have bodies, they do not rule over any of the weaknesses. I humbly beg to differ with the author. Since the weakness comes from darkness, the nodes are the prime governor of the weaknesses being shadowy planets, while the luminaries Sun and the Moon cannot be associated with any weakness. Hence the mapping I have given here is:

Kama : Venus
Krodha : Mars
Lobha : Rahu
Moha : Saturn
Mada : Ketu
Matsarya : Mercury

Discerning readers can evaluate my arguments and form their own opinions on which is the right mapping.

7th house: 7th house is the house of desire and is also called the dvara. It is said that soul enters the planet from the 7th house and also leaves from that house and hence is termed as dvara, which means door. The disposition of this house in the death chart will show whether the native would be born again in this planet or he is liberated from the cycle of re-birth. More number of planets in this house show more rebirths while no planets show no re-birth. Placement of a stronger planet in this house can even show multiple births before he can relinquish his desires and attain moksha. If there are planets in both 7th and 12th house, the native is likely to take birth after staying in the lokas shown by the 12th house for certain time. The duration after which the native has to take birth again can be seen from the natural periods of the planets placed in the 7th house (refer to the lagna section for details).

8th house: 8th house is the house of Sin, something which becomes the cause of re-birth. This shows the consolidated Sin's done by the native in his lifetime. The nature of the sin can be deciphered from the various weaknesses as mentioned above. The punishments for the Sins are quite grave and if they are not forgiven, the native has to take birth for redemption. The Sin's can be forgiven only when devaguru Jupiter has aspects the 8th house.

10th house: 10th house is the house of karma. It is known that the future of an individual is determined from the karma he did before and hence this house is very important in judging the state of native after death. If the native is worked without attachment, then he can attain moksha, whereas if he worked with specific results in mind, he has to come back to earth to experience those results. The 10th house in the punya chart shows the sum total of all karmas performed by the native in his lifetime. If the 10th lord is strong and the 10th house is under benefic influence, the native did good work. Similarly if the 10th lord as well as the house are weak and afflicted, the native has done bad deed and he has to take birth for redemption. The nature of work can also seen from the placement of 10th lord in various houses as well as the influence of various house lords/ planets on the 10th house. If the 10th lord is strong and is influenced by Jupiter and is also connected to the 12th house, the native can attain moksha, else the chances of taking rebirth is quite high.

12th house: 12th house is the house of moksha or liberation from the cycle of rebirth. One attains Moksha if Jupiter is either placed in the 12th or aspects it with Graha drsti. Jupiter represents the wish of the god and hence it indicate that only irrespective of whatever deed a person do, he might not get moksha unless god desired to give him so.

In Bhagavatgita, lord Krishna says that the person attains that, which he was thinking at the moment of his death. Thus only when someone is thinking about God, he can attain him after death. Thus 12th house also shows things which is dominant in the mind of a dying person. Thus it is important to think about god at all times as no one knows when the critical moment of death comes face to face with someone. Only when one remembers god at all times can remember him at the moment of death, else he will think of those things which happened to be there in him mind majority of his life.

Now, if a person does not attain moksha, he can go to various other spiritual planes of existence which are called the Lokas. There are 7 lokas including Earth and similarly there are 7 Talas, which makes it 14 lokas and talas. The Lokas are full of spiritual energies while the talas are full of darkness and ignorance. The 7 lokas are as follows:

Bhurloka - Mars
Bhuvarloka - Sun
Svargaloka - Venus
Janarloka - Moon
Taparloka - Saturn
Mahaloka - Mercury
Satyaloka - Jupiter

To be continued...


Sunday, February 10, 2008

The Chinese Calendar II- Month

Month start and end dates and times for year 2008, based on timezone +08:00 hrs of GMT

Month 01 : 07 Feb 2008 11:45:00 - 08 Mar 2008 01:14:40
Month 02 : 08 Mar 2008 01:14:40 - 06 Apr 2008 11:55:42
Month 03 : 06 Apr 2008 11:55:42 - 05 May 2008 20:18:37
Month 04 : 05 May 2008 20:18:37 - 04 Jun 2008 03:22:58
Month 05 : 04 Jun 2008 03:22:58 - 03 Jul 2008 10:19:00
Month 06 : 03 Jul 2008 10:19:00 - 01 Aug 2008 18:12:59
Month 07 : 01 Aug 2008 18:12:59 - 31 Aug 2008 03:58:30
Month 08 : 31 Aug 2008 03:58:30 - 29 Sep 2008 16:12:44
Month 09 : 29 Sep 2008 16:12:44 - 29 Oct 2008 07:14:21
Month 10 : 29 Oct 2008 07:14:21 - 28 Nov 2008 00:55:07
Month 11 : 28 Nov 2008 00:55:07 - 27 Dec 2008 20:22:55
Month 12 : 27 Dec 2008 20:22:55 - 26 Jan 2009 15:55:49

Wednesday, February 06, 2008

The Chinese Calendar I

Although this calendar is followed by Chinese all over the world, mysteries abound on the computation of this calendar. Like any knowledge developed by ancient civilizations, I consider even this calendar deserves merit to study it in details. The purpose of this article is to provide a brief description and its astronomical basis for those who are interested. When time permits, I will try to contribute more on this subject. I am sure, my understanding of this calendar will increase with such narration of my current understanding.

Tropical or Sidereal
Whenever we discuss about any calendar, we need to know whether the purpose of the calendar is to reckon time with respect to seasons or with respect to fixed stars. Like any other calendar which was developed to keep track of the seasons for agricultural purposes, this calendar is a tropical calendar and tries to synchronize with the season markers such as equinoxes and solstices. However, instead of this being a solar calendar which traces the beginning and end of the calendar to the beginning and end of the the tropical zodiac (where beginning of Aries is tagged to vernal equinox), this calendar is a synodic calendar, which is based on the movement of Sun as well as the Moon. It is worthy to mention that most part of India also follows synodic calendar while also keeping it synchronous with the seasons by adding or subtracting intercalary months.

However, part of India also follow Sidereal calendar which is marked by movement of Sun in the sidereal zodiac i.e., with respect to the fixed stars and for them the year starts with the movement of Sun into the sidereal Aries somewhere on April 14 (as of now).

Start of the Year
The year starts on the day Sun and Moon conjoins in Tropical Aquarius. Thus the first day of this calendar is the 1st day of the bright half (shukla paksha) as per the amanta calendar followed in certain parts of India. One should note here is that the exact moment of conjunction of Sun and Moon marks the end of New Moon and beginning of the bright half.

Although the time of conjunction of Sun and Moon is known to start the Chinese calendar, the date of celebration would need further consideration. Since in actual practice, we follow the civil calendar (Gregorian calendar) and the civil time (24hrs day), we need to know which day should be taken as per the Gregorian calendar for the celebration of the new year. As per this civil time the day on which the Moon conjoins the Sun (irrespective of the part of the day) is treated as the start of new year. Thus if the conjunction happens before 00:00 hrs, the current day is treated as th new year, else, the next day will be so treated.

Based on this principles, the CNY dates for various years are given below. I have considered timezone +08:00 East of GMT for the time of beginning of the year, i.e, the beginning of bright half (shukla pratipada). Based on the timezone, the date can vary.

4645 - 1948 : 10 Feb 1948 11:02:22 - 29 Jan 1949 10:42:43 : Rat : Earth
4646 - 1949 : 29 Jan 1949 10:42:43 - 17 Feb 1950 06:53:25 : Ox : Earth
4647 - 1950 : 17 Feb 1950 06:53:25 - 06 Feb 1951 15:54:11 : Tiger : Metal
4648 - 1951 : 06 Feb 1951 15:54:11 - 27 Jan 1952 06:26:46 : Rabbit : Metal
4649 - 1952 : 27 Jan 1952 06:26:46 - 14 Feb 1953 09:10:42 : Dragon : Water
4650 - 1953 : 14 Feb 1953 09:10:42 - 03 Feb 1954 23:55:52 : Snake : Water
4651 - 1954 : 03 Feb 1954 23:55:52 - 24 Jan 1955 09:07:09 : Horse : Wood
4652 - 1955 : 24 Jan 1955 09:07:09 - 12 Feb 1956 05:38:17 : Sheep : Wood
4653 - 1956 : 12 Feb 1956 05:38:17 - 31 Jan 1957 05:25:13 : Monkey : Fire
4654 - 1957 : 31 Jan 1957 05:25:13 - 20 Jan 1958 06:08:20 : Rooster: Fire
4655 - 1958 : 20 Jan 1958 06:08:20 - 08 Feb 1959 03:22:35 : Dog : Earth
4656 - 1959 : 08 Feb 1959 03:22:35 - 28 Jan 1960 14:15:36 : Pig : Earth
4657 - 1960 : 28 Jan 1960 14:15:36 - 15 Feb 1961 16:10:47 : Rat : Metal
4658 - 1961 : 15 Feb 1961 16:10:47 - 05 Feb 1962 08:10:21 : Ox : Metal
4659 - 1962 : 05 Feb 1962 08:10:21 - 25 Jan 1963 21:42:23 : Tiger : Water
4660 - 1963 : 25 Jan 1963 21:42:23 - 13 Feb 1964 21:01:41 : Rabbit : Water
4661 - 1964 : 13 Feb 1964 21:01:41 - 02 Feb 1965 00:36:06 : Dragon : Wood
4662 - 1965 : 02 Feb 1965 00:36:06 - 21 Jan 1966 23:46:44 : Snake : Wood
4663 - 1966 : 21 Jan 1966 23:46:44 - 09 Feb 1967 18:44:23 : Horse : Fire
4664 - 1967 : 09 Feb 1967 18:44:23 - 30 Jan 1968 00:29:41 : Sheep : Fire
4665 - 1968 : 30 Jan 1968 00:29:41 - 17 Feb 1969 00:25:31 : Monkey : Earth
4666 - 1969 : 17 Feb 1969 00:25:31 - 06 Feb 1970 15:13:17 : Rooster: Earth
4667 - 1970 : 06 Feb 1970 15:13:17 - 27 Jan 1971 06:55:35 : Dog : Metal
4668 - 1971 : 27 Jan 1971 06:55:35 - 15 Feb 1972 08:29:15 : Pig : Metal
4669 - 1972 : 15 Feb 1972 08:29:15 - 03 Feb 1973 17:23:22 : Rat : Water
4670 - 1973 : 03 Feb 1973 17:23:22 - 23 Jan 1974 19:02:29 : Ox : Water
4671 - 1974 : 23 Jan 1974 19:02:29 - 11 Feb 1975 13:17:27 : Tiger : Wood
4672 - 1975 : 11 Feb 1975 13:17:27 - 31 Jan 1976 14:20:43 : Rabbit : Wood
4673 - 1976 : 31 Jan 1976 14:20:43 - 18 Feb 1977 11:37:23 : Dragon : Fire
4674 - 1977 : 18 Feb 1977 11:37:23 - 07 Feb 1978 22:54:28 : Snake : Fire
4675 - 1978 : 07 Feb 1978 22:54:28 - 28 Jan 1979 14:19:59 : Horse : Earth
4676 - 1979 : 28 Jan 1979 14:19:59 - 16 Feb 1980 16:51:20 : Sheep : Earth
4677 - 1980 : 16 Feb 1980 16:51:20 - 05 Feb 1981 06:14:16 : Monkey : Metal
4678 - 1981 : 05 Feb 1981 06:14:16 - 25 Jan 1982 12:56:30 : Rooster: Metal
4679 - 1982 : 25 Jan 1982 12:56:30 - 13 Feb 1983 08:32:24 : Dog : Water
4680 - 1983 : 13 Feb 1983 08:32:24 - 02 Feb 1984 07:47:00 : Pig : Water
4681 - 1984 : 02 Feb 1984 07:47:00 - 21 Jan 1985 10:28:48 : Rat : Wood
4682 - 1985 : 21 Jan 1985 10:28:48 - 09 Feb 1986 08:55:49 : Ox : Wood
4683 - 1986 : 09 Feb 1986 08:55:49 - 29 Jan 1987 21:44:58 : Tiger : Fire
4684 - 1987 : 29 Jan 1987 21:44:58 - 17 Feb 1988 23:54:42 : Rabbit : Fire
4685 - 1988 : 17 Feb 1988 23:54:42 - 06 Feb 1989 15:37:25 : Dragon : Earth
4686 - 1989 : 06 Feb 1989 15:37:25 - 27 Jan 1990 03:20:33 : Snake : Earth
4687 - 1990 : 27 Jan 1990 03:20:33 - 15 Feb 1991 01:32:15 : Horse : Metal
4688 - 1991 : 15 Feb 1991 01:32:15 - 04 Feb 1992 03:00:14 : Sheep : Metal
4689 - 1992 : 04 Feb 1992 03:00:14 - 23 Jan 1993 02:27:27 : Monkey : Water
4690 - 1993 : 23 Jan 1993 02:27:27 - 10 Feb 1994 22:30:27 : Rooster: Water
4691 - 1994 : 10 Feb 1994 22:30:27 - 31 Jan 1995 06:48:13 : Dog : Wood
4692 - 1995 : 31 Jan 1995 06:48:13 - 19 Feb 1996 07:30:36 : Pig : Wood
4693 - 1996 : 19 Feb 1996 07:30:36 - 07 Feb 1997 23:06:42 : Rat : Fire
4694 - 1997 : 07 Feb 1997 23:06:42 - 28 Jan 1998 14:01:19 : Ox : Fire
4695 - 1998 : 28 Jan 1998 14:01:19 - 16 Feb 1999 14:39:12 : Tiger : Earth
4696 - 1999 : 16 Feb 1999 14:39:12 - 05 Feb 2000 21:03:50 : Rabbit : Earth
4697 - 2000 : 05 Feb 2000 21:03:50 - 24 Jan 2001 21:07:26 : Dragon : Metal
4698 - 2001 : 24 Jan 2001 21:07:26 - 12 Feb 2002 15:41:28 : Snake : Metal
4699 - 2002 : 12 Feb 2002 15:41:28 - 01 Feb 2003 18:48:54 : Horse : Water
4700 - 2003 : 01 Feb 2003 18:48:54 - 22 Jan 2004 05:05:21 : Sheep : Water
4701 - 2004 : 22 Jan 2004 05:05:21 - 09 Feb 2005 06:28:28 : Monkey : Wood
4702 - 2005 : 09 Feb 2005 06:28:28 - 29 Jan 2006 22:15:03 : Rooster: Wood
4703 - 2006 : 29 Jan 2006 22:15:03 - 18 Feb 2007 00:14:43 : Dog : Fire
4704 - 2007 : 18 Feb 2007 00:14:43 - 07 Feb 2008 11:45:00 : Pig : Fire
4705 - 2008 : 07 Feb 2008 11:45:00 - 26 Jan 2009 15:55:49 : Rat : Earth
4706 - 2009 : 26 Jan 2009 15:55:49 - 14 Feb 2010 10:51:50 : Ox : Earth
4707 - 2010 : 14 Feb 2010 10:51:50 - 03 Feb 2011 10:31:10 : Tiger : Metal
4708 - 2011 : 03 Feb 2011 10:31:10 - 23 Jan 2012 15:39:43 : Rabbit : Metal
4709 - 2012 : 23 Jan 2012 15:39:43 - 10 Feb 2013 15:20:30 : Dragon : Water
4710 - 2013 : 10 Feb 2013 15:20:30 - 31 Jan 2014 05:38:53 : Snake : Water
4711 - 2014 : 31 Jan 2014 05:38:53 - 20 Jan 2015 21:14:03 : Horse : Wood
4712 - 2015 : 20 Jan 2015 21:14:03 - 08 Feb 2016 22:39:17** : Sheep: Wood
4713 - 2016 : 08 Feb 2016 22:39:17 - 28 Jan 2017 08:07:27 : Monkey : Fire
4714 - 2017 : 28 Jan 2017 08:07:27 - 16 Feb 2018 05:05:38 : Rooster: Fire
4715 - 2018 : 16 Feb 2018 05:05:38 - 05 Feb 2019 05:04:01 : Dog : Earth
4716 - 2019 : 05 Feb 2019 05:04:01 - 25 Jan 2020 05:42:23 : Pig : Earth
4717 - 2020 : 25 Jan 2020 05:42:23 - 12 Feb 2021 03:06:00 : Rat : Metal
4718 - 2021 : 12 Feb 2021 03:06:00 - 01 Feb 2022 13:46:16 : Ox : Metal
4719 - 2022 : 01 Feb 2022 13:46:16 - 22 Jan 2023 04:53:28 : Tiger : Water
4720 - 2023 : 22 Jan 2023 04:53:28 - 10 Feb 2024 06:59:23 : Rabbit : Water
4721 - 2024 : 10 Feb 2024 06:59:23 - 29 Jan 2025 20:36:12 : Dragon : Wood
4722 - 2025 : 29 Jan 2025 20:36:12 - 17 Feb 2026 20:01:23 : Snake : Wood
4723 - 2026 : 17 Feb 2026 20:01:23 - 06 Feb 2027 23:56:23 : Horse : Fire
4724 - 2027 : 06 Feb 2027 23:56:23 - 26 Jan 2028 23:12:46 : Sheep : Fire
4725 - 2028 : 26 Jan 2028 23:12:46 - 13 Feb 2029 18:31:44 : Monkey : Earth
4726 - 2029 : 13 Feb 2029 18:31:44 - 03 Feb 2030 00:07:40 : Rooster: Earth
4727 - 2030 : 03 Feb 2030 00:07:40 - 23 Jan 2031 12:31:05 : Dog : Metal
4728 - 2031 : 23 Jan 2031 12:31:05 - 11 Feb 2032 14:24:18 : Pig : Metal
4729 - 2032 : 11 Feb 2032 14:24:18 - 31 Jan 2033 05:59:55 : Rat : Water
4730 - 2033 : 31 Jan 2033 05:59:55 - 20 Jan 2034 18:01:37 : Ox : Water
4731 - 2034 : 20 Jan 2034 18:01:37 - 08 Feb 2035 16:22:14 : Tiger : Wood
4732 - 2035 : 08 Feb 2035 16:22:14 - 28 Jan 2036 18:17:19 : Rabbit : Wood
4733 - 2036 : 28 Jan 2036 18:17:19 - 15 Feb 2037 12:54:12 : Dragon : Fire
4734 - 2037 : 15 Feb 2037 12:54:12 - 04 Feb 2038 13:52:14 : Snake : Fire
4735 - 2038 : 04 Feb 2038 13:52:14 - 24 Jan 2039 21:36:05 : Horse : Earth
4736 - 2039 : 24 Jan 2039 21:36:05 - 12 Feb 2040 22:24:22 : Sheep : Earth
4737 - 2040 : 12 Feb 2040 22:24:22 - 01 Feb 2041 13:42:48 : Monkey : Metal
4738 - 2041 : 01 Feb 2041 13:42:48 - 22 Jan 2042 04:41:59 : Rooster: Metal
4739 - 2042 : 22 Jan 2042 04:41:59 - 10 Feb 2043 05:07:38 : Dog : Water
4740 - 2043 : 10 Feb 2043 05:07:38 - 30 Jan 2044 12:04:28 : Pig : Water
4741 - 2044 : 30 Jan 2044 12:04:28 - 17 Feb 2045 07:51:06 : Rat : Wood
4742 - 2045 : 17 Feb 2045 07:51:06 - 06 Feb 2046 07:09:40 : Ox : Wood
4743 - 2046 : 06 Feb 2046 07:09:40 - 26 Jan 2047 09:43:39 : Tiger : Fire
4744 - 2047 : 26 Jan 2047 09:43:39 - 14 Feb 2048 08:31:21 : Rabbit : Fire
4745 - 2048 : 14 Feb 2048 08:31:21 - 02 Feb 2049 21:15:36 : Dragon : Earth
4746 - 2049 : 02 Feb 2049 21:15:36 - 23 Jan 2050 12:56:41 : Snake : Earth
4747 - 2050 : 23 Jan 2050 12:56:41 - 11 Feb 2051 14:41:18 : Horse : Metal
4748 - 2051 : 11 Feb 2051 14:41:18 - 01 Feb 2052 02:30:05 : Sheep : Metal
4749 - 2052 : 01 Feb 2052 02:30:05 - 19 Feb 2053 00:31:19 : Monkey : Water
4750 - 2053 : 19 Feb 2053 00:31:19 - 08 Feb 2054 02:13:50 : Rooster: Water
4751 - 2054 : 08 Feb 2054 02:13:50 - 28 Jan 2055 01:39:13 : Dog : Wood
4752 - 2055 : 28 Jan 2055 01:39:13 - 15 Feb 2056 21:59:40 : Pig : Wood
4753 - 2056 : 15 Feb 2056 21:59:40 - 04 Feb 2057 06:10:21 : Rat : Fire
4754 - 2057 : 04 Feb 2057 06:10:21 - 24 Jan 2058 20:14:05 : Ox : Fire
4755 - 2058 : 24 Jan 2058 20:14:05 - 12 Feb 2059 22:27:12 : Tiger : Earth
4756 - 2059 : 12 Feb 2059 22:27:12 - 02 Feb 2060 13:22:26 : Rabbit : Earth
4757 - 2060 : 02 Feb 2060 13:22:26 - 21 Jan 2061 23:16:12 : Dragon : Metal
4758 - 2061 : 21 Jan 2061 23:16:12 - 09 Feb 2062 20:10:38 : Snake : Metal
4759 - 2062 : 09 Feb 2062 20:10:38 - 29 Jan 2063 20:23:09 : Horse : Water
4760 - 2063 : 29 Jan 2063 20:23:09 - 17 Feb 2064 15:02:58 : Sheep : Water
4761 - 2064 : 17 Feb 2064 15:02:58 - 05 Feb 2065 18:02:11 : Monkey : Wood
4762 - 2065 : 05 Feb 2065 18:02:11 - 26 Jan 2066 04:14:09 : Rooster: Wood
4763 - 2066 : 26 Jan 2066 04:14:09 - 14 Feb 2067 05:57:26 : Dog : Fire
4764 - 2067 : 14 Feb 2067 05:57:26 - 03 Feb 2068 21:44:33 : Pig : Fire

** In these years, there are two conjunctions of Sun & Moon in Tropical Aquarius out of which the 2nd one should be taken as the beginning of the year. Based on this, the dates would require revision. (I will do it in my next revision of this article.)


Monday, February 04, 2008

Karma & Destiny

Written in
Date: Nov 5, 2000

I am writing something which i was willing to write for many days but couldn't get the time to do that. In a mail, I supported the concept of fatalism and said that I shall write some more things on the same topic. Here I shall write my understanding of two things:

1. How the karmic forces influence us?
2. How do the planets interfere in the life of human?

Anyone who has read the Hindu scriptures or understand the Indian philosophy wouldn't deny the influence of karmic forces in the life of human beings and the theory of life, death and rebirth; the theory of reincarnation. karma and all the above mentioned concepts are highly related and intertwined.

Whatever we do is the karma and also reap the result of the karma. The result may be got in this birth or the next birth. When we think that why shall we get the result of this birth in our subsequent birth, we may not get an answer if we think as a physical body. But if we consider to be spiritual beings and come to the earth for a brief journey, they we may feel that though the body has changed, we haven't- we are the same being in different body... u may call the being as the soul. Irrespective of the body the soul presently have, he has to borne the result of the past karma.

The results are nothing but the situations that arise in our life-good or bad, the events that happen in our life-good or bad. But then these situations and events force us to behave in a particular way... that is the karma we are performing in this birth...which again will cause some situations or events to happen in the future. If this is the case are we really so much bound by the unending chain of cause and action...karma and the result, which we cannot get out from this chain. Is the situation so hopeless? No, it is not... The situation is not so much hopeless... we have free will. But the natural question arise here is that if we are so much bound by the cycle of cause and effect, where is the scope of freewill? Though apparently there seems that there is no scope, there is enough scope for exercise of the free will.. I will explain it after sometime. But let me say something else before that.

Now I shall take up the issue of who is the doer? Are you are the doer of whatever you are doing? You would find the answer very soon! Just think, how many organisms you kill when you respire.. How many ants or insects you kill when you walk over any place. These figures are innumerable. If you are asked that who is the killer all these organisms, you would probably say that it is not you. Because the death of these organisms had come that’s why they went into your mouth when you respired or came below your feet when you walked. Again think how many people you influence knowingly or unknowingly in day which leads them to act in a particular way. Let’s take an example here, you had a fight with some one say Ram and that fellow got so much angry that he tried to kill someone else say Balram. Here if you analyze the charts of all the persons involved in the process you would find that there is some indication of this happening. You will feel that it is a mere coincidence that these things happen that way only. Balram was supposed to be threatened by
Ram at that moment and Ram was supposed to have a fight with you at that moment, that is why it happened. You are only a link in the chain of cause and effect.

When a person say Parshuram has to die, he may get a heart attack, but do you say that heart attack was the doer of the death of the person. No, probably you do not. We would rather say that the heart attract was the cause of the effect (Heart attack). But if someone else says Kashiram kills Parshuram, why we say that the Kashiram has killed Parshuram, why don't we say that Kashiram was only a means to the end or a cause to an effect or an instrument with which Parshuram was supposed to be killed. Extrapolating the same concept we may see that whatever we do have some or other implication whatever may be its intensity-small or large. We must understand that the implications had to happen that is why we were inspired to the action.

In all the cases we have means to some end which again becomes the means to some other end and the chain goes on. In these chain all these means and ends or the causes and effects are the links. In other words we are not the doer whatever we do, we are only means or the instruments in the hands of some invisible force. But the question here is why we do the things the way we do. Why we don't do it in some other way. Could we have done the things we did in our past in some other way? I would say because each of the actions done by us lead to many other actions and which would lead to many other and if analyse the horoscopes of all these situations we would see that there are indications of their happening the way they have happened, it is very unlikely that the actions performed could have been performed in some other way. Again as answer to the question why we acted in a particular way in a given situation, who inspired us to behave in that way, I would say that it is the PRAKRITI and THE GUNA of the person, who inspired him to act in a particular way. We act in a particular way in a given situation, because we get the urge to act that way. And this urge is controlled by the PRAKRITI and GUNA we have.

If we introspect on the teachings of GITA we will find the same essence that we are not the doers, we are only an instrument in the hands of someone else (KRISHNA/ BRAHMAN/ SUPREME CONSCIOUSNESS). When we are not the doers, why do we expect the result of the actions performed by us. Let’s take an analogy to understand this. Let’s say you have invented a robot which works for you. You programmed (PRAKRITI/GUNA) the robot to kill some one or help someone. If the robot kills or helps someone, do you condemn or praise the robot for those actions. Probably not. You, who have programmed the robot should be accountable for or held responsible for whatever the result. So when we are not the doers, we should not expect the result of the actions we have performed rather we shall surrender ourselves to the supreme and accept whatever he does with us.

Now I shall take up the topic of free will. Before that we shall know that the human birth has some importance attached to it. It is not a mere accident. This is a vehicle with which we can attain the BRAHMAN or self realization. This the birth which accumulates karma (good or bad). Because we don't have any control of the situations or the events or the actions we are doing, what matter is the attitude with which we are doing the same job. Different attitude towards the same action can accumulate different types of Karma. Here comes the importance of FREE WILL. How we are performing the karma and not what we are performing. If a person does a particular action with the feeling that he is doer of the karma, then the result-negative or positive will be accumulated in his repertoire of karma and may lead to bad or good situation in subsequent or even the same birth. But even the good or prosperous condition as a result of a good karma is not that good as it attach the soul to the material world. But if the same action is done with complete self surrender to the BRAHMAN, then whatever the result may be good or bad won't be having any effect on his karma repertoire rather he will exhaust some of his past accumulated karma in the process, and in a way break some links of the chain binding him to this material world and move towards attainment of self-realization. Thus we can exert our freewill in having an attitude which take us towards self-realization, i.e., the attitude of self-surrender to the supreme and have unbroken faith in his actions. If we have the same attitude in all of our actions we would see that our ego is vanishing and we are reaching towards supreme/infinite consciousness from individual/ finite consciousness.

Thus though we seemed to be bound by the law of time-space and causation or though the destiny seems to be fatalistic, we can get out of this unending cycle by exerting our free will in surrendering ourselves to the almighty.

Lets see how with self-less or surrendered action we can reach near the almighty. Here we see what the prakriti of a person is? It is accumulation of attitudes. If we behave in a particular way in a given type of situation similarly again and again repeatedly, it becomes our inherent nature (this is the prakriti) and we would spontaneously behave the same way in future given similar situation. Thus with exertion of free our nature of self surrender would become more and more strong and more and more we reach near the goal of self realisation.

Now let me take the issue of planetary movements and human destiny. Here I have some different viewpoints. If we presume that everything is governed by some law and nothing is haphazard or accident, then everything can be predicted. We can predict the motion of earth around the sun very precisely because it is a regular motion and guided by some celestial law. Had it been haphazard, we couldn't have predicted that. Take anything in the universe from the smallest atom to the galaxies, everything is guided by some law and hence have some pattern in their behaviour. If we understand the underlying pattern in their behaviour we can predict how they would behave in future. Deciphering the underlying pattern is the most difficult this. There is chaos nowhere.... everywhere there is a very regular patterned behaviour we fail to decipher and we see chaos. Let’s take an example to see this. Let’s try to find the pattern the given series of number.


Here if we are asked to predict the next number, we may feel apparently that there is no pattern but a jumble of number instead. But if we try to analyse deeply, we would find that this is an interweaving of three different series.

1,2,3,4,5,6,7 2,3,5,7,11,13 (prime numbers) 4,9,25,49,121,169 (squares of the prime numbers)

Now that we have deciphered the pattern in the series, we can predict the next number in the series. Even in case we don't find any pattern after any number of try, which would mean that we haven't explored the total possible environment of the system. For example if we have series like

1278838923484981 here we may not find any pattern but if more data is taken we would find that there is a repetition of the following set of numbers in the total system, and that is the pattern.


AND because nothing in this universe is unconnected with each other, there is a pattern of relation within so called apparently unconnected systems. Though it seem that solar system, the universe and the earth and the life in earth are unconnected system, they are the part of a bigger system. So if the pattern of connection or the relation between these apparent unconnected system is deciphered, the future can be predicted taking cues from any part of the whole system.

Maharihis have tried to decipher how the planets and the stars in the sky during the birth of a person is connected to the destiny of that person. Thus they have found out the pattern of such connections and that is jyotisha. Thus the configuration of planet during the birth time can only indicate but not influence the destiny of the person. This is somewhat similar to statistical analysis of trend over a period of time. The coorelation between the celestial even and the occurance of a particular incidence in a persons life has been found out and wherever they are found to be strongly coorelated, those predicters are retained. But coorelation by itself doesn't show any causal relationship. This is why we can predict the destiny from palm of our hands. That doesn't show that the lines in our palms cause somethings in our life, but only show that there is a high correlation between the lines and the events occuring in the life. This can be done with any such thing which is seemingly unrelated to us... but in this case deciphering the pattern will be very difficult or near to impossible. Because the law operating everywhere is the same everywhere, the properties present in the macrocosm is also present in the microcosm. Thus those this which can be predicted with the help of planets and stars in the sky, can also be predicted with the help of palm or for that matter the little finger or thumb alone. For that matter we can go much smaller level to the genetic composition of the person. Everything would yeild the same result.

Now I shall end with a statement which may stimulate some thinking... "If we are guided by our own karma, prakriti and Guna, why are we allowing the planets to interfere with our destiny and influence us" Why we bring planets in the picture to govern us, whereas in reality it is not so. "PLANET CAN ONLY INDICATE BUT NOT INFLUENCE OUR DESTINY"


Astrology- Science or Not

Written in
Date: Jun 23, 2001

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Before going into the debate of whether Astrology is a Science or not, we must understand what is science? How science is defined....

I have picked up the article from a website which defines science as

A Brief Definition of Science

Science is a process of searching for fundamental and universal principles that govern causes and effects in the universe. The process itself is a method of building, testing, and connecting falsifiable models to describe, explain and predict a shared reality. The method includes hypothesis, repeatable experiments and observations, and new hypothesis. The prime criterion in determining the usefulness of a model is the ease with which the model correctly makes predictions or explains phenomena in the shared reality.

A short explanation of the term "shared reality" is in order. In the film "Harvey" Jimmy Stewart's six foot white rabbit, Harvey, is a reality for Mr. Stewart, and perhaps just as much "truth" as a lighted match, but Harvey is not shared by most of the rest of us, whereas the match can burn us all. Shared reality is a reality that is verifiable by independent observers and whose causes and effects do not change in time or space. Shared reality is a term that helps avoid conflict with some deep seated beliefs outside of science. Everyone may keep his or her non-science truths; these truths will simply not be part of the shared reality, and not part of science.

In addition, it is an important aspect of shared reality that the principle of cause and effect exists and does not change over time and space. If forces cause accelerations today, we must assume that this was so a thousand years ago. The fundamental causes and effects that exist today existed in the past and will exist in the future, allowing us to understand and agree upon past events. If we do not share consistency of cause and effect, then all theories explaining past events will be non-falsifiable, and not a part of the science process.

Science as a process:

Science is not a collection of facts and theories. The process by which we develop theories is science, not the theories themselves. The fact that objects accelerate on earth at 9.8m/s2 is not science. The theory from Newton that predicts objects accelerate at this rate is also not science. The PROCESS used to develop the theory is science.

Theories must be falsifiable:

There must be a way to prove the theory wrong. If we can't prove it wrong, it is not a scientific theory. This idea of a theory being falsifiable is one of the most important aspects of science. The theory, "beyond Earth there is intelligent life in the universe," may be true, but it is not a scientific theory since there is no way to prove it false.

Theories must be able to predict:

All science theories must have some predictive nature. Even if a theory does not in and of itself make predictions, it does have consequences and can be used to make some sort of predictions. Einstein's theory of relativity, which he developed in the early 1900s, predicted changes in the passage of time for objects traveling at extremely high speeds. It was not until much later that some of these "predictions" could be tested. Very accurate clocks were put in airplanes and flown at extremely high speeds. When the planes landed, clocks in the planes were compared with ground clocks. The difference in the times on the clocks were just what was predicted by the theory.

It inspires more confidence when two independent theories confirm one another. Cosmic rays create new particles high in the upper atmosphere. It was noted that according to a theory of radioactive decay, particles should not be observed to hit the surface of the earth because the "half life" was too short. Observations showed that the particles did hit the earth. By using one of Einstein's equations in relativity theory it was shown that time slowed down for the particles traveling toward earth. The theory matched experimental results and both the theory of relativity and the theory of radioactive decay were supported.

Experiments must be repeatable:

It is not acceptable that only one person, or only one group can obtain results that support the theory. Anyone using proper procedures must be able to achieve the same results. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries a number of different "rays" were discovered, including X-rays and Beta rays. A well respected scientist named Blondlot announced he had discovered a new ray, which he called an N-ray. Among other things, people who had been subjected to N-rays could read text that normally could not be read in dim light. The effects were very small and could not be measured with an instrument. In the next few years other scientists reported seeing the same effect, confirming Blondlot's claims. More and more sources of N-rays were found and more effects as well. Most of the positive reports came from France, but some physicists, especially outside France, were skeptical because they could not reproduce the same results.

An American physicist named Wood visited Blondlot's laboratory. One of Blondlot's claims was that lead could stop N-rays. Wood, in assisting Blondlot, moved a piece of lead back and forth across a beam of N-rays while Blondlot reported the results. Blondlot then reported results when he believed the lead was in front of the beam, and not when the lead was actually in front of the beam. Wood reported these results in the journal Nature. Other, more critical experiments followed. Non-reproducible results ended the theory of N-rays as far as the scientific community was concerned, although Blondlot continued his research until his death.

Confidence in Theories:

We have degrees of confidence in theories, sometimes very strong, but none is absolute. The more a theory has been used successfully in the past, and the more it seems to fit in with other theories, the more confidence scientists have in it. There are occasions when evidence seems to indicate a theory is false, but scientists do not abandon the theory immediately. However, if the negative data remain unexplained, the theory must be replaced. For example, scientists had a high degree of confidence in Newton's theory ("law") of gravitation. When Uranus' orbit was seen to be different than predicted by Newton, the theory was abandoned right away. Scientists looked for other explanations for the orbit which would be consistent with Newton's theory. They succeeded in finding the planet Neptune which meant Newton's theory was still viable. If the new planet had not been found scientists would have had to discard or modify Newton's theory. This did happen in the early 1900s when the orbit of Mercury could not be explained in terms of Newton's theory. Newton's theory was then replaced by Einstein's theory of gravitation.

In a like manner, many theories in science have been replaced or modified, such as ones dealing with the structure of the atom.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

My Comments

From the above article we might infer that No Theory is a "absolute theory". All the so called scientific theories are the outcome of series of observations. From these observations when they found some kind of high correlation of occurance of two subsequent events, they tried to infer causation from them i.e., the preceeding event causing the succeeding event. However, can these coorelation can prove with certainity whether the theory about the causation is correct. No, unless they are mathematically verified. But, we must acknowledge that there are some limilations here. While we are subjecting some hypothesis to mathematical rigour, there might be instances when the mathematical proofs are not possible as it might require further advancement of the mathematical principles (something more to be discovered).

But this is something about what we call exact science such as Physics. However, if we take some science such as Biology or physiology, do we subject the theories to similar mathematical rigour....The answer is No. There we try to explain or cause of some disease merely on the basis of statistical probablity. For illustration, when all the doctors found the same germ Plasmodium Vivax in the blood of all the pateints suffering from Malaria, they concluded that Malaria is caused by Plasmodium Vivax. This is an instance of nothing but high coorelation between occurance of two events viz., occurance of malaria and finding of Plasmodium Vivax in the blood of such patients.

Leaving the non-exact science such as Biology and Psychology which are emperical, even the so called exact sciece are vulnarable. Stephen Hawkins, in his book "a brief history of time" mentioned that No theory is absolute. No matter how many times numerous observations proove a theory, a single observation which disproves it, make the theory invalid (The quote of Stephen Hawkins is a bit different. I don't have the book with me now to check it). This happens many times in the physical world. Some past theories couldn't explain some events and henceforth the theory is modified. For illustration Einstein said that nothing in this universe could travel faster than light but, now it is discovered that it does. Again, Einstein's theory of quantum mechanics came into being only beause Newton's theory of mechanics failed to explain some events of time and space. Thus it is only a matter of time. Any theory which seems absolute for the timebeing might get modified with new discoveries and until an unified theory is discovered which could explain all events in the universe.

The only thing which gives some credibility to any theory is the objectivity of the experiments, its reapeatibilty and the most important one, the predictibilty. With objectivity, I mean that the observer is not biased in devising the experiment, with repeatability, I mean that the experiments should give the same results irrespective of who is conducting it. And by experiments, I donot mean, laboratory experiments but collecting samples according statistical principles and analysing them.

What is the use of such theory which doesn't have the predictive validity, i.e., the theory can't predict. There is no use of that theory which could only explain some past events and can't foretell what would happen next, if some event occur under some specific circumstances.

Now the question comes, whether Jyotish is a Science. Leaving aside the hypothesis that planets influence the events in the lifes of Human, which can't be verified, we might see that Jyotish passes all the test of validity of Scientific Theory, namely repeatability and predeictabilty. No matter, who sees the horoscope of an Individual, if there is Sun in the first house in the individual's chart, the observer will say that the person will have problems with eyes. There is no dispute to that.

If physics is a science which can accurately calculate the path of a rocket launched under condition of specific Atmospheric Tempetature, Pressure, Gravity etc., Jyotish is also a science which can also predict that a person having 9th and 10th lord together will have Rajayoga under specific condition that the Lagna is strong and there are no Rajabhanga yoga in the horoscope. However, if the contention is that why Jyotish is not accurate in all the cases. The answer would be that the principles enuntiated by the Maharshis couldn't be understood and interpreted properly and the specific condition under which those ptincliples could be applied are not known. This is similar to Physics in way that, if scientists are launching rocket over the Moon, they can't accurately predict the trajectory unless they know the gravity of the launcing site, the density of air, the temparature, the velocity of air etc.

Thus we see that, the impression about Jyotish that it is not a sceince is nothing but prejudice of so called Rational minded Scientists, who like to comment on something which they don't know.

These are my understanding and you need not subscribe to the same.


Sunday, February 03, 2008

Judgement of Svamsa

Parasara recognized the difference between Karakamsa (soul) and the Lagnamsa (body) and uses the term "Swamsa" to describe both when common rules are present.

The Lagnamsa represent that which is readily available or easily achieved whereas the karakamsa represent the desire of the soul. If both of them conjoin, the stage is set for self-actualization. Instead if they are in sadastaka (mutually 6/8th) life can be a bed of thorns. Similarly consider other karakas from the bhavas.

If there are only benefics in karakamsa and lagnamsa and aspected only by benefics, the native will surely enjoy Rajayoga. Similarly benefics in Swamsa or in its quadrants or trines and devoid of malefics, the native will surely be prosperous and knowledgeable. Mixed planets give mixed results.

  1. Aries: trouble from rats, cats etc.
  2. Taurus: Troubles/ Happiness from quadrupeds (cow/ bulls etc.)
  3. Gemini: Itches, skin infection and over weight problems.
  4. Cancer: Trouble from watery diseases, hydrophobia and leprosy.
  5. Leo: Danger from dogs, tiger and other such canines.
  6. Virgo: Trouble from fire, weight problems, skin infections.
  7. Libra: Trouble from Trade and business.
  8. Scorpio: Watery diseases, danger of reptiles, and snakes, shortage of mother’s milk.
  9. Sagittarius: Danger of accidents and fall from height.
  10. Capricorn: Danger from aquatic creatures, birds and spirits besides skin problem and/or psychic disorders.
  11. Aquarius: Construction of lakes, tanks, garden, roads, temples etc.
  12. Pisces: Law abiding, religious and righteous person. Parasara adds that the karakamsa in Pisces indicates Moksha.

Note: Various kinds of problem have been indicated by planets occupying specific Navamsas. These problems arise in the life of the person if the Atmakaraka is afflicted. Physical problems are indicated by the Navamsa of the lord of the badhakasthana.

Effect of Planets in Swamsa
  1. The sun in swamsa makes the native a keen government/ political worker and good at social service.
  2. The full Moon and Venus in Swamsa give all luxuries of life and an educationist is produced. According to Parasara presence of full moon and aspect of Venus on it also gives the same result.
  3. Mars in Swamsa gives expertise in metallurgy or in arms and warfare or in matters related to fire.
  4. Mercury in Swamsa gives business acumen and produces a skilled trader or weaver, sculptor or one well versed in social and legal norms.
  5. Jupiter in Swamsa makes a Karmayogi who will excel in any field due to his intelligence or one interested in philosophy and religion or a priest.
  6. Venus in Swamsa indicates a government or political official or a passionate person who is virile up to a hundred years (indicate bureaucracy).
  7. Saturn in Swamsa gives success in any line of activity and consequential fame
  8. Rahu in Swamsa produces a Bowman or a thief. He may earn by dacoity or by cheating or maybe capable of handling very poisonous and dangerous chemicals, medicines etc or an expert in metals/ manufacturing activities.
  9. Ketu in Swamsa indicates one who will earn through elephants (trucks and heavy vehicles) or maybe a thief or a swindler. This may also indicate watch repairing or delicate machines or computers.
  10. Moon in Swamsa aspected by Venus: Capability to deal with liquids and chemicals.
  11. Mercury aspecting Moon in Swamsa: Produces a doctor or work related to medicine.

Note: The various vocations listed above may be more applied to the lagnamsa than the karakamsa as karakamsa indicate the desire of the soul whereas the lagnamsa indicate the actual karma of the body. Though these indicate the vocation with D-10 we can say with certainty the actual vocation.

Some more indications:
  1. Sun and Rahu joining swamsa indicate death due to snake venom. If benefic aspect the combination this will not happen. Rather the native will be a doctor handling poisonous drugs and curing venom afflictions. A malefic's aspect would cause death.
  2. Mars alone aspecting/ joining the aforesaid combination indicates a person who will burn the houses of others. Parasara opines that mars aspect on the combination in karakamsa indicates that the person will burn his own house or that of others.
  3. Venus aspect the Rahu & Sun combination will produces fire fighter or the fire won't occur at all.
  4. Jupiter aspect the Rahu & Sun combination indicates one who will set fire to his own house or that of his neighbour.
  5. If Saturn and Rahu are in Swamsa, the Native is either a seller or consumer of betel leaves and other aphrodisiacs.
  6. The moon in the fourth from swamsa produces a sailor. The aspect of Venus confirms this.
  7. Gulika in Swamsa makes the native consume poison or poison others. If Mars conjoin/ aspect Gulika, the native sells or administers these drugs while Jupiter in such place indicate self- consumption. The aspect of Venus or Sun cures the evil or prevents it from occurrence.
  8. Moon aspecting or joining Gulika in swamsa indicates theft or receipt of stolen wealth.
  9. Mercury aspecting/ joining Gulika in swamsa indicate hydrocele and similar diseases of the private pats.
  10. Ketu aspecting/ joining swamsa results in a perforation of the eardrums or other ear ailments.
  11. Venus aspecting/ joining Ketu in swamsa produces asceticism and religious leanings. He may be initiated into a religious order.
  12. Both Mercury and Venus aspecting Ketu indicates a mimic or a talkative person or one born to a maidservant / concubine. Parasara adds that the child may belong to a female remarried.
  13. Saturn aspecting the Venus and Ketu in Swamsa produces a Tapaswi or a servant.
  14. Saturn alone aspecting Ketu in swamsa indicates that the native is a fraud in the garb of a sanyasi.
  15. If the Sun & Venus aspect/ conjoin karakamsa, royal assignment (government/ political office) is surely indicated.

2nd From Swamsa
  1. Venus or Mars in the 2nd from swamsa produces passion and illicit relationships.
  2. Venus or Mars joining/ aspecting the second makes him passionate till the en of life. The influence is milder in case the second is owned by Venus or Mars and strongest if both of these planets in the 2nd owned by anyone of them. Ketu associating such combination destroys the passion.
  3. Jupiter joining/ aspecting the 2nd makes the native excessively passionate and sensuous (provided Venus/Mars also influence)
  4. Rahu joining/ aspecting the 2nd cause the Native to destroy all his wealth on account of his unbridles passion and licentious nature (provided Mars/ Venus also influences).
Note: Jupiter is expansive in Nature. It intensifies the influence of the other planets.

3rd House:

  1. Malefics in the 3rd indicate courage or valour whereas benefics indicate cowardice.
  2. Malefics in the 3rd and 6th make a good farmer or living through agriculture. This also indicates working in the air forces.
  3. Jupiter in the ninth indicates a big landlord or a distinguished personality.
  4. Venus: artistic skill.
  5. Mercury: Writer
  6. Mars: Capable of carrying firearms and weapons.

Sixth has to do with service (toil)

4th from Swamsa

  1. Moon & Venus Joining/ aspecting the 4th from swamsa give a palatial residence.
  2. Exalted planet in fourth will also give big residential house.
  3. If Saturn and Rahu are in the fourth, stones, rocks and such materials are used.
  4. Mars and Ketu in the fourth indicate use of clay and bricks.
  5. Jupiter in 4th indicates that the house made up of wood.
  6. Sun in the 4th gives a house of thatched straw or grass.
  7. Moon in 4th aspected by Venus: Leucoderma or Leprosy (if heavily afflicted).
  8. Mars aspects the Moon in the 4th: White leprosy.
  9. Ketu aspecting the Moon in the 4th: Bluish Leprosy.

4th/ 5th from Swamsa:

  1. Rahu and Mars are in the fourth or fifth from Swamsa, Tuberculosis is indicated. Moon aspects/joins the combination confirms it.
  2. Mars in 4th/5th: Boils, Ulcers, Cuts, Gangrene.
  3. Ketu in 4th/5th: Glandular ailments (like Thyroid) or water borne diseases like dysentery, typhoid etc.
  4. Rahu and Gulika in the 4th/5th: Affliction from dangerous poison.; Doctor handling such poison. The aspect od mercury or Venus indicate medical knowledge; Jupiter indicate consumption of poison; Aspect of Mars indicates giving/ selling such drugs/ poisons. The aspect of Sun gives death through snake venom.

5th from Swamsa:

  1. Saturn (alone) in 5th: Archer.
  2. Ketu (alone) in 5th: Abilities to make watches, precision equipment/ light engineering/ electronic goods).
  3. Mercury (alone) in 5th: Ascetic, member of a religious order or one who uses a walking stick.
  4. Rahu (alone) in 5th: Metallurgist (or heavy engineering).
  5. Sun (alone): Swordsman (or one who carries a blade/ knife)
  6. Mars (alone): Lancer (or a spear wielder).
  7. Moon & Jupiter in swamsa/ 5th: Excellent author.
  8. Venus in 1st/ 5th with the Moon from swamsa: Author but of less capability.
  9. Mercury in similar position with Moon: Author of even lesser capability.

Note: The number of natural benefics in the swamsa or 5th house will determine the capabilities of the author. The presence of the Moon (Mind) is the primary factor. Jupiter, Venus & Mercury give writing abilities, but in a decreasing order.

1st/ 5th from Swamsa

  1. Venus in 1st/ 5th: Indicate a poet, an eloquent speaker or a knowledgeable critic.
  2. Jupiter 1si/5th indicate a genius having knowledge in various branches and a great author.. However it does not give eloquence. It Jupiter does indicate a grammarian, knowledge of religious scriptures (like Vedas, Bible, Quoran etc) and a philosopher & Vedantist.
  3. Saturn in the 1st/5th makes a man in an assembly or a gathering. Such person will shy away from the limelight.
  4. Mercury in the 1st / 5th indicates a mimansaka or involvement in interpretation of texts/ available literature etc.
  5. A logician is indicated by Mars in the 1st/ 5th. Parasara indicate legal knowledge and jurisprudence.
  6. Moon in the 1st/ 5th gives knowledge of the Sankhya and Yoga philosophies besides history (rhetoric & Music) or produces a singer.
  7. The sun in the 1st/ 5th gives knowledge of the Vedas and Bhagavat Gita. Parasara says that sun in 5th gives knowledge of Music and Vedanta.
  8. Ketu in the 1st/ 5th gives Mathematical ability. This is important for astrology as well. If Jupiter associates, this knowledge is obtained by inheritance and the teaching are fully digested. Rahu indicates capabilities of research and Mathematics.
  9. Jupiter joining/ aspecting the above planets in the 1st/5th will give all round knowledge, both traditional and modern and proficiency in at least one branch.

Note: The combinations from 16 to 27 are also applicable to the 2nd house. Parasara opines that the combinations are also applicable ot 2nd / 3rd house besides 1st / 5th. He also opines that these results are also to be seen from the lord of swamsa. These results in the bhava will be temporary while in the Navamsa they wil be pronounced. The point is to confirm results from both Navamsa Lagna and karakamsa. While the result from Navamsa Lagna will be pronounced, those from Karakamsa (indicating the desire of the soul) may manifest only during specific periods. It is the mismatch between Navamsa Lagna and the Karakamsa that leaves many desires unfulfilled thereby causing rebirth.

7th house:
  1. Jupiter and Moon in 7th: Gives good looking and fair complexioned spouse.
  2. Rahu: Brings a widow or widower in marriage.
  3. Saturn: Brings older (than normally expected) person in marriage or the spouse could be religious (more ritualistic) or of poor health.
  4. Mars: Spouse having deformed or defective limbs.
  5. Sun: Spouse is favoured and protected by family. Spouse is learned, She will be confined to domestic chores. If Sun is debilitated then she may have clandestine relationship with elder members of the family (may not be true under benefic influence).
  6. Mercury: Talented and young spouse. She will be conversant with fine arts.
  7. Moon: First mating will be in the open or an uncovered place. The influence of planets will indicate the following place-
Sun- Garden
Mars- A wall or such construction
Mercury- Park or playground
Jupiter - Temple
Venus - Bathroom or Bedroom
Saturn & Rahu - Tavern or some dirty place etc.
Note: The place of mating is seen from the 10th of 7th (spouse) i.e., 4th. Similarly the place of illicit sex (2nd) is seen from 10th from 2nd i.e., 11th. The exaltation etc, aspects and signs involved should also be considered.

9th from Swamsa
  1. Benefics in the 9th from swamsa make one righteous, honest, truthful and faithful/ devoted to teachers and elders. Malefics associated with the ninth will produce opposite qualities like dishonesty, faithlessness and unrighteousness.
  2. If Saturn and Rahu are in the 9th house, the native betrays his elders and preceptors.
  3. Sun and Jupiter in the 9th will make the native confidant (or faithful) of his elders and teachers.
  4. Parasara says Venus and Mars in the 9th from Karakamsa indicate that the lover (having illicit relationship with the native) will die. Mercury and Moon in the 9th will cause imprisonment due to the illicit relationship. Jupiter alone in the 9th indicates excessive passion and sex.

10th from Swamsa
  1. Mercury conjoining/ aspecting the 10th from swamsa indicate results like Saturn (Success in any line of activity and consequential fame). This indicates skill and fame and is good for fortunes as well, as Mercury is a natural benefic. Besides, like Saturn, it tends to promote a traditional vocation.
  2. Beneficial aspects/ conjunctions on the 10th from swamsa produce stable fortunes. Malefics cause fluctuation in fortunes. Parasara opines that the combination will no only give stable fortunes but also make the native serious, strong (fixity of purpose) and intelligent. Malefics will not only harm the business/ career but also deny filial bliss. Mercury and Venus gives success in trade/ career and produce great works. The Sun, Moon & Jupiter so related to the tenth will give Rajayoga (Very high Status and achievements)
  3. The Sun in the 10th from Karakamsa aspected by Jupiter produces a cowherd or milkman (or one associated in some manner with animal husbandry). This is contrast with Parasara who mentions Rajayoga.

12th from swamsa:
  1. Benefics: take the soul to the auspicious world (of the departed) after death. The five benefics indicate five auspicious world as follows:
Jupiter- Svah; Mercury- Janah; Moon- Manah; Venus- Tapah; Sun- Satya.
  1. Parasara opines that Malefics in the 12th indicate expenses on unlawful and bad activities while benefics give legitimate expenses.
  2. Ketu: Final emancipation. Others opine that benefics in the swamsa gives moksha. Parasara says" If exalted planets or planets in own sign or natural benefics are placed in the 12th house from Karakamsa, the soul transmigrates to a beneficial world after death. If Ketu is so placed and only aspected by or joined by benefics, final emancipation (from the cycle of rebirth) shall be obtained.
  3. If Ketu is in the 4th or 12th from Karakamsa, final emancipation will be granted. During the dasa of Rahu in 10th (i.e., Ketu in 4th), the native goes on a pilgrimage and has a symbolic dip in sacred waters to wash his sins. If such placement of nodes occur from swamsa, they lead him towards emancipation. Parasara says- if Ketu is in the 12th from karakamsa in Aries or Sagittarius conjoined or aspected by benefics, the native is led towards emancipation.
  4. Malefics in 4th/12th: No deliverance from the cycle of rebirth. Sun is not considered malefic here, as it is a natural significator of Dharma.
  5. Devotion (mostly seen from 12th of Karakamsa)
Sun and Ketu- Devotee of Siva
Moon- Gouri
Venus- Lakshmi, Native will be prosperous.
Mars- Skanda (Subramanya, Kartikeya)
Mercury/ Saturn- Visnu
Jupiter- Samba Siva
Rahu- Tamasi (destroyer of darkness) or Durga.
Ketu- Ganapati or Skanda
  1. Saturn in the 12th in a malefic sign shows inclination for black magic, devilish worship and spirits.
  2. Venus in the 12th in malefic sign: Same as Saturn.
  3. The religiosity are also to be examined from the 6th from the Amatyakaraka

Malefics in Trine from Swamsa
  1. Two malefics in trine (1/5/9): The native gains expertise in spells (Mantra) and occult knowledge. At least one malefic gives knowledge of Mantra, two indicates knowledge of mantras and their usage while more malefic give knowledge of Yantras and Tantra.
  2. The malefics in trines aspected by other malefics: Expertise in black magic.
  3. Malefics in trines aspected by benefics: Expertise in white magic.

Note: If the combination of malefics is in trine from Lagnamsa then the native will make his living out of knowledge whereas if the combination occur from Karakamsa, the magic is very strong.

Other Combinations:
  1. Ketu in the second aspected by malefics produces stammering and other speech defects. According to Parasara Ketu in the 2nd / 3rd from swamsa causes speech defects. If malefics aspects, these defects are pronounced. Pt. Sanjay Rath says that Ketu in the 3rd won't produce speech defects unless there is a malefic in the swamsa causing papakartari yoga of 2nd.
  2. Malefics simultaneously in the 2nd and 8th house from Lagna, Arudha Lagna and swamsa cause Kemadruma Yoga (utter poverty). If the yoga is from Lagna or Lagnamsa then the effect will be felt throughout life whereas from Arudha Lagna it indicates financial down turn or fall. The yoga from Karakamsa indicates one who will detest wealth and may become a renunciate. Moon’s aspect on the yoga will intensify it.
  3. The results will manifest during the dasa of the sign (or planets) concerned.

Note: The argals or dristi of the sign/ planet whose dasa is operative should also be examined as well as the various yoga and Vargas


Nature of Drekkana

Nature of Drekkana







Ayudha/ Chatuspada





Sarpa/ Chatuspada




Ayudha/ Pakshi



Chatuspada/ Varaha




Ayudha/ Pakshi/ Chatuspada


Ayudha/ Chatuspada











Sarpa/ Pasha







Pakshi/ Chatuspada











  • The Drekkana of the malefics are called Agni drekkana
  • The Drekkana of the benefics are called Jala drekkana
  • The drekkanas of both benefic and malefic planets or three aspected by both malefics and benefics are called Mixed drekkanas.
  • The drekkana falling in the 8th house is called the Death drekkana.

Charactestics Of Drekkana
Drekkana I:
Masculine, a black colored man wearing a white dhoti holding high an axe in his hand, gives the impression that he is clever enough in protecting others, fierce in appearance, reddish eyes.

Drekkana II:
Feminine, quadruped, a woman wearing red clothes, fond of dressing up, pot belly, face resembles a horse, looks tired with thirst, standing on one foot.

Drekkana III:
Masculine, sadistic, skilled in arts, especially in musical lines, reddish color, interested in religious rites like Homa, active but foiled in attempts, wears red clothes, holds a stick high.

Drekkana I:
Female, curly hair but cut, big belly, partly burnt clothes, thirsty, hungry, fond of jewels.

Drekkana II:
Masculine, quadruped, skilled at cultivation of land and in fine arts, possesses a house, cattle, trades in charcoal and carts, neck like a bull, very hungry, face like a goat.

Drekkana III:
Masculine, quadruped, big body like an elephant, white teeth, long legs like a camel, brown colored, hair like a deer's, fickle-minded.

Drekkana I:
Female, fond of needle work, hence her hands are raised, fond of jewels, has reached puberty but without children.

Drekkana II:
Masculine, bird, manly appearance, standing in a flower garden, armed with a bow, face like a bird (vulture), thoughts are always on children, wealth and ornaments, fond of fun.

Drekkana III:
Masculine, man adorned with studded ornaments, mail coat, quiver, armed with a bow, well versed in music, dance and poetry writing.

Drekkana I:
Masculine, quadruped, man holding leaves and medicinal roots, fruits, poised on a sandalwood tree in the forest, fat like an elephant, long legs like a chamel, face like a pig's, neck like a horse's.

Drekkana II:
Feminine, serpent, snakes coiled on her body, decorated with lotus flowers on her head, quite youthful, resting on the branch of a Phalasa (jack) tree and shouting.

Drekkana III:
Masculine, serpent, one traveling in a ship on sea to get jewels for his wife, serpents are coiled around him, has ornaments, nose and face bend down slightly.

Drekkana I:
Human, masculine, quadruped, bird, looks like a vulture and a jackal on the branch of a cotton tree, dirty clothes, has no father or mother, keeps on shouting.

Drekkana II:
White garland on the head, covers the body with black skin and blanket, armed with a bow, lion's courage, nose bent forward or beak-nosed.

Drekkana III:
Masculine, quadruped, curly headed, long hair on face, face like a monkey, active and nimble like a monkey, habits like monkey, carries a stick, fruits and flesh in hand.

Drekkana I:
Feminine, a young girl covered in dirty clothes holding a vessel full of flowers, great desire for clothes and wealth, desires to go to her father's house.

Drekkana II:
Feminine, whole body is covered with hair, black in color, cloth tied on head, armed with a bow, desires writing a letter to her husband.

Drekkana III:
Feminine, golden color, body covered with a wet white silk, tall, vessels on hand, going to a temple.

Drekkana I:
Masculine, a man sitting in his shop in a business area with a silver scale and weights, thinking about business and profits.

Drekkana II:
Masculine, bird, face like a bird, thinks about his wife, children, hunger and thirst, likes to go away with the vessel on hand.

Drekkana III:
Masculine, quadruped, frightens animals in the forest, decorated with precious stones, monkey-like in shape, has a golden mail coat.

Drekkana I:
Feminine, serpent, a beautiful lady shorn of her clothes and ornaments, travelling from the middle of the lake to the shore, snakes have coiled around her legs.

Drekkana II:
Feminine, serpent, snakes coil around her body, pot belly, her thoughts center on how to make her husband happy.

Drekkana III:
Quadruped, square face like a tortoise, scares away dog, pig, fox and deer, safeguards a sandalwood forest.

Drekkana I:
Male and quadruped, man with the body of a horse, armed with a long bow, lives in a hut in the forest protecting sanyasis and articles used in religious performances.

Drekkana II:
Feminine, very pleasing color like gold and the champaka flower, separates gems in the ocean, seated on a Badraasana.

Drekkana III:
Masculine, long face, color of gold and champaka flower, seated in a prominent place holding a stick and wearing silk and a deer skin.

Drekkana I:
Masculine, hair all over body, stout, protruding teeth, armed with chain, rod and net, fearful face.

Drekkana II:
Feminine, proficient in all art, very pleasing eyes, dark blue color, fond of tasty dishes, ornaments around the neck.

Drekkana III:
Masculine and quadruped, horse's face, human body, covered with a blanket, armed with a "kavacha" (shield), carries on his shoulder a pot studded with various gemstones.

Drekkana I:
Masculine and bird, wants to procure oil, food, liquor and water, wears a blanket, silk and antelope skin, face looks like a vulture.

Drekkana II:
Feminine, dressed in dirty clothes, vessels on head, collects metal pieces in a blanket, in a forest of cotton trees.

Drekkana III:
Masculine, black colored, wears a crown, ears full of hair, carries bark, leaves, gum and fruits, goes from one place to another.

Drekkana I:
Masculine, man handling articles for a Yagya, gemstones, coral, conch, tired hands, walks while shaking his hands, sails over water to bring ornaments for wife.

Drekkana II:
Human, feminine, watery, young lady with a beautiful face shining like a champaka flower with her retinue sailing over the sea to the other side, with a high flag staff.

Drekkana III:
Human, serpent, a man shouting beside a pit in the forest, his hands and legs are coiled by snakes, thieves have stolen all his wealth, he is afraid, he keeps crying aloud.